Florida Senate - 2022 SB 1124 By Senator Gruters 23-00841-22 20221124__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to preemption of local government wage 3 mandates; amending s. 218.077, F.S.; providing a short 4 title; providing legislative findings and 5 declarations; revising and defining terms; revising 6 prohibitions relating to political subdivisions 7 enacting, maintaining, or enforcing wage mandates in 8 an amount greater than the state minimum wage rate; 9 revising construction and applicability; providing an 10 effective date. 11 12 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 13 14 Section 1. Section 218.077, Florida Statutes, is amended to 15 read: 16 (Substantial rewording of section. See 17 s. 218.077, F.S., for present text.) 18 218.077 Wage Mandate Preemption Act.— 19 (1) This section may be cited as the “Wage Mandate 20 Preemption Act.” 21 (2) The Legislature finds and declares all of the 22 following: 23 (a) That economic stability and growth are among the most 24 important factors affecting the general welfare of the residents 25 of this state and are among the most important matters for which 26 the Legislature is responsible. 27 (b) That mandated wage rates comprise a major cost 28 component for private enterprises and are among the chief 29 factors affecting the economic stability and growth of this 30 state. 31 (c) That prevailing wage laws increase the costs of 32 government and business and diminish the number of jobs 33 generated by the economy. 34 (d) That local variations in mandated wage rates threaten 35 many businesses with a loss of employees to areas that require 36 higher mandated wage rates, threaten many other businesses with 37 the loss of patrons to areas that allow lower mandated wage 38 rates, and are detrimental to the business environment of this 39 state, to local labor markets, and to the citizens, businesses, 40 and governments of the political subdivisions of this state. 41 (e) That in order for businesses to remain competitive 42 while attracting and retaining the highest possible caliber of 43 employees, private enterprises in this state must be allowed to 44 function in a uniform environment with respect to mandated wage 45 rates. 46 (f) That legislated wage disparity between political 47 subdivisions of this state creates an anticompetitive 48 marketplace that fosters job and business relocation. 49 (g) That prevailing wage laws are most harmful to the 50 young, to minorities, and to other new or potential entrants to 51 the workplace. 52 (h) That prohibiting and repealing prevailing wage laws 53 will increase the efficiency of public investments, reduce the 54 cost of government, and eliminate government’s preferential 55 treatment. 56 (3) For the purposes of this section, the term: 57 (a) “Employ” has the same meaning as established under the 58 federal Fair Labor Standards Act and its implementing 59 regulations. 60 (b) “Employee” means any individual employed by an 61 employer. 62 (c) “Employer” means any person who employs employees. The 63 term includes, but is not limited to, any person acting directly 64 or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an 65 employee and includes a public agency other than the government 66 of the United States, as well as employers that have contracts 67 or subcontracts with a political subdivision or that have 68 received tax abatements, loan guarantees, or other financial 69 assistance from a political subdivision. 70 (d) “Political subdivision” includes, but is not limited 71 to, any municipality, city, county, village, school district, 72 special purpose district, or local government of this state. 73 (e) “Wage mandate” means any requirement enacted by a 74 political subdivision which requires an employer to pay any or 75 all of its employees a wage rate not otherwise required under 76 state or federal law. 77 (4) Except as provided in subsection (5), a political 78 subdivision may not enact, maintain, or enforce by charter, 79 ordinance, purchase agreement, contract, regulation, rule, or 80 resolution, either directly or indirectly, a wage mandate in an 81 amount greater than the state minimum wage rate calculated 82 pursuant to s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution. Any wage 83 mandate that conflicts with this subsection is void. 84 (5) Subsection (4) does not: 85 (a) Prohibit a political subdivision from enacting, 86 maintaining, or enforcing through a collective bargaining 87 agreement or other means a minimum wage requirement governing 88 compensation paid by the political subdivision to employees of 89 the political subdivision. 90 (b) Apply to a collective bargaining agreement negotiated 91 between a political subdivision and the bargaining 92 representative of the employees of the political subdivision. 93 (c) Limit, restrict, or expand a prevailing wage required 94 under state law. 95 (d) Apply if federal law requires the payment of a 96 prevailing or minimum wage to persons working on projects funded 97 in whole or in part by federal funds. 98 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.