Florida Senate - 2022 SB 860 By Senator Stewart 13-00274A-22 2022860__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to firearms without a unique serial 3 number or identifying mark; creating s. 790.261, F.S.; 4 defining terms; specifying requirements for persons 5 manufacturing or assembling a firearm in this state, 6 beginning on a specified date; requiring a person who 7 owns a firearm without an assigned serial number or 8 other identifying mark to comply with certain 9 requirements on or after a specified date; prohibiting 10 the sale or transfer of certain firearms; providing an 11 exception; requiring the destruction of certain 12 firearms; providing requirements for new Florida 13 residents who wish to possess or who own certain 14 firearms; providing criminal penalties; requiring the 15 Department of Law Enforcement to accept applications 16 from persons and grant unique serial numbers or 17 identifying marks if certain conditions are met; 18 requiring the department to approve or deny all 19 applications within a certain timeframe; requiring the 20 department to inform applicants of denials in writing; 21 requiring the department to adopt rules; providing 22 applicability; providing construction; providing an 23 effective date. 24 25 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 26 27 Section 1. Section 790.261, Florida Statutes, is created to 28 read: 29 790.261 Manufacture or assembly of firearms without unique 30 serial number or other identifying mark.— 31 (1)(a) As used in this section, the term: 32 1. “Department” means the Department of Law Enforcement. 33 2. “Manufacturing” or “assembling” a firearm means to 34 fabricate or construct a firearm, or to fit together the 35 component parts of a firearm to construct a firearm. The term 36 does not include a firearm manufactured or assembled by a 37 licensed manufacturer or brought into this state by a licensed 38 importer. 39 (b) Beginning July 1, 2023, a person manufacturing or 40 assembling a firearm in this state shall do all of the 41 following: 42 1. Apply to the department for a unique serial number or 43 other mark of identification pursuant to subsection (3). 44 2.a. Within 10 days after manufacturing or assembling a 45 firearm, engrave or permanently affix to the firearm the unique 46 serial number or other mark of identification provided by the 47 department in a manner that meets or exceeds the requirements 48 imposed on licensed importers and licensed manufacturers of 49 firearms pursuant to 18 U.S.C. s. 923(i) and regulations issued 50 pursuant thereto. 51 b. If the firearm is manufactured or assembled from polymer 52 plastic, embed within the plastic upon fabrication or 53 construction at least 3.7 ounces of material type 17-4 PH 54 stainless steel with the unique serial number or other 55 identifying mark engraved or otherwise permanently affixed in a 56 manner that meets or exceeds the requirements imposed on 57 licensed importers and licensed manufacturers of firearms 58 pursuant to 18 U.S.C. s. 923(i) and regulations issued pursuant 59 thereto. 60 3. After the serial number or other identifying mark 61 provided by the department is engraved or otherwise permanently 62 affixed to the firearm, notify the department of that fact in a 63 manner and within a timeframe specified by the department and 64 with sufficient information to identify the owner of the 65 firearm, the unique serial number or mark of identification 66 provided by the department, and the firearm in a manner 67 prescribed by the department. 68 (c) Any person who, on or after July 1, 2023, owns a 69 firearm that does not bear a serial number or other identifying 70 mark assigned to it pursuant 18 U.S.C. s. 921 et seq. and the 71 regulations issued pursuant thereto shall do all of the 72 following by January 1, 2024: 73 1. Apply to the department for a unique serial number or 74 other mark of identification pursuant to subsection (3). 75 2. Within 10 days after receiving the unique serial number 76 or other mark of identification from the department, engrave or 77 permanently affix to the firearm the unique serial number or 78 other mark of identification provided by the department in 79 accordance with regulations prescribed by the department 80 pursuant to subsection (3) and in a manner that meets or exceeds 81 the requirements imposed on licensed importers and licensed 82 manufacturers of firearms pursuant to 18 U.S.C. s. 923(i) and 83 regulations issued pursuant thereto. 