Florida Senate - 2022 CS for SJR 1746 By the Committee on Finance and Tax; and Senator Brodeur 593-02944-22 20221746c1 1 Senate Joint Resolution 2 A joint resolution proposing an amendment to Section 6 3 of Article VII and the creation of a new section in 4 Article XII of the State Constitution to authorize the 5 Legislature, by general law, for all levies other than 6 school district levies, to grant an additional 7 homestead property tax exemption on $50,000 of the 8 assessed value of homestead property owned by 9 classroom teachers, law enforcement officers, 10 correctional officers, firefighters, child welfare 11 services professionals, active duty members of the 12 United States Armed Forces, and members of the Florida 13 National Guard. 14 15 Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 16 17 That the following amendment to Section 6 of Article VII 18 and the creation of a new section in Article XII of the State 19 Constitution are agreed to and shall be submitted to the 20 electors of this state for approval or rejection at the next 21 general election or at an earlier special election specifically 22 authorized by law for that purpose: 23 ARTICLE VII 24 FINANCE AND TAXATION 25 SECTION 6. Homestead exemptions.— 26 (a) Every person who has the legal or equitable title to 27 real estate and maintains thereon the permanent residence of the 28 owner, or another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner, 29 shall be exempt from taxation thereon, except assessments for 30 special benefits, up to the assessed valuation of twenty-five 31 thousand dollars and, for all levies other than school district 32 levies, on the assessed valuation greater than fifty thousand 33 dollars and up to seventy-five thousand dollars, upon 34 establishment of right thereto in the manner prescribed by law. 35 The real estate may be held by legal or equitable title, by the 36 entireties, jointly, in common, as a condominium, or indirectly 37 by stock ownership or membership representing the owner’s or 38 member’s proprietary interest in a corporation owning a fee or a 39 leasehold initially in excess of ninety-eight years. The 40 exemption shall not apply with respect to any assessment roll 41 until such roll is first determined to be in compliance with the 42 provisions of section 4 by a state agency designated by general 43 law. This exemption is repealed on the effective date of any 44 amendment to this Article which provides for the assessment of 45 homestead property at less than just value. 46 (b) Not more than one exemption shall be allowed any 47 individual or family unit or with respect to any residential 48 unit. No exemption shall exceed the value of the real estate 49 assessable to the owner or, in case of ownership through stock 50 or membership in a corporation, the value of the proportion 51 which the interest in the corporation bears to the assessed 52 value of the property. 53 (c) By general law and subject to conditions specified 54 therein, the Legislature may provide to renters, who are 55 permanent residents, ad valorem tax relief on all ad valorem tax 56 levies. Such ad valorem tax relief shall be in the form and 57 amount established by general law. 58 (d) The legislature may, by general law, allow counties or 59 municipalities, for the purpose of their respective tax levies 60 and subject to the provisions of general law, to grant either or 61 both of the following additional homestead tax exemptions: 62 (1) An exemption not exceeding fifty thousand dollars to a 63 person who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and 64 maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, who has 65 attained age sixty-five, and whose household income, as defined 66 by general law, does not exceed twenty thousand dollars; or 67 (2) An exemption equal to the assessed value of the 68 property to a person who has the legal or equitable title to 69 real estate with a just value less than two hundred and fifty 70 thousand dollars, as determined in the first tax year that the 71 owner applies and is eligible for the exemption, and who has 72 maintained thereon the permanent residence of the owner for not 73 less than twenty-five years, who has attained age sixty-five, 74 and whose household income does not exceed the income limitation 75 prescribed in paragraph (1). 76 77 The general law must allow counties and municipalities to grant 78 these additional exemptions, within the limits prescribed in 79 this subsection, by ordinance adopted in the manner prescribed 80 by general law, and must provide for the periodic adjustment of 81 the income limitation prescribed in this subsection for changes 82 in the cost of living. 83 (e)(1) Each veteran who is age 65 or older who is partially 84 or totally permanently disabled shall receive a discount from 85 the amount of the ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead 86 property the veteran owns and resides in if the disability was 87 combat related and the veteran was honorably discharged upon 88 separation from military service. The discount shall be in a 89 percentage equal to the percentage of the veteran’s permanent, 90 service-connected disability as determined by the United States 91 Department of Veterans Affairs. To qualify for the discount 92 granted by this paragraph, an applicant must submit to the 93 county property appraiser, by March 1, an official letter from 94 the United States Department of Veterans Affairs stating the 95 percentage of the veteran’s service-connected disability and 96 such evidence that reasonably identifies the disability as 97 combat related and a copy of the veteran’s honorable discharge. 