Florida Senate - 2022                                     SB 102
       By Senator Rodrigues
       27-01187-22                                            2022102__
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act establishing the congressional districts of the
    3         state; amending s. 8.0001, F.S.; adopting the United
    4         States Decennial Census of 2020 as the official census
    5         of the state for use in redistricting the state’s
    6         congressional districts; defining terms; amending s.
    7         8.0002, F.S.; redistricting the state’s congressional
    8         districts in accordance with the United States
    9         Decennial Census of 2020 (plan _____); amending s.
   10         8.0111, F.S.; providing for the inclusion of unlisted
   11         territory in contiguous districts in accordance with
   12         figures from the United States Decennial Census of
   13         2020; reenacting s. 8.031, F.S., relating to the
   14         election of representatives to Congress; creating s.
   15         8.051, F.S.; specifying that certain electronic maps
   16         serve as the official maps of the congressional
   17         districts of the state; providing for construction;
   18         requiring such maps to be made available to the public
   19         by the Office of Economic and Demographic Research
   20         within a specified timeframe; reenacting s. 8.0611,
   21         F.S., relating to severability; amending s. 8.07,
   22         F.S.; providing for applicability; repealing ss. 8.08,
   23         8.081, 8.082, 8.083, 8.084, 8.085, 8.086, 8.087, and
   24         8.088, F.S.; deleting obsolete and superseded
   25         provisions relating to congressional districts enacted
   26         in Special Session A of the 2014 Legislature;
   27         providing effective dates.
   29  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   31         Section 1. Section 8.0001, Florida Statutes, is amended to
   32  read:
   33         (Substantial rewording of section. See
   34         s. 8.0001, F.S., for present text.)
   35         8.0001 Definitions.—In accordance with s. 8(a), Art. X of
   36  the State Constitution, the United States Decennial Census of
   37  2020 is the official census of the state for the purposes of
   38  congressional redistricting.
   39         (1) The following delineation of congressional districts
   40  employs areas included within official county, tract, block
   41  groups, and block boundary descriptions used by the United
   42  States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, in
   43  compiling the United States Decennial Census of 2020 in this
   44  state. The populations within these census geographic units are
   45  the population figures reported in the counts of the United
   46  States Decennial Census of 2020 provided to the state in
   47  accordance with Pub. L. No. 94-171.
   48         (2) As used in this chapter, the term:
   49         (a) “Block” describes the smallest geographic unit for
   50  which population was tabulated in the 2020 decennial census.
   51  Blocks are nested within tracts and within block groups. A block
   52  is identified by a three-character number that is unique within
   53  a block group.
   54         (b) “Block equivalency file” describes a list of all blocks
   55  within the state and the congressional district number
   56  designated for each block. Blocks are listed by a 15-character
   57  number that combines the five-character county-level Federal
   58  Information Processing (FIPS) code, the six-character tract
   59  number with leading zeros and an implied decimal, the single
   60  character block group number, and the three-character block
   61  number.
   62         (c) “Block group” describes a cluster of blocks within the
   63  same census tract. Block groups are nested within tracts, and
   64  are uniquely identified by a single character number with a
   65  valid range of 0 through 9.
   66         (d) “County” describes a legal governmental subdivision of
   67  the state. Boundaries of counties described in this chapter
   68  reflect those boundaries in effect as of January 1, 2020.
   69         (e) “Geographical information systems map” describes an
   70  electronic map that represents the boundaries of the
   71  congressional districts of the state in a commonly accepted and
   72  readable format.
   73         (f) “Tract” describes a relatively permanent statistical
   74  subdivision of a county. Tracts are nested within counties, and
   75  are uniquely identified by an up to four-character number and a
   76  two-digit suffix.
   77         Section 2. Section 8.0002, Florida Statutes, is amended to
   78  read:
   79         (Substantial rewording of section. See
   80         s. 8.0002, F.S., for present text.)
   81         8.0002 Division of state into congressional districts.—For
   82  the election of representatives to the United States House of
   83  Representatives, the state is divided into 28 consecutively
   84  numbered, single-member congressional districts of contiguous
   85  territory, to be designated by such numbers as follows:
   88         Section 3. Section 8.0111, Florida Statutes, is amended to
   89  read:
   90         8.0111 Inclusion of unlisted territory in contiguous
   91  districts.—Any portion of the state which is not stated in this
   92  chapter as being included in any district described in this
   93  chapter but which is entirely surrounded by a district shall be
   94  deemed to be included within the surrounding district. Any
   95  portion of the state which is not included in any district
   96  described in this chapter and which is not entirely surrounded
   97  by a district shall be included within that district contiguous
   98  to such portion that contains the least population per
   99  representative according to the United States Decennial Census
  100  of 2020 2010; however, if every district contiguous to such
  101  portion has an equal population, such portion shall be included
  102  within the lowest-numbered district that is contiguous to such
  103  portion.
  104         Section 4. Section 8.031, Florida Statutes, is reenacted to
  105  read:
  106         8.031 Election of representatives to Congress.—The
  107  districts named in s. 8.0002 constitute and form the
  108  congressional districts of the state, and a representative to
  109  the Congress shall be selected in and for each of the
  110  congressional districts as provided by law.
  111         Section 5. Effective upon becoming a law, section 8.051,
  112  Florida Statutes, is created to read:
  113         8.051 Electronic maps to serve as the official maps of
  114  congressional districts; availability.—
  115         (1) Geographical information systems maps and block
  116  equivalency files representing the boundaries of congressional
  117  districts described in this act shall serve as the official maps
  118  of the congressional districts of the state. In the event of any
  119  conflict between the descriptions of districts set forth in this
  120  act, geographical information systems maps, or block equivalency
  121  files, the descriptions in the block equivalency files shall
  122  prevail.
  123         (2) Within 10 days after the effective date of this act,
  124  the geographical information systems maps and block equivalency
  125  files representing the boundaries of the congressional districts
  126  described in this act shall be made available to the public by
  127  the Office of Economic and Demographic Research.
  128         Section 6. Section 8.0611, Florida Statutes, is reenacted
  129  to read:
  130         8.0611 Severability.—If any provision of this chapter is
  131  held invalid with respect to any person or circumstance, or if
  132  any congressional district established in this chapter is held
  133  invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or
  134  applications of the chapter or any other districts established
  135  in this chapter which can be given effect without the invalid
  136  provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this
  137  chapter are severable.
  138         Section 7. Effective upon becoming a law, section 8.07,
  139  Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
  140         8.07 Applicability.—The congressional districts prescribed
  141  in s. 8.0002 apply with respect to the qualification,
  142  nomination, and election to the office of representative to the
  143  Congress of the United States in the primary and general
  144  elections held in 2022 2012 and thereafter.
  145         Section 8. Effective upon becoming a law, sections 8.08,
  146  8.081, 8.082, 8.083, 8.084, 8.085, 8.086, 8.087, and 8.088,
  147  Florida Statutes, are repealed.
  148         Section 9. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this
  149  act and except for this section, which shall take effect upon
  150  this act becoming a law, this act shall take effect upon the
  151  expiration of the terms of the representatives to the United
  152  States House of Representatives serving on the date that this
  153  act becomes a law.