Florida Senate - 2022 SB 1756
By Senator Torres
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to the Department of Labor; creating
3 s. 20.71, F.S.; creating the Department of Labor as a
4 new department of state government; providing for the
5 secretary of the department to be appointed by the
6 Governor and confirmed by the Senate; authorizing the
7 secretary to establish divisions and regional offices
8 of the department; providing the purpose of the
9 department; authorizing the department to adopt rules;
10 amending s. 448.109, F.S.; revising requirements for
11 notifying employees of certain rights; conforming
12 provisions to changes made by the act; amending s.
13 448.110, F.S.; designating the Department of Labor as
14 the state Agency for Workforce Innovation for purposes
15 of implementing s. 24, Art. X of the State
16 Constitution; defining terms; revising the protected
17 rights of employees; creating a rebuttable presumption
18 and burden of proof for an employer; providing
19 applicability; prohibiting a person or entity from
20 entering into certain contracts relating to labor or
21 services under certain circumstances; authorizing and
22 providing the department certain powers to conduct
23 investigations, issue citations, and enforce and
24 collect judgments by certain means; providing for
25 appropriate relief, including injunctive relief, under
26 certain circumstances; providing a process for review
27 of a citation, levy, or stop-order issued by the
28 department; providing civil and criminal penalties;
29 tolling the statute of limitations during an
30 investigation; providing liability; requiring and
31 authorizing the department to take certain actions
32 relating to judgments against employers; requiring all
33 employers, client employers, and labor contractors to
34 create certain records documenting their compliance
35 with specified laws and maintain the records for a
36 specified length of time; requiring employers, client
37 employers, and labor contractors to allow the
38 department reasonable access to the records;
39 authorizing the department to partner with other
40 entities for administration and enforcement purposes;
41 requiring the department to establish an outreach and
42 education partnership program, subject to an
43 appropriation by the Legislature; providing duties and
44 powers of such program; creating s. 448.111, F.S.;
45 creating the Department of Labor Community Advisory
46 Board within the department; providing for membership,
47 meetings, and duties of the advisory board; requiring
48 an annual report to the Secretary of Labor, the
49 Governor, and the Legislature; providing an effective
52 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
54 Section 1. Section 20.71, Florida Statutes, is created to
56 20.71 Department of Labor; creation; powers and duties.—
57 (1) There is created the Department of Labor.
58 (2) The head of the department is the Secretary of Labor,
59 who shall be appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation
60 by the Senate. The secretary shall serve at the pleasure of and
61 report to the Governor.
62 (3) The secretary may create divisions within the
63 department and allocate various functions of the department
64 among such divisions.
65 (4)(a) The headquarters of the department shall be located
66 in Tallahassee. However, the department may establish regional
67 offices throughout the state as the secretary deems necessary
68 for the efficient operation of the department in accomplishing
69 its purpose.
70 (b) The purpose of the department is to enforce s. 24, Art.
71 X of the State Constitution, s. 448.110, and any other law that
72 the department has enforcement authority over as designated by
73 the Legislature.
74 (5) The department may adopt rules as necessary to carry
75 out the functions and purposes of the department.
76 Section 2. Paragraph (a) of subsection (3) of section
77 448.109, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
78 448.109 Notification of the state minimum wage.—
79 (3)(a) Each year the Department of Labor
80 Economic Opportunity shall, on or before December 1, create and
81 make available to employers a poster in English, and in Spanish,
82 and any other languages, as necessary, which gives notice of all
83 of the following:
84 1. The right to the minimum wage as provided by s. 24, Art.
85 X of the State Constitution and s. 448.110.
86 2. The right to be protected from retaliation for
87 exercising in good faith any right protected under s. 24, Art. X
88 of the State Constitution and s. 448.110.
89 3. The right to file a complaint with the Department of
90 Labor or bring a civil action for a violation of s. 24, Art. X
91 of the State Constitution or s. 448.110. which reads
92 substantially as follows:
93 NOTICE TO EMPLOYEES
94 The Florida minimum wage is $ ...(amount)... per hour, with a
95 minimum wage of at least $ ...(amount)... per hour for tipped
96 employees, in addition to tips, for January 1, ...(year)...,
97 through December 31, ...(year)....
