Florida Senate - 2022 SJR 100 By Senator Rodrigues 27-01186A-22 2022100__ 1 Senate Joint Resolution 2 A joint resolution of apportionment; providing for the 3 apportionment of the House of Representatives and the 4 Senate (plans ______ and _______); adopting the United 5 States Decennial Census of 2020 for use in such 6 apportionment; defining terms; providing for the 7 inclusion of omitted areas; providing contiguity for 8 areas specified for inclusion in one district which 9 are noncontiguous; specifying that the apportioned 10 districts constitute the legislative districts of the 11 state; specifying that electronic maps serve as the 12 official maps of the legislative districts of the 13 state; providing for the public availability of 14 electronic maps; providing for severability of invalid 15 portions; providing for application beginning in 2022. 16 17 Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 18 19 Section 1. Official census for apportionment; definitions.— 20 (1) In accordance with Section 8(a), Article X of the State 21 Constitution, the United States Decennial Census of 2020 is the 22 official census of the state for the purposes of this joint 23 resolution. 24 (2) The following delineation of representative and 25 senatorial districts employs areas included within official 26 county, tract, block group, and block boundary descriptions used 27 by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the 28 Census, in compiling the United States Decennial Census of 2020 29 in this state. The populations within these census geographic 30 units are the population figures reported in the counts of the 31 United States Decennial Census of 2020 provided to the state in 32 accordance with Pub. L. No. 94-171. 33 (3) As used in this joint resolution, the term: 34 (a) “Block” describes the smallest geographic unit for 35 which population was tabulated in the 2020 decennial census. 36 Blocks are nested within tracts and within block groups. A block 37 is identified by a three-character number that is unique within 38 a block group. 39 (b) “Block equivalency file” describes a list of all blocks 40 within the state and the representative or senatorial district 41 number designated for each block. Blocks are listed by a 15 42 character number that combines the five-character county-level 43 Federal Information Processing System (FIPS) code, the six 44 character tract number with leading zeros and an implied 45 decimal, the single-character block group number, and the three 46 character block number. 47 (c) “Block group” describes a cluster of blocks within the 48 same census tract. Block groups are nested within tracts, and 49 are uniquely identified by a single character number with a 50 valid range of 0 through 9. 51 (d) “County” describes a legal governmental subdivision of 52 the state. Boundaries of counties described in this joint 53 resolution reflect those boundaries in effect as of January 1, 54 2020. 55 (e) “Geographical information systems map” describes an 56 electronic map that represents the boundaries of representative 57 and senatorial districts in a commonly accepted and readable 58 format. 59 (f) “Tract” describes a relatively permanent statistical 60 subdivision of a county. Tracts are nested within counties, and 61 are uniquely identified by an up to four-character number and a 62 two-digit suffix identified by a decimal. 63 Section 2. Representative districts.—For the election of 64 members to the House of Representatives of this state, the state 65 is apportioned into 120 consecutively numbered, single-member, 66 representative districts of contiguous territory, to be 67 designated by such numbers as follows: 68 69 Section 3. Senatorial districts.—For the election of 70 members to the Senate of this state, the state is apportioned 71 into 40 consecutively numbered, single-member senatorial 72 districts of contiguous territory, to be designated by such 73 numbers as follows: 74 75 Section 4. Territory not specified for inclusion in any 76 district.—Any portion of the state which is not stated in this 77 joint resolution as being included in any district described in 78 this joint resolution but which is entirely surrounded by a 79 district shall be deemed to be included within the surrounding 80 district. Any portion of the state which is not included in any 81 district described in this joint resolution and which is not 82 entirely surrounded by a district shall be included within that 83 district contiguous to the portion that contains the least 84 population per legislator according to the United States 85 Decennial Census of 2020; however, if every district contiguous 86 to such portion has an equal population, such portion shall be 87 included within the lowest-numbered district that is contiguous 88 to such portion. 89 Section 5. Territory specified for inclusion in one 90 district which is noncontiguous.—If any district described in 91 this joint resolution is composed of noncontiguous territory, 92 the noncontiguous portion that has the least population shall be 93 included in the district that is contiguous to such portion and 94 that has the least population; however, if every district 95 contiguous to such portion has an equal population, such portion 96 shall be included within the lowest-numbered district that is 97 contiguous to such portion. 98 Section 6. Districts to constitute representative and 99 senatorial districts of state.—The districts created by this 100 joint resolution constitute and form the representative and 101 senatorial districts of the state, and members of the 102 Legislature shall be elected in and for these representative and 103 senatorial districts as provided by law. 104 Section 7. Electronic maps to serve as the official maps of 105 representative and senatorial districts; availability.— 106 (1) Geographical information systems maps and block 107 equivalency files representing the boundaries of representative 108 and senatorial districts described in this joint resolution 109 shall serve as the official maps of the representative and 110 senatorial districts of the state. In the event of any conflict 111 between the descriptions of districts set forth in this joint 112 resolution, geographical information systems maps, or block 113 equivalency files, the descriptions in the block equivalency 114 files shall prevail. 115 (2) Within 10 days of a judgment of the Florida Supreme 116 Court determining the apportionment provided for in this joint 117 resolution to be valid, the geographical information systems 118 maps and block equivalency files representing the boundaries of 119 the representative and senatorial districts described in this 120 joint resolution shall be made available to the public by the 121 Office of Economic and Demographic Research. 122 Section 8. Severability.—If any provision of this joint 123 resolution or the application thereof to any person or 124 circumstance is held invalid, or if any representative or 125 senatorial district established in this joint resolution is held 126 invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or 127 applications of this joint resolution, or any other districts 128 established in this joint resolution, which can be given effect 129 without the invalid provision or application, and to this end 130 the provisions of this joint resolution are severable. 131 Section 9. Applicability.—This joint resolution applies 132 with respect to the qualification, nomination, and election of 133 members of the Legislature in the primary and general elections 134 held in 2022 and thereafter.