Florida Senate - 2023                CS for CS for CS for SB 266
       By the Committee on Fiscal Policy; the Appropriations Committee
       on Education; the Committee on Education Postsecondary; and
       Senator Grall
       594-04104-23                                           2023266c3
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to higher education; amending s.
    3         1001.706, F.S.; revising the duties of the Board of
    4         Governors relating to the mission of each state
    5         university; revising requirements for the Board of
    6         Governors’ strategic plan relating to the goals and
    7         objectives of the State University System; requiring
    8         the Board of Governors to annually require each state
    9         university to include certain information in its
   10         economic security report; requiring, rather than
   11         authorizing, a Board of Governors regulation to
   12         include a post-tenure review of state university
   13         faculty on a specified basis; amending s. 1001.7065,
   14         F.S.; requiring the Board of Governors Accountability
   15         Plan to annually report certain research expenditures
   16         of a specified amount; revising the number of
   17         standards an institution must meet to receive a
   18         specified designation; creating s. 1001.741, F.S.;
   19         providing that each state university president is
   20         responsible for hiring the provost, the deans, and
   21         full-time faculty; providing that the president has a
   22         duty to assess the performance of the provost and
   23         deans; authorizing the president to delegate hiring
   24         authority to specified individuals and entities;
   25         prohibiting a university from using specified methods
   26         in its admissions or personnel processes; providing
   27         that certain actions regarding personnel may not be
   28         appealed beyond the university president; requiring
   29         each state university board of trustees to have review
   30         procedures for the president’s selection and
   31         reappointment of certain faculty; requiring each state
   32         university president to annually present specified
   33         performance evaluations and salaries to the board of
   34         trustees; amending s. 1004.06, F.S.; prohibiting
   35         specified educational institutions from expending
   36         funds for certain purposes; providing exceptions;
   37         requiring the State Board of Education and the Board
   38         of Governors to adopt rules and regulations,
   39         respectively; creating s. 1004.3841, F.S.; creating
   40         the Institute for Risk Management and Insurance
   41         Education within the College of Business at the
   42         University of Central Florida; requiring that the
   43         institute be located in a specified county; providing
   44         the purpose and goals of the institute; amending s.
   45         1004.6496, F.S.; authorizing the Board of Trustees of
   46         the University of Florida to use charitable donations
   47         in addition to appropriated funds to fund the Hamilton
   48         Center for Classical and Civic Education; requiring
   49         the University of Florida to annually report to the
   50         Governor and Legislature on the transition of the
   51         center to a college; revising the goals of the center;
   52         requiring the University of Florida president to take
   53         specified actions; providing requirements for the use
   54         of appropriated funds; authorizing the university to
   55         provide additional funding to the center; amending s.
   56         1004.6499, F.S.; renaming the Florida Institute of
   57         Politics at the Florida State University as the
   58         Florida Institute for Governance and Civics; providing
   59         the goals of the institute; amending s. 1004.64991,
   60         F.S.; authorizing the Adam Smith Center for the Study
   61         of Economic Freedom to perform certain tasks in order
   62         to carry out its established purpose; amending s.
   63         1007.25, F.S.; revising how general education core
   64         courses are established; requiring the State Board of
   65         Education and the Board of Governors to consider
   66         approval of certain courses; requiring faculty
   67         committees to review and submit recommendations to the
   68         Articulation Coordinating Committee and the
   69         commissioner relating to certain courses by a
   70         specified date and periodically thereafter;
   71         prohibiting general education core courses from
   72         teaching certain topics or presenting information in
   73         specified ways; providing requirements for general
   74         education core courses; requiring specified
   75         educational institutions to offer certain courses;
   76         prohibiting public postsecondary educational
   77         institutions from requiring students to take certain
   78         additional general education core courses; creating s.
   79         1007.55, F.S.; providing legislative findings;
   80         providing requirements for general education courses;
   81         requiring public postsecondary educational institution
   82         boards of trustees and presidents to annually review
   83         and approve general education requirements; requiring
   84         public postsecondary educational institutions to
   85         report certain courses to the department; requiring
   86         the Articulation Coordinating Committee to submit
   87         general education courses to the State Board of
   88         Education and the Board of Governors for action;
   89         providing a penalty for failing to meet such review
   90         and approval requirements; prohibiting public
   91         postsecondary educational institutions from requiring
   92         students to take certain additional general education
   93         courses; requiring the State Board of Education and
   94         the Board of Governors to adopt rules and regulations,
   95         respectively; amending s. 1008.47, F.S.; specifying a
   96         one-time limit on the requirement to change
   97         accrediting agencies; providing for expiration;
   98         prohibiting an accrediting entity from requiring a
   99         public postsecondary institution to violate state law;
  100         amending s. 1009.26, F.S.; requiring the Board of
  101         Governors to identify state-approved teacher
  102         preparation programs eligible for a tuition waiver;
  103         providing that certain postsecondary fee waivers
  104         continue until specified criteria are met; providing
  105         an effective date.
  107  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
  109         Section 1. Paragraphs (a) through (d) of subsection (5) and
  110  paragraph (b) of subsection (6) of section 1001.706, Florida
  111  Statutes, are amended to read:
  112         1001.706 Powers and duties of the Board of Governors.—
  114         (a) The Legislature intends that the Board of Governors
  115  shall align the missions of each constituent university with the
  116  academic success of its students; the existing and emerging
  117  economic development needs of the state; the national reputation
  118  of its faculty and its academic and research programs; the
  119  quantity of externally generated research, patents, and
  120  licenses; and the strategic and accountability plans required in
  121  paragraphs (b) and (c). The Board of Governors shall
  122  periodically review the mission of each constituent university
  123  and make updates or revisions as needed. Upon completion of a
  124  review of the mission, the board shall review existing academic
  125  programs for alignment with the mission. The board shall include
  126  in its review a directive to each constituent university
  127  regarding its programs for any curriculum that violates s.