98 The rate of the minimum wage is recalculated yearly on September
99 30, based on the Consumer Price Index. Every year on January 1
100 the new Florida minimum wage takes effect.
101 An employer may not retaliate against an employee for exercising
102 his or her right to receive the minimum wage. Rights protected
103 by the State Constitution include the right to:
104 1. File a complaint about an employer’s alleged noncompliance
105 with lawful minimum wage requirements.
106 2. Inform any person about an employer’s alleged noncompliance
107 with lawful minimum wage requirements.
108 3. Inform any person of his or her potential rights under
109 Section 24, Article X of the State Constitution and to
110 assist him or her in asserting such rights.
111 An employee who has not received the lawful minimum wage after
112 notifying his or her employer and giving the employer 15 days to
113 resolve any claims for unpaid wages may bring a civil action in
114 a court of law against an employer to recover back wages plus
115 damages and attorney’s fees.
116 An employer found liable for intentionally violating minimum
117 wage requirements is subject to a fine of $1,000 per violation,
118 payable to the state.
119 The Attorney General or other official designated by the
120 Legislature may bring a civil action to enforce the minimum
122 For details see Section 24, Article X of the State Constitution .
123 Section 3. Section 448.110, Florida Statutes, is amended to
125 448.110 State minimum wage; annual wage adjustment;
127 (1) This section may be cited as the “Florida Minimum Wage
129 (2) The purpose of this section is to provide measures
130 appropriate for the implementation of s. 24, Art. X of the State
131 Constitution, in accordance with authority granted to the
132 Legislature under pursuant to s. 24(f), Art. X of the State
133 Constitution. To implement s. 24, Art. X of the State
134 Constitution, the Department of Labor Department of Economic
135 Opportunity is designated as the state Agency for Workforce
137 (3) As used in this section, the term:
138 (a) “Adverse action” means the discharge, suspension,
139 transfer, or demotion of an employee; the withholding of wages,
140 bonuses, benefits, or workable hours; filing, or threatening to
141 file, a false report with a government agency or engaging in
142 unfair immigration-related practices; or any other adverse
143 action taken against an employee within the terms and conditions
144 of employment by an employer.
145 (b) “Client employer” means a business entity, regardless
146 of its form, that obtains or is provided employees to perform
147 labor within its usual course of business from a labor
148 contractor. The term does not include:
149 1. A business entity with a workforce of 25 or fewer
150 employees, including employees hired directly by the client
151 employer and those obtained from or provided by a labor
153 2. A business entity with a workforce of 5 or fewer
154 employees supplied by a labor contractor to the client employer
155 at any given time.
156 3. The state or a political subdivision of the state.
157 (c) “Department” means the Department of Labor as created
158 in s. 20.71.
159 (d) “Employee” has the same meaning as established under
160 the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and its implementing
161 regulations in effect on July 1, 2022.
162 (e) “Employer” has the same meaning as established under
163 the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and its implementing
164 regulations in effect on July 1, 2022.
165 (f) “Judgment debtor” means each person who is liable on a
166 judgment or order to pay a sum of money which remains
168 (g) “Labor contractor” means a person or entity that
169 supplies, with or without a contract, a client employer with
170 employees to perform labor within the client employer’s usual
171 course of business. The term does not include a bona fide
172 nonprofit, community-based organization that provides services
173 to employees or a labor organization or an apprenticeship
174 program operating under a collective bargaining agreement.
175 (h) “Usual course of business” means the regular and
176 customary work of a business performed within or upon the
177 premises or worksite of the client employer.
178 (4) (3) Effective May 2, 2005, employers shall pay employees
179 a minimum wage at an hourly rate of $6.15 for all hours worked
180 in Florida. Only those individuals entitled to receive the
181 federal minimum wage under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act
182 and its implementing regulations shall be eligible to receive
183 the state minimum wage under pursuant to s. 24, Art. X of the
184 State Constitution and this section. Sections 213 and 214 The
185 provisions of ss. 213 and 214 of the federal Fair Labor
186 Standards Act, as interpreted by applicable federal regulations
187 and implemented by the Secretary of Labor, are incorporated
189 (5)(a) (4)(a) Beginning September 30, 2005, and annually on
190 September 30 thereafter, the department of Economic Opportunity
191 shall calculate an adjusted state minimum wage rate by
192 increasing the state minimum wage by the rate of inflation for
193 the 12 months prior to September 1. In calculating the adjusted
194 state minimum wage, the department of Economic Opportunity shall
195 use the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
196 Workers, not seasonally adjusted, for the South Region or a
197 successor index as calculated by the United States Department of
198 Labor. Each adjusted state minimum wage rate shall take effect
199 on the following January 1, with the initial adjusted minimum
200 wage rate to take effect on January 1, 2006.
