Florida Senate - 2022 SB 402 By Senator Polsky 29-00268B-22 2022402__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to firearms; amending s. 790.065, 3 F.S.; requiring the Department of Law Enforcement, 4 within a specified timeframe, to enter into the 5 Florida Crime Information Center database certain 6 orders affecting a person’s ability to purchase a 7 firearm; amending s. 790.401, F.S.; prohibiting 8 attempted violations of the provisions of a firearms 9 risk protection order; providing criminal penalties; 10 providing an effective date. 11 12 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 13 14 Section 1. Paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of section 15 790.065, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 16 790.065 Sale and delivery of firearms.— 17 (2) Upon receipt of a request for a criminal history record 18 check, the Department of Law Enforcement shall, during the 19 licensee’s call or by return call, forthwith: 20 (a) Review any records available to determine if the 21 potential buyer or transferee: 22 1. Has been convicted of a felony and is prohibited from 23 receipt or possession of a firearm pursuant to s. 790.23; 24 2. Has been convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic 25 violence, and therefore is prohibited from purchasing a firearm; 26 3. Has had adjudication of guilt withheld or imposition of 27 sentence suspended on any felony or misdemeanor crime of 28 domestic violence unless 3 years have elapsed since probation or 29 any other conditions set by the court have been fulfilled or 30 expunction has occurred; or 31 4. Has been adjudicated mentally defective or has been 32 committed to a mental institution by a court or as provided in 33 sub-sub-subparagraph b.(II), and as a result is prohibited by 34 state or federal law from purchasing a firearm. 35 a. As used in this subparagraph, “adjudicated mentally 36 defective” means a determination by a court that a person, as a 37 result of marked subnormal intelligence, or mental illness, 38 incompetency, condition, or disease, is a danger to himself or 39 herself or to others or lacks the mental capacity to contract or 40 manage his or her own affairs. The phrase includes a judicial 41 finding of incapacity under s. 744.331(6)(a), an acquittal by 42 reason of insanity of a person charged with a criminal offense, 43 and a judicial finding that a criminal defendant is not 44 competent to stand trial. 45 b. As used in this subparagraph, “committed to a mental 46 institution” means: 47 (I) Involuntary commitment, commitment for mental 48 defectiveness or mental illness, and commitment for substance 49 abuse. The phrase includes involuntary inpatient placement as 50 defined in s. 394.467, involuntary outpatient placement as 51 defined in s. 394.4655, involuntary assessment and stabilization 52 under s. 397.6818, and involuntary substance abuse treatment 53 under s. 397.6957, but does not include a person in a mental 54 institution for observation or discharged from a mental 55 institution based upon the initial review by the physician or a 56 voluntary admission to a mental institution; or 57 (II) Notwithstanding sub-sub-subparagraph (I), voluntary 58 admission to a mental institution for outpatient or inpatient 59 treatment of a person who had an involuntary examination under 60 s. 394.463, where each of the following conditions have been 61 met: 62 (A) An examining physician found that the person is an 63 imminent danger to himself or herself or others. 64 (B) The examining physician certified that if the person 65 did not agree to voluntary treatment, a petition for involuntary 66 outpatient or inpatient treatment would have been filed under s. 67 394.463(2)(g)4., or the examining physician certified that a 68 petition was filed and the person subsequently agreed to 69 voluntary treatment prior to a court hearing on the petition. 70 (C) Before agreeing to voluntary treatment, the person 71 received written notice of that finding and certification, and 72 written notice that as a result of such finding, he or she may 73 be prohibited from purchasing a firearm, and may not be eligible 74 to apply for or retain a concealed weapon or firearms license 75 under s. 790.06 and the person acknowledged such notice in 76 writing, in substantially the following form: 77 78 “I understand that the doctor who examined me believes I am a 79 danger to myself or to others. I understand that if I do not 80 agree to voluntary treatment, a petition will be filed in court 81 to require me to receive involuntary treatment. I understand 82 that if that petition is filed, I have the right to contest it. 83 In the event a petition has been filed, I understand that I can 84 subsequently agree to voluntary treatment prior to a court 85 hearing. I understand that by agreeing to voluntary treatment in 86 either of these situations, I may be prohibited from buying 87 firearms and from applying for or retaining a concealed weapons 88 or firearms license until I apply for and receive relief from 89 that restriction under Florida law.” 90 91 (D) A judge or a magistrate has, pursuant to sub-sub 92 subparagraph c.(II), reviewed the record of the finding, 93 certification, notice, and written acknowledgment classifying 94 the person as an imminent danger to himself or herself or 95 others, and ordered that such record be submitted to the 96 department. 97 c. In order to check for these conditions, the department 98 shall compile and maintain an automated database of persons who 99 are prohibited from purchasing a firearm based on court records 100 of adjudications of mental defectiveness or commitments to 101 mental institutions. 102 (I) Except as provided in sub-sub-subparagraph (II), clerks 103 of court shall submit these records to the department within 1 104 month after the rendition of the adjudication or commitment. 105 Reports shall be submitted in an automated format. The reports 106 must, at a minimum, include the name, along with any known alias 107 or former name, the sex, and the date of birth of the subject. 108 (II) For persons committed to a mental institution pursuant 109 to sub-sub-subparagraph b.