84 3. After the serial number or other identifying mark 85 provided by the department is engraved or otherwise permanently 86 affixed to the firearm, notify the department of that fact in a 87 manner and within a timeframe specified by the department and 88 with sufficient information to identify the owner of the 89 firearm, the unique serial number or mark of identification 90 provided by the department, and the firearm in a manner 91 prescribed by the department. 92 (d)1. The sale or transfer of a firearm manufactured or 93 assembled pursuant to this subsection is prohibited. This 94 subparagraph does not apply to the transfer, surrender, or sale 95 of a firearm to a law enforcement agency. 96 2. Any firearm confiscated by a law enforcement officer 97 which does not bear an engraved or otherwise permanently affixed 98 serial number or other identifying mark in accordance with 99 paragraph (b) or paragraph (c), or a firearm surrendered, 100 transferred, or sold to a law enforcement agency, shall be 101 destroyed. 102 (e) A new resident of this state shall apply for a unique 103 serial number or other identifying mark pursuant to subsection 104 (3) within 60 days after arrival for each firearm the resident 105 wishes to possess in this state which the resident previously 106 manufactured or assembled or each firearm the resident owns 107 which does not have a unique serial number or other mark of 108 identification. 109 (f) A person, corporation, or firm may not knowingly allow, 110 facilitate, aid, or abet the manufacture or assembling of a 111 firearm pursuant to this section by a person who is subject to 112 any of the restrictions identified in s. 790.065(2)(a). 113 (g)1. If the violation includes a firearm that is a 114 handgun, a person who violates this subsection commits a 115 misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 116 775.082 or s. 775.083. 117 2. If the violation includes any other firearm, a person 118 who violates this subsection commits a misdemeanor of the second 119 degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083 or by 120 a fine not to exceed $1,000, or both. 121 3. Each firearm found to be in violation of this subsection 122 constitutes a distinct and separate offense. This subsection 123 does not preclude prosecution under any other law providing for 124 a greater penalty. 125 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to any of the following: 126 (a) A firearm that has a serial number assigned to it 127 pursuant to 18 U.S.C. s. 921 et seq. and the regulations issued 128 pursuant thereto or pursuant to chapter 53 of Title 26 U.S.C. 129 and the regulations issued pursuant thereto. 130 (b) A firearm that is a curio or an ornament as described 131 in 27 C.F.R. s. 479.91, a relic, or an antique firearm as 132 defined in 27 C.F.R. s. 479.11. 133 (c) A firearm made or assembled before October 22, 1968. 134 (3)(a) If the requirements of this subsection are met, the 135 department must accept applications from, and must grant 136 applications in the form of unique serial numbers or identifying 137 marks to, persons who wish to: 138 1. Manufacture or assemble firearms pursuant to paragraph 139 (1)(b); or 140 2. Own a firearm described in paragraph (1)(c). 141 (b) An application made pursuant to paragraph (a) may be 142 approved by the department only if: 143 1. For each transaction, the department completes a 144 background check of the applicant pursuant to s. 790.065 which 145 demonstrates that the applicant is not prohibited by state or 146 federal law from possessing, receiving, owning, or purchasing a 147 firearm. 148 2. The applicant presents proof of age and identity. The 149 applicant must be 21 years of age or older to obtain a unique 150 serial number or identifying mark for a firearm. 151 3. The applicant provides a description of the firearm that 152 he or she owns or intends to manufacture or assemble, in a 153 manner prescribed by the department. 154 (c) All applications must be approved or denied within 15 155 calendar days after the receipt of the application by the 156 department. 157 (d) The department shall inform applicants denied an 158 application of the reasons for the denial in writing. 159 (e) This subsection does not authorize a person to 160 manufacture, assemble, or possess a weapon prohibited under s. 161 790.221. 162 (4) The department shall adopt rules to administer this 163 section. 164 Section 2. This act shall take effect October 1, 2022.