201 (b) The Department of Revenue and the department of
202 Economic Opportunity shall annually publish the amount of the
203 adjusted state minimum wage and the effective date. Publication
204 shall occur by posting the adjusted state minimum wage rate and
205 the effective date on the Internet home pages of the department
206 of Economic Opportunity and the Department of Revenue by October
207 15 of each year. In addition, to the extent funded in the
208 General Appropriations Act, the department of Economic
209 Opportunity shall provide written notice of the adjusted rate
210 and the effective date of the adjusted state minimum wage to all
211 employers registered in the most current reemployment assistance
212 database. Such notice shall be mailed by November 15 of each
213 year using the addresses included in the database. Employers are
214 responsible for maintaining current address information in the
215 reemployment assistance database. The department of Economic
216 Opportunity is not responsible for failure to provide notice due
217 to incorrect or incomplete address information in the database.
218 The department of Economic Opportunity shall provide the
219 Department of Revenue with the adjusted state minimum wage rate
220 information and effective date in a timely manner.
221 (6)(a) (5) It is shall be unlawful for an employer or any
222 other party to discriminate in any manner or take adverse action
223 against any person in retaliation for exercising rights
224 protected under pursuant to s. 24, Art. X of the State
225 Constitution or this section.
226 (b) Rights protected under s. 24, Art. X of the State
227 Constitution and this section include, but are not limited to: ,
228 1. The right to file a complaint or inform any person of
229 his or her potential rights under pursuant to s. 24, Art. X of
230 the State Constitution or this section and to assist such person
231 him or her in asserting his or her such rights.
232 2. The right to inform a person’s employer, union or other
233 similar organization, legal counsel, or any other person about
234 an alleged violation of s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution
235 or this section.
236 3. The right to file a complaint with the department or
237 file a civil action for an alleged violation of s. 24, Art. X of
238 the State Constitution or this section.
239 4. The right to cooperate with any investigation conducted
240 under this section and to testify in any proceeding or action
241 brought under this section.
242 5. The right to refuse to participate in an activity that
243 violates city, state, or federal law.
244 6. The right to oppose any policy, practice, or act that
245 violates s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution or this
247 (c) There is a rebuttable presumption that an employer has
248 violated s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution or this section
249 if the employer takes adverse action against an employee within
250 90 days after the employee exercises a right under paragraph
251 (b). If an employee is a seasonal worker and his or her work
252 ended before the end of the 90-day period, the rebuttable
253 presumption applies if the employer fails to rehire the seasonal
254 worker in the same position at the next opportunity. The
255 rebuttable presumption may be overcome by clear and convincing
257 (d) The protections provided under this section apply to
258 any employee who alleges a violation of s. 24, Art. X of the
259 State Constitution or this section in good faith. Any complaint
260 or other communication by an employee alleging a violation of s.
261 24, Art. X of the State Constitution or this section triggers
262 the protections under this section even if the complaint or
263 communication does not specifically reference this section.
264 (e) An employee who believes he or she has been
265 discriminated or retaliated against for exercising a right under
266 s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution or this section may file
267 a complaint with the department or a civil action within 4 years
268 after the alleged violation or, in the case of a willful
269 violation, within 5 years after the alleged violation.
270 (7) An employer has the burden of proving that a person is
271 an independent contractor and not an employee. A person who
272 receives remuneration for services provided is considered an
273 employee unless the employer proves all of the following:
274 (a) The person is free from control or direction by the
275 employer over the performance of such service.
276 (b) The service provided by the person is outside the usual
277 course of business of the employer.
278 (c) The person is customarily engaged in an independently
279 established trade, occupation, profession, or business.