98 If the property appraiser denies the request for a discount, the 99 appraiser must notify the applicant in writing of the reasons 100 for the denial, and the veteran may reapply. The Legislature 101 may, by general law, waive the annual application requirement in 102 subsequent years. 103 (2) If a veteran who receives the discount described in 104 paragraph (1) predeceases his or her spouse, and if, upon the 105 death of the veteran, the surviving spouse holds the legal or 106 beneficial title to the homestead property and permanently 107 resides thereon, the discount carries over to the surviving 108 spouse until he or she remarries or sells or otherwise disposes 109 of the homestead property. If the surviving spouse sells or 110 otherwise disposes of the property, a discount not to exceed the 111 dollar amount granted from the most recent ad valorem tax roll 112 may be transferred to the surviving spouse’s new homestead 113 property, if used as his or her permanent residence and he or 114 she has not remarried. 115 (3) This subsection is self-executing and does not require 116 implementing legislation. 117 (f) By general law and subject to conditions and 118 limitations specified therein, the Legislature may provide ad 119 valorem tax relief equal to the total amount or a portion of the 120 ad valorem tax otherwise owed on homestead property to: 121 (1) The surviving spouse of a veteran who died from 122 service-connected causes while on active duty as a member of the 123 United States Armed Forces. 124 (2) The surviving spouse of a first responder who died in 125 the line of duty. 126 (3) A first responder who is totally and permanently 127 disabled as a result of an injury or injuries sustained in the 128 line of duty. Causal connection between a disability and service 129 in the line of duty shall not be presumed but must be determined 130 as provided by general law. For purposes of this paragraph, the 131 term “disability” does not include a chronic condition or 132 chronic disease, unless the injury sustained in the line of duty 133 was the sole cause of the chronic condition or chronic disease. 134 135 As used in this subsection and as further defined by general 136 law, the term “first responder” means a law enforcement officer, 137 a correctional officer, a firefighter, an emergency medical 138 technician, or a paramedic, and the term “in the line of duty” 139 means arising out of and in the actual performance of duty 140 required by employment as a first responder. 141 (g) By general law and subject to conditions and 142 limitations specified therein, for all levies other than school 143 district levies, the Legislature may provide an additional 144 homestead exemption on the assessed valuation of greater than 145 one hundred thousand dollars and up to one hundred fifty 146 thousand dollars to a classroom teacher, a law enforcement 147 officer, a correctional officer, a firefighter, a child welfare 148 services professional, an active duty member of the United 149 States Armed Forces, or a member of the Florida National Guard 150 who has the legal or equitable title to real estate and 151 maintains thereon the permanent residence of the owner, or 152 another legally or naturally dependent upon the owner. 153 ARTICLE XII 154 SCHEDULE 155 Additional homestead property tax exemption for specified 156 critical public services workforce.—This section and the 157 amendment to Section 6 of Article VII, authorizing the 158 legislature, for all levies other than school district levies, 159 to grant an additional homestead property tax exemption on 160 $50,000 of the assessed value of homestead property owned by 161 classroom teachers, law enforcement officers, correctional 162 officers, firefighters, child welfare services professionals, 163 active duty members of the United States Armed Forces, and 164 members of the Florida National Guard, shall take effect January 165 1, 2023. 166 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the following statement be 167 placed on the ballot: 168 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT 169 ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6 170 ARTICLE XII 171 ADDITIONAL HOMESTEAD PROPERTY TAX EXEMPTION FOR SPECIFIED 172 CRITICAL PUBLIC SERVICES WORKFORCE.—Proposing an amendment to 173 the State Constitution to authorize the Legislature, by general 174 law, to grant an additional homestead tax exemption for non 175 school taxes of up to $50,000 of the assessed value of homestead 176 property owned by classroom teachers, law enforcement officers, 177 correctional officers, firefighters, child welfare services 178 professionals, active duty members of the United States Armed 179 Forces, and members of the Florida National Guard. This 180 amendment shall take effect January 1, 2023.