Florida Senate - 2022                                    SJR 100
       By Senator Rodrigues
       27-01186A-22                                           2022100__
    1                       Senate Joint Resolution                     
    2         A joint resolution of apportionment; providing for the
    3         apportionment of the House of Representatives and the
    4         Senate (plans ______ and _______); adopting the United
    5         States Decennial Census of 2020 for use in such
    6         apportionment; defining terms; providing for the
    7         inclusion of omitted areas; providing contiguity for
    8         areas specified for inclusion in one district which
    9         are noncontiguous; specifying that the apportioned
   10         districts constitute the legislative districts of the
   11         state; specifying that electronic maps serve as the
   12         official maps of the legislative districts of the
   13         state; providing for the public availability of
   14         electronic maps; providing for severability of invalid
   15         portions; providing for application beginning in 2022.
   17  Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   19         Section 1. Official census for apportionment; definitions.—
   20         (1) In accordance with Section 8(a), Article X of the State
   21  Constitution, the United States Decennial Census of 2020 is the
   22  official census of the state for the purposes of this joint
   23  resolution.
   24         (2) The following delineation of representative and
   25  senatorial districts employs areas included within official
   26  county, tract, block group, and block boundary descriptions used
   27  by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the
   28  Census, in compiling the United States Decennial Census of 2020
   29  in this state. The populations within these census geographic
   30  units are the population figures reported in the counts of the
   31  United States Decennial Census of 2020 provided to the state in
   32  accordance with Pub. L. No. 94-171.
   33         (3) As used in this joint resolution, the term:
   34         (a)“Block” describes the smallest geographic unit for
   35  which population was tabulated in the 2020 decennial census.
   36  Blocks are nested within tracts and within block groups. A block
   37  is identified by a three-character number that is unique within
   38  a block group.
   39         (b) “Block equivalency file” describes a list of all blocks
   40  within the state and the representative or senatorial district
   41  number designated for each block. Blocks are listed by a 15
   42  character number that combines the five-character county-level
   43  Federal Information Processing System (FIPS) code, the six
   44  character tract number with leading zeros and an implied
   45  decimal, the single-character block group number, and the three
   46  character block number.
   47         (c) “Block group” describes a cluster of blocks within the
   48  same census tract. Block groups are nested within tracts, and
   49  are uniquely identified by a single character number with a
   50  valid range of 0 through 9.
   51         (d) “County” describes a legal governmental subdivision of
   52  the state. Boundaries of counties described in this joint
   53  resolution reflect those boundaries in effect as of January 1,
   54  2020.
   55         (e)“Geographical information systems map” describes an
   56  electronic map that represents the boundaries of representative
   57  and senatorial districts in a commonly accepted and readable
   58  format.
   59         (f) “Tract” describes a relatively permanent statistical
   60  subdivision of a county. Tracts are nested within counties, and
   61  are uniquely identified by an up to four-character number and a
   62  two-digit suffix identified by a decimal.
   63         Section 2. Representative districts.—For the election of
   64  members to the House of Representatives of this state, the state
   65  is apportioned into 120 consecutively numbered, single-member,
   66  representative districts of contiguous territory, to be
   67  designated by such numbers as follows:
   69         Section 3. Senatorial districts.—For the election of
   70  members to the Senate of this state, the state is apportioned
   71  into 40 consecutively numbered, single-member senatorial
   72  districts of contiguous territory, to be designated by such
   73  numbers as follows:
   75         Section 4. Territory not specified for inclusion in any
   76  district.—Any portion of the state which is not stated in this
   77  joint resolution as being included in any district described in
   78  this joint resolution but which is entirely surrounded by a
   79  district shall be deemed to be included within the surrounding
   80  district. Any portion of the state which is not included in any
   81  district described in this joint resolution and which is not
   82  entirely surrounded by a district shall be included within that
   83  district contiguous to the portion that contains the least
   84  population per legislator according to the United States
   85  Decennial Census of 2020; however, if every district contiguous
   86  to such portion has an equal population, such portion shall be
   87  included within the lowest-numbered district that is contiguous
   88  to such portion.
   89         Section 5. Territory specified for inclusion in one
   90  district which is noncontiguous.—If any district described in
   91  this joint resolution is composed of noncontiguous territory,
   92  the noncontiguous portion that has the least population shall be
   93  included in the district that is contiguous to such portion and
   94  that has the least population; however, if every district
   95  contiguous to such portion has an equal population, such portion
   96  shall be included within the lowest-numbered district that is
   97  contiguous to such portion.
   98         Section 6. Districts to constitute representative and
   99  senatorial districts of state.—The districts created by this
  100  joint resolution constitute and form the representative and
  101  senatorial districts of the state, and members of the
  102  Legislature shall be elected in and for these representative and
  103  senatorial districts as provided by law.
  104         Section 7. Electronic maps to serve as the official maps of
  105  representative and senatorial districts; availability.—
  106         (1) Geographical information systems maps and block
  107  equivalency files representing the boundaries of representative
  108  and senatorial districts described in this joint resolution
  109  shall serve as the official maps of the representative and
  110  senatorial districts of the state. In the event of any conflict
  111  between the descriptions of districts set forth in this joint
  112  resolution, geographical information systems maps, or block
  113  equivalency files, the descriptions in the block equivalency
  114  files shall prevail.
  115         (2) Within 10 days of a judgment of the Florida Supreme
  116  Court determining the apportionment provided for in this joint
  117  resolution to be valid, the geographical information systems
  118  maps and block equivalency files representing the boundaries of
  119  the representative and senatorial districts described in this
  120  joint resolution shall be made available to the public by the
  121  Office of Economic and Demographic Research.
  122         Section 8. Severability.—If any provision of this joint
  123  resolution or the application thereof to any person or
  124  circumstance is held invalid, or if any representative or
  125  senatorial district established in this joint resolution is held
  126  invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or
  127  applications of this joint resolution, or any other districts
  128  established in this joint resolution, which can be given effect
  129  without the invalid provision or application, and to this end
  130  the provisions of this joint resolution are severable.
  131         Section 9. Applicability.—This joint resolution applies
  132  with respect to the qualification, nomination, and election of
  133  members of the Legislature in the primary and general elections
  134  held in 2022 and thereafter.