280 (8) A person or entity may not enter into a contract or
281 agreement with an independent contractor for labor or services
282 if the person or entity knows or should know that the contract
283 or agreement does not include funds sufficient to allow the
284 independent contractor to comply with all applicable local,
285 state, and federal laws or regulations governing the labor or
286 services to be provided.
287 (9)(a) The department may commence investigations, actions,
288 and proceedings necessary to enforce this section. The
289 department has the sole discretion whether to investigate an
290 employer to determine if a violation of this section has
292 (b) In order to encourage a person or organization to
293 report a suspected violation of this section, the department:
294 1. Shall keep the name and other identifying information
295 about the reporter confidential to the extent permitted by law.
296 The department may disclose the reporter’s name or
297 identification with the written consent of the reporter.
298 2. Shall provide a notice form to an employer being
299 investigated, which must be posted in a conspicuous and
300 accessible location at the workplace, notifying the employees
301 that the department is conducting an investigation under this
302 section. The notice form must be in English and any other
303 language that is the primary language of a majority of the
304 employees in the workplace. If displaying the notice form is not
305 feasible, the employer must provide the notice form to each
306 employee through electronic means and also provide each employee
307 a physical copy of the notice form.
308 3. May certify the eligibility of a person for a visa under
309 8 U.S.C. s. 1184(p) and 8 U.S.C. s. 1101(a)(15)(U), subject to
310 applicable federal law and regulations, and other rules issued
311 by the department.
312 (10)(a) During an investigation under this section, the
313 department has the power to:
314 1. Enter and inspect the workplace.
315 2. Inspect and make copies of papers, books, accounts,
316 records, payroll, and other documents necessary to further its
318 3. Question witnesses under oath and in a private location.
319 4. Issue subpoenas to compel the attendance and testimony
320 of witnesses and the production of papers, books, accounts,
321 records, payroll, and other documents necessary to further its
323 5. Take depositions and affidavits.
324 6. Investigate any facts, conditions, practices, or matters
325 as the department deems appropriate to determine whether a
326 violation of this section has occurred.
327 (b) If an employer fails to comply with a lawfully issued
328 subpoena or if a witness refuses to testify or be questioned,
329 the department may request that the court compel compliance by
330 initiating a proceeding for contempt. The court shall take
331 judicial notice under s. 90.202(13) of the department’s seal,
332 “Department of Labor-State of Florida,” and shall enforce any
333 subpoena issued by the Secretary of Labor or his or her
334 representative under such seal.
335 (c) During an administrative or civil proceeding under this
336 section, an employer may not introduce any documentation as
337 evidence that was not provided to the department.
338 (11)(a) During the course of an investigation under this
339 section, the department or the Attorney General may seek
340 injunctive relief upon a finding of reasonable cause that a
341 violation has occurred.
342 (b) When determining whether injunctive relief is
343 appropriate, the court shall consider any direct harm to an
344 employee from a violation of this section and the chilling
345 effect on other employees attempting to assert their rights
346 under this section. Reasonable cause exists for a court to issue
347 an injunction if an employee has faced adverse action for
348 asserting his or her rights under this section.
349 (c) A temporary injunction remains in effect until the
350 department issues a citation to the employer or until the
351 completion of an administrative hearing, whichever is longer, or
352 until a time certain set by the court. A temporary injunction
353 does not prohibit an employer from taking adverse action against
354 an employee for conduct unrelated to an alleged violation of
355 this section.
356 (d) The court may issue a preliminary or permanent
357 injunction if it determines such injunction is just and proper.
358 (12)(a) If a violation of this section is found during an
359 investigation and the violation has not been remedied by the end
360 of the investigation, the department shall issue a citation to
361 the employer. The citation must be in writing and describe the
362 nature of the violation and include any and all appropriate
363 relief. Appropriate relief includes requiring an employer to
364 cease and desist; to take any action necessary to remedy the
365 violation, such as rehiring or reinstating an employee,
366 reimbursing lost wages, or paying liquidated damages or other
367 fines and penalties; to take training classes relating to
368 compliance with this section; or to submit to compliance
369 monitoring by the department. The department shall serve the
370 citation in a manner provided by the Florida Rules of Civil
371 Procedure. The citation must advise the employer of his or her
372 right to an administrative hearing to have the citation
374 (b) Within 30 days after service of a citation, an employer
375 must comply with all appropriate relief specified in the
376 citation or may obtain review of the citation by providing a
377 written request for review to the office of the Secretary of
378 Labor. Upon receipt of a written request for review, the
379 Secretary of Labor shall assign the citation to an
380 administrative law judge to conduct a hearing and issue a
381 written decision. Hearings conducted under this subsection are
382 governed by the department and the rules of practice and
383 procedure adopted by the department.