(II), within 24 hours after the 110 person’s agreement to voluntary admission, a record of the 111 finding, certification, notice, and written acknowledgment must 112 be filed by the administrator of the receiving or treatment 113 facility, as defined in s. 394.455, with the clerk of the court 114 for the county in which the involuntary examination under s. 115 394.463 occurred. No fee shall be charged for the filing under 116 this sub-sub-subparagraph. The clerk must present the records to 117 a judge or magistrate within 24 hours after receipt of the 118 records. A judge or magistrate is required and has the lawful 119 authority to review the records ex parte and, if the judge or 120 magistrate determines that the record supports the classifying 121 of the person as an imminent danger to himself or herself or 122 others, to order that the record be submitted to the department. 123 The department must enter the record into the Florida Crime 124 Information Center (FCIC) database of persons prohibited from 125 purchasing a firearm. If a judge or magistrate orders the 126 submittal of the record to the department, the record must be 127 submitted to the department and entered into the FCIC within 24 128 hours. 129 d. A person who has been adjudicated mentally defective or 130 committed to a mental institution, as those terms are defined in 131 this paragraph, may petition the court that made the 132 adjudication or commitment, or the court that ordered that the 133 record be submitted to the department pursuant to sub-sub 134 subparagraph c.(II), for relief from the firearm disabilities 135 imposed by such adjudication or commitment. A copy of the 136 petition shall be served on the state attorney for the county in 137 which the person was adjudicated or committed. The state 138 attorney may object to and present evidence relevant to the 139 relief sought by the petition. The hearing on the petition may 140 be open or closed as the petitioner may choose. The petitioner 141 may present evidence and subpoena witnesses to appear at the 142 hearing on the petition. The petitioner may confront and cross 143 examine witnesses called by the state attorney. A record of the 144 hearing shall be made by a certified court reporter or by court 145 approved electronic means. The court shall make written findings 146 of fact and conclusions of law on the issues before it and issue 147 a final order. The court shall grant the relief requested in the 148 petition if the court finds, based on the evidence presented 149 with respect to the petitioner’s reputation, the petitioner’s 150 mental health record and, if applicable, criminal history 151 record, the circumstances surrounding the firearm disability, 152 and any other evidence in the record, that the petitioner will 153 not be likely to act in a manner that is dangerous to public 154 safety and that granting the relief would not be contrary to the 155 public interest. If the final order denies relief, the 156 petitioner may not petition again for relief from firearm 157 disabilities until 1 year after the date of the final order. The 158 petitioner may seek judicial review of a final order denying 159 relief in the district court of appeal having jurisdiction over 160 the court that issued the order. The review shall be conducted 161 de novo. Relief from a firearm disability granted under this 162 sub-subparagraph has no effect on the loss of civil rights, 163 including firearm rights, for any reason other than the 164 particular adjudication of mental defectiveness or commitment to 165 a mental institution from which relief is granted. 166 e. Upon receipt of proper notice of relief from firearm 167 disabilities granted under sub-subparagraph d., the department 168 shall delete any mental health record of the person granted 169 relief from the automated database of persons who are prohibited 170 from purchasing a firearm based on court records of 171 adjudications of mental defectiveness or commitments to mental 172 institutions, and shall delete the person’s record from the 173 FCIC. 174 f. The department is authorized to disclose data collected 175 pursuant to this subparagraph to agencies of the Federal 176 Government and other states for use exclusively in determining 177 the lawfulness of a firearm sale or transfer. The department is 178 also authorized to disclose this data to the Department of 179 Agriculture and Consumer Services for purposes of determining 180 eligibility for issuance of a concealed weapons or concealed 181 firearms license and for determining whether a basis exists for 182 revoking or suspending a previously issued license pursuant to 183 s. 790.06(10). When a potential buyer or transferee appeals a 184 nonapproval based on these records, the clerks of court and 185 mental institutions shall, upon request by the department, 186 provide information to help determine whether the potential 187 buyer or transferee is the same person as the subject of the 188 record. Photographs and any other data that could confirm or 189 negate identity must be made available to the department for 190 such purposes, notwithstanding any other provision of state law 191 to the contrary. Any such information that is made confidential 192 or exempt from disclosure by law shall retain such confidential 193 or exempt status when transferred to the department. 194 Section 2. Paragraph (b) of subsection (11) of section 195 790.401, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 196 790.401 Risk protection orders.— 197 (11) PENALTIES.— 198 (b)1. A person who has in his or her custody or control a 199 firearm or any ammunition or who purchases, possesses, or 200 receives a firearm or any ammunition with knowledge that he or 201 she is prohibited from doing so by an order issued under this 202 section commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as 203 provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. 204 2. A person who attempts to commit a violation of 205 subparagraph 1. commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, 206 punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. 207 Section 3. This act shall take effect October 1, 2022.