Florida Senate - 2022 SB 1834 By Senator Baxley 12-01508B-22 20221834__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to parental rights in education; 3 amending s. 1001.42, F.S.; requiring district school 4 boards to adopt procedures that comport with certain 5 provisions of law for notifying a student’s parent of 6 specified information; requiring such procedures to 7 reinforce the fundamental right of parents to make 8 decisions regarding the upbringing and control of 9 their children in a specified manner; prohibiting the 10 procedures from prohibiting a parent from accessing 11 certain records; providing construction; prohibiting a 12 school district from adopting procedures or student 13 support forms that require school district personnel 14 to withhold from a parent specified information or 15 that encourage or have the effect of encouraging a 16 student to withhold from a parent such information; 17 providing an exception; prohibiting school district 18 personnel from discouraging or prohibiting parental 19 notification and involvement in critical decisions 20 affecting a student’s mental, emotional, or physical 21 well-being; prohibiting a school district from 22 encouraging classroom discussion about sexual 23 orientation or gender identity in primary grade levels 24 or in a specified manner; authorizing a parent to 25 bring an action against a school district to obtain a 26 declaratory judgment that a school district procedure 27 or practice violates certain provisions of law; 28 providing for the additional award of injunctive 29 relief, damages, and reasonable attorney fees and 30 court costs to certain parents; requiring certain 31 training developed or provided by a school district to 32 adhere to standards established by the Department of 33 Education; requiring the department to review and 34 update, as necessary, specified materials by a certain 35 date; providing an effective date. 36 37 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 38 39 Section 1. Paragraph (c) is added to subsection (8) of 40 section 1001.42, Florida Statutes, to read: 41 1001.42 Powers and duties of district school board.—The 42 district school board, acting as a board, shall exercise all 43 powers and perform all duties listed below: 44 (8) STUDENT WELFARE.— 45 (c)1. In accordance with the rights of parents enumerated 46 in ss. 1002.20 and 1014.04, adopt procedures for notifying a 47 student’s parent if there is a change in the student’s services 48 or monitoring related to the student’s mental, emotional, or 49 physical health or well-being and the school’s ability to 50 provide a safe and supportive learning environment for the 51 student. The procedures must reinforce the fundamental right of 52 parents to make decisions regarding the upbringing and control 53 of their children by requiring school district personnel to 54 encourage a student to discuss issues relating to his or her 55 well-being with his or her parent or to seek permission to 56 discuss or facilitate discussion of the issue with the parent. 57 The procedures must comply with s. 1002.22(2) and may not 58 prohibit a parent from accessing any of his or her minor child’s 59 education records created, maintained, or used by the school 60 district. This paragraph does not limit or alter any obligation 61 of school district personnel to report suspected abuse, 62 abandonment, or neglect, as those terms are defined in s. 39.01. 63 2. A school district may not adopt procedures or student 64 support forms that require school district personnel to withhold 65 from a parent information about his or her student’s mental, 66 emotional, or physical health or well-being, or a change in 67 related services or monitoring, or that encourage or have the 68 effect of encouraging a student to withhold from a parent such 69 information, unless a reasonably prudent person would believe 70 that such disclosure would result in abuse, abandonment, or 71 neglect, as those terms are defined in s. 39.01. School district 72 personnel may not discourage or prohibit parental notification 73 of and involvement in critical decisions affecting a student’s 74 mental, emotional, or physical health or well-being. 75 3. A school district may not encourage classroom discussion 76 about sexual orientation or gender identity in primary grade 77 levels or in a manner that is not age-appropriate or 78 developmentally appropriate for students. 79 4. A parent of a student may bring an action against a 80 school district to obtain a declaratory judgment that a school 81 district procedure or practice violates this paragraph and seek 82 injunctive relief. A court may award damages and shall award 83 reasonable attorney fees and court costs to a parent who 84 receives declaratory or injunctive relief. 85 5. Student support services training developed or provided 86 by a school district to school district personnel must adhere to 87 student services guidelines, standards, and frameworks 88 established by the Department of Education. 89 Section 2. By June 30, 2023, the Department of Education 90 shall review and update, as necessary, school counseling 91 frameworks and standards; educator practices and professional 92 conduct principles; and any other student services personnel 93 guidelines, standards, or frameworks in accordance with the 94 requirements of this act. 95 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2022.