384 (c) An administrative hearing must commence within 90 days
385 after receipt of a timely submitted request for review. The
386 administrative law judge must render a written decision within
387 90 days after the conclusion of the hearing. The decision must
388 include a statement of findings, conclusions of law, and a
389 recommended order that specifies all appropriate relief as
390 authorized under paragraph (a), including the amount required
391 for an appeal bond should the employer choose to obtain review
392 of the order issued under paragraph (d). The decision must be
393 served on all parties in a manner provided by the Florida Rules
394 of Civil Procedure. If the recommended order includes a monetary
395 remedy, the amount is due 45 days after the written decision is
396 properly served on the employer.
397 (d)1. An employer may obtain review of the written decision
398 and order issued under paragraph (c) by filing a petition for a
399 writ of mandamus to a court having jurisdiction within 45 days
400 after service of the decision. If a petition for a writ of
401 mandamus is not filed within the appropriate time, the
402 recommended order in the written decision becomes final.
403 2. Before an employer may obtain review of the decision, he
404 or she must post an appeal bond, in the amount specified in the
405 recommended order, issued by a licensed surety or as a cash
406 deposit with the court. The employer shall provide written
407 notice to the department and any other parties of the posting of
408 the appeal bond.
409 3. A court may overturn a decision based on abuse of
410 discretion. An employer establishes an abuse of discretion if he
411 or she alleges that the findings are not supported by the
412 evidence and the court determines that the findings are not
413 supported by substantial evidence when looking at the entire
415 4. If the court issues an order in favor of the aggrieved
416 party or if the appeal is withdrawn or dismissed without entry
417 of judgment, the employer is liable for the relief specified in
418 the written decision from the administrative hearing, unless the
419 parties execute a settlement agreement, in which case the
420 employer is liable for the relief specified in the settlement
421 agreement. If the written decision from the administrative
422 hearing or the settlement agreement provides for monetary
423 relief, and the employer fails to pay the amount owed within 10
424 days after entry of a judgment, dismissal or withdrawal of the
425 appeal, or the execution of a settlement agreement, a portion of
426 the appeal bond equal to the amount owed, or the entire appeal
427 bond if the amount owed exceeds the amount of the bond, shall be
428 paid to the aggrieved party.
429 5. If the employer does not request review of the citation
430 under paragraph (b), file a writ of mandamus under subparagraph
431 1., or post the appeal bond as required in subparagraph 2., and
432 the time to do so has expired, or if the petition for a writ of
433 mandamus is dismissed or withdrawn without entry of judgment,
434 the clerk of the court shall certify a copy of the citation or
435 written decision and order issued by the department or by the
436 administrative law judge, respectively, and enter judgment for
437 the state or aggrieved party. The judgment has the same force
438 and effect as a judgment entered in a civil action and may be
439 enforced in the same manner as any other judgment of the court.
440 The court must give priority to petitions to enforce a judgment
441 entered under this section.
442 6. If an employer fails to comply with a citation or final
443 order, whether issued by the department, administrative law
444 judge, or court, and has exhausted all reviews or appeals or the
445 time to file a review or appeal has expired, the department or
446 the Attorney General may commence and prosecute a civil action
447 to recover unpaid wages, including interest, fines, or
448 penalties; equitable relief; or liquidated damages owed to an
449 aggrieved person. The prevailing party is entitled to applicable
450 fines or civil penalties and reasonable attorney fees and costs.
451 (6)(a) Any person aggrieved by a violation of this section
452 may bring a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction
453 against an employer violating this section or a party violating
454 subsection (5). However, prior to bringing any claim for unpaid
455 minimum wages pursuant to this section, the person aggrieved
456 shall notify the employer alleged to have violated this section,
457 in writing, of an intent to initiate such an action. The notice
458 must identify the minimum wage to which the person aggrieved
459 claims entitlement, the actual or estimated work dates and hours
460 for which payment is sought, and the total amount of alleged
461 unpaid wages through the date of the notice .
462 (b) The employer shall have 15 calendar days after receipt
463 of the notice to pay the total amount of unpaid wages or
464 otherwise resolve the claim to the satisfaction of the person
465 aggrieved. The statute of limitations for bringing an action
466 pursuant to this section shall be tolled during this 15-day
467 period. If the employer fails to pay the total amount of unpaid
468 wages or otherwise resolve the claim to the satisfaction of the
469 person aggrieved, then the person aggrieved may bring a claim
470 for unpaid minimum wages, the terms of which must be consistent
471 with the contents of the notice.
472 (13)(a) (c)1. Upon prevailing in a civil an action brought
473 under paragraph (6)(e) pursuant to this section, aggrieved
474 persons shall recover the full amount of any unpaid back wages,
475 plus interest, unlawfully withheld plus up to two times the
476 unpaid wages the same amount as liquidated damages and shall be
477 awarded reasonable attorney attorney’s fees and costs.
478 Additionally, As provided under the federal Fair Labor Standards
479 Act, pursuant to s. 11 of the Portal-to-Portal Act of 1947, 29
480 U.S.C. s. 260, if the employer proves by a preponderance of the
481 evidence that the act or omission giving rise to such action was
482 in good faith and that the employer had reasonable grounds for
483 believing that his or her act or omission was not a violation of
484 s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution, the court may, in its
485 sound discretion, award no liquidated damages or award any
486 amount thereof not to exceed an amount equal to the amount of
487 unpaid minimum wages. The court shall not award any economic
488 damages on a claim for unpaid minimum wages not expressly
489 authorized in this section.
490 2. Upon prevailing in an action brought pursuant to this
491 section , aggrieved persons are shall also be entitled to such
492 legal or equitable relief as may be appropriate to remedy the
493 violation, including, without limitation, reinstatement in
494 employment and injunctive relief. However, any entitlement to
495 legal or equitable relief in an action brought under s. 24, Art.
496 X of the State Constitution or this section may shall not
497 include punitive damages.
498 (b) If an employer is found to have willfully violated s.
499 24, Art. X of the State Constitution or this section, the
500 department, administrative law judge, or court may impose a fine
501 of $1,000 per violation payable to the state.
502 (c) Any employer or other person found to have hindered,
503 prevented, impeded, or interfered with the department or
504 administrative hearing body in the performance of their duties
505 is subject to a civil penalty of not less than $1,000 and not
506 more than $5,000, which may be assessed by the department,
507 administrative law judge, or court.
508 (d) If the department, administrative law judge, or court
509 finds that an employer took adverse action or retaliated against
510 an employee in violation of subsection (6):
511 1. The department, administrative law judge, or court may
512 order reinstatement of the aggrieved party, front pay in lieu of
513 reinstatement, back pay, liquidated damages up to two times the
514 amount of the unpaid wages, and other compensatory damages as
516 2. The department, administrative law judge, or court may
517 impose an administrative penalty not to exceed $5,000 payable to
518 the aggrieved party.
519 (e) (d) Any civil action brought under s. 24, Art. X of the
520 State Constitution and this section is shall be subject to s.
522 (7) The Attorney General may bring a civil action to
523 enforce this section. The Attorney General may seek injunctive
524 relief. In addition to injunctive relief, or in lieu thereof,
525 for any employer or other person found to have willfully
526 violated this section, the Attorney General may seek to impose a
527 fine of $1,000 per violation, payable to the state.
528 (14) (8) The statute of limitations for an action brought
529 under pursuant to this section is shall be for the period of
530 time specified in s. 95.11 beginning on the date the alleged
531 violation occurred. The statute of limitations applicable to an
532 action under this section is tolled during the department’s
533 investigation and any administrative enforcement under this
535 (15) (9) Actions brought under pursuant to this section may
536 be brought as a class action pursuant to Rule 1.220, Florida
537 Rules of Civil Procedure. In any class action brought under
538 pursuant to this section, the plaintiffs must shall prove, by a
539 preponderance of the evidence, the individual identity of each
540 class member and the individual damages of each class member.
541 (16) (10) This section is shall constitute the exclusive
542 remedy under state law for violations of s. 24, Art. X of the
543 State Constitution.
544 (17) The department shall make reasonable efforts to ensure
545 that judgments against an employer are satisfied and may use any
546 remedy that is available to a judgment creditor to collect an
547 unsatisfied judgment. The department may collect wages, damages,
548 and other monetary remedies on behalf of an employee. The
549 department acts as the trustee of any unsatisfied judgment it
550 collects and shall deposit such wages, damages, or other
551 monetary remedy in the appropriate fund as provided by rule. The
552 department shall conduct a diligent search for any employee for
553 whom it collects an unsatisfied judgment.
554 (18)(a) Beginning on the 20th day after a judgment is
555 entered by the clerk of the court under paragraph (12)(d) or
556 otherwise by a court of competent jurisdiction in favor of the
557 department, the department may issue a notice of levy on all
558 persons having in their possession or under their control any
559 credits, money, or property belonging to the judgment debtor. If
560 the levy is made on credits, money, or property in the
561 possession or under the control of a bank, savings and loan
562 association, or other financial institution as defined in 42
563 U.S.C. s. 669a(d)(1), the notice of levy may be mailed or hand
564 delivered to a centralized location designated by the bank,
565 savings and loan association, or other financial institution.
566 (b) Any person who receives a notice of levy shall
567 surrender the credits, money, or property to the department or
568 pay to the department the amount of any debt owed within 10 days
569 after service of the levy. Any person who surrenders to the
570 department any credits, money, or property of the judgment
571 debtor is discharged from any obligation or liability to the
572 judgment debtor relating to the amount paid to the department.
573 (c) Any person who receives a notice of levy from the
574 department and fails or refuses to surrender any credits, money,
575 or property of the judgment debtor is liable to the department
576 for the amount specified in the notice of levy.
577 (d) Any fees, commissions, expenses, or costs associated
578 with the sale of property levied under this subsection are the
579 obligation of the judgment debtor and may be collected by virtue
580 of the levy or in any other manner as though the fees,
581 commissions, expenses, or costs were part of the judgment.
582 (e) The department may create a lien on any real or
583 personal property of an employer found in violation of s. 24,
584 Art. X of the State Constitution or this section. The department
585 shall release the lien upon final satisfaction of any judgment
586 entered in favor of an aggrieved party or the department, or
587 upon adjudication of the claim in favor of the employer. A lien
588 created under this paragraph lasts 10 years after the date it is
589 created unless the lien is satisfied or released. A lien created
590 under this paragraph is in addition to any other rights
591 available to an aggrieved party or the department.
592 (19)(a) If a citation issued by the department, written
593 decision and order issued by an administrative law judge, or
594 final judgment awarded under this section remains unsatisfied 30
595 days after all reviews and appeals have been exhausted or the
596 time to request a review or file an appeal has expired, the
597 department may issue a stop-order prohibiting the employer from
598 conducting business in the state using employee labor, including
599 conducting business using the labor of another business,
600 contractor, or subcontractor instead of the labor of an
601 employee, until the judgment is satisfied. The stop-order is
602 effective upon receipt of the order and the employer must pay
603 employees up to 10 days of lost wages due to the stop-order.
604 (b) An employer may appeal the stop-order by filing, within
605 20 days after receipt of the stop-order, a written request with
606 the department for an administrative hearing. The hearing must
607 be held within 5 days after receipt of the written request, at
608 which time the stop-order shall be affirmed or dismissed and the
609 department shall serve a written notice of findings on all
610 parties within 24 hours after the conclusion of the hearing. A
611 party may appeal the written notice of findings to a court of
612 competent jurisdiction within 45 days after the notice is
613 mailed. The department may seek injunctive or other appropriate
614 relief to enforce the stop-order and is entitled to attorney
615 fees and costs if the department prevails.
616 (c) An employer, owner, director, officer, or managing
617 agent of an employer who fails to comply with a stop-order
618 issued under this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor of the
619 second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s.
621 (d) This subsection does not apply if the stop-order would
622 compromise public safety or the life, health, and care of a
623 vulnerable person.
624 (20) If a citation issued by the department, written
625 decision and order issued by an administrative law judge, or
626 final judgment awarded under this section remains unsatisfied 30
627 days after all reviews or appeals have been exhausted or the
628 time to request a review or file an appeal has expired, the
629 department may request that the appropriate state agency, and
630 the state agency is authorized to, deny, suspend, or revoke any
631 license held by the employer until such time as the judgment is
633 (21) Any person acting on behalf of an employer may be held
634 liable as the employer for a violation of s. 24, Art. X of the
635 State Constitution or this section. A client employer is jointly
636 and severally liable with a labor contractor for the payment of
637 unpaid wages, interest, liquidated damages, fines, or penalties
638 awarded under this section.
639 (22) All employers, client employers, and labor contractors
640 shall create records documenting compliance with s. 24, Art. X
641 of the State Constitution and this section in accordance with
642 department rules. Records must be maintained for a minimum of 5
643 years after an employee leaves the employment of the employer or
644 client employer, or is no longer working with a labor
645 contractor. An employer, client employer, or labor contractor
646 must allow the department reasonable access to the records when
647 requested. If an employee, or other authorized person or entity,
648 alleges a violation of s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution
649 or this section and the employer, client employer, or labor
650 contractor has not created and maintained records as required
651 under this subsection, there is a rebuttable presumption that
652 the he or she is in violation of the law. The employer, client
653 employer, or labor contractor can overcome this presumption with
654 clear and convincing evidence.
655 (23) The department may enter into agreements with local,
656 state, or federal agencies to assist in the administration and
657 enforcement of this section.
658 (24) Subject to appropriation of funds by the Legislature,
659 the department shall establish and maintain an outreach and
660 education partnership program to promote awareness of, and
661 compliance with, s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution and
662 this section. The department shall pursue partnerships with
663 community-based organizations and unions through a competitive
664 request for proposals. Duties of the outreach and education
665 partnership program may include:
666 (a) Disseminating information and conducting outreach and
667 training to educate employees about their rights.
668 (b) Conducting educational training for employers about
669 their obligations.
670 (c) Assisting employees with filing a claim for a violation
671 under s. 24, Art. X of the State Constitution or this section.
672 (d) Assisting the department in conducting investigations
673 under this section, including the collection of evidence and
674 enforcement of a judgment.
675 (e) Monitoring compliance with s. 24, Art. X of the State
676 Constitution and this section.
677 (f) Establishing networks for education, communication, and
678 participation in the workplace and community.
679 (g) Producing and disseminating training materials to
680 employers and employees.
681 (25) (11) Except for calculating the adjusted state minimum
682 wage and publishing the initial state minimum wage and any
683 annual adjustments thereto, the authority of the department of
684 Economic Opportunity in implementing s. 24, Art. X of the State
685 Constitution, pursuant to this section, is shall be limited to
686 that authority expressly granted by the Legislature.
687 Section 4. Section 448.111, Florida Statutes, is created to
689 448.111 Department of Labor Community Advisory Board.—The
690 Department of Labor Community Advisory Board is established
691 within the Department of Labor.
692 (1) The advisory board shall consist of the following
693 members who must be appointed by the Secretary of Labor:
694 (a) A representative from the Department of Labor.
695 (b) A representative from the Department of Economic
697 (c) A representative from the Department of Education.
698 (d) A representative from the Florida Chamber of Commerce.
699 (e) A representative from a small business as defined in s.
701 (f) Four representatives from labor organizations as
702 defined in s. 447.02(1) throughout the state.
703 (2) Members of the advisory board shall be appointed for 2
704 year terms, which shall be staggered.
705 (3) Members of the advisory board shall serve without
706 compensation and are not entitled to receive reimbursement for
707 per diem or travel expenses.
708 (4) The advisory board shall meet at least three times a
709 year in order to review reports and projects of the Department
710 of Labor. Meetings of the advisory board must be open to the
711 public and provide the opportunity for public comment.
712 (5) The advisory board shall submit an annual report to the
713 Secretary of Labor recommending changes to existing state
714 policies and programs to ensure worker safety and equity, with
715 particular emphasis on low-wage workers, migrant workers, and
716 racial equity.
717 (6) By January 1, 2023, and annually thereafter, the
718 Secretary of Labor shall submit the annual report to the
719 Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the
720 House of Representatives.
721 Section 5. This act shall take effect July 1, 2022.