  128  1000.05 or that is based on theories that systemic racism,
  129  sexism, oppression, and privilege are inherent in the
  130  institutions of the United States and were created to maintain
  131  social, political, and economic inequities. The mission
  132  alignment and strategic plan must shall consider peer
  133  institutions at the constituent universities. The mission
  134  alignment and strategic plan must shall acknowledge that
  135  universities that have a national and international impact have
  136  the greatest capacity to promote the state’s economic
  137  development through: new discoveries, patents, licenses, and
  138  technologies that generate state businesses of global
  139  importance; research achievements through external grants and
  140  contracts that are comparable to nationally recognized and
  141  ranked universities; the creation of a resource rich academic
  142  environment that attracts high-technology business and venture
  143  capital to the state; and this generation’s finest minds
  144  focusing on solving the state’s economic, social, environmental,
  145  and legal problems in the areas of life sciences, water,
  146  sustainability, energy, and health care. A nationally recognized
  147  and ranked university that has a global perspective and impact
  148  must shall be afforded the opportunity to enable and protect the
  149  university’s competitiveness on the global stage in fair
  150  competition with other institutions of other states in the
  151  highest Carnegie Classification.
  152         (b) The Board of Governors shall develop a strategic plan
  153  specifying goals and objectives for the State University System
  154  and each constituent university, including each university’s
  155  contribution to overall system goals and objectives. The
  156  strategic plan must:
  157         1. Include performance metrics and standards common for all
  158  institutions and metrics and standards unique to institutions
  159  depending on institutional core missions, including, but not
  160  limited to, student admission requirements, retention,
  161  graduation, percentage of graduates who have attained
  162  employment, percentage of graduates enrolled in continued
  163  education, licensure passage, nondegree credential attainment,
  164  average wages of employed graduates, average cost per graduate,
  165  excess hours, student loan burden and default rates, faculty
  166  awards, total annual research expenditures, patents, licenses
  167  and royalties, intellectual property, startup companies, annual
  168  giving, endowments, and well-known, highly respected national
  169  rankings for institutional and program achievements.
  170         2. Consider reports and recommendations of the Florida
  171  Talent Development Council under s. 1004.015 and the
  172  Articulation Coordinating Committee under s. 1007.01.
  173         3. Include student enrollment and performance data
  174  delineated by method of instruction, including, but not limited
  175  to, traditional, online, and distance learning instruction.
  176         4. Include criteria for designating baccalaureate degree
  177  and master’s degree programs at specified universities as high
  178  demand programs of emphasis. The programs of emphasis list
  179  adopted by the Board of Governors before July 1, 2021, shall be
  180  used for the 2021-2022 academic year. Beginning in the 2022-2023
  181  academic year, the Board of Governors shall adopt the criteria
  182  to determine value for and prioritization of degree credentials
  183  and degree programs established by the Credentials Review
  184  Committee under s. 445.004 for designating high-demand programs
  185  of emphasis. The Board of Governors must review designated
  186  programs of emphasis, at a minimum, every 3 years to ensure
  187  alignment with the prioritization of degree credentials and
  188  degree programs identified by the Credentials Review Committee.
  189         5. Include criteria for nondegree credentials.
  190         (c) The Board of Governors shall develop an accountability
  191  plan for the State University System and each constituent
  192  university. The accountability plan must address institutional
  193  and system achievement of goals and objectives specified in the
  194  strategic plan adopted pursuant to paragraph (b) and must be
  195  submitted as part of its legislative budget request. Each
  196  university shall submit, as a component of the university’s
  197  annual accountability plan:,
  198         1. Information on the effectiveness of its plan for
  199  improving 4-year graduation rates; and
  200         2. The level of financial assistance provided to students
  201  pursuant to paragraph (h).
  202         (d) Beginning in the 2014-2015 academic year and annually
  203  thereafter, The Board of Governors shall annually require a
  204  state university prior to registration to provide each enrolled
  205  student electronic access to the economic security report of
  206  employment and earning outcomes prepared by the Department of
  207  Economic Opportunity pursuant to s. 445.07. In addition, the
  208  Board of Governors shall require a state university to provide
  209  each student electronic access to the following information each
  210  year prior to registration using the data described in s.
  211  1008.39:
  212         1. The top 25 percent of degrees reported by the university
  213  in terms of highest full-time job placement and highest average
  214  annualized earnings in the year after earning the degree.
  215         2. The bottom 10 percent of degrees reported by the
  216  university in terms of lowest full-time job placement and lowest
  217  average annualized earnings in the year after earning the
  218  degree.
  220         (b) The Board of Governors shall may adopt a regulation
  221  requiring each tenured state university faculty member to
  222  undergo a comprehensive post-tenure review every 5 years. The
  223  board may include other considerations in the regulation, but
  224  the regulation must address:
  225         1. Accomplishments and productivity;
  226         2. Assigned duties in research, teaching, and service;
  227         3. Performance metrics, evaluations, and ratings; and
  228         4. Recognition and compensation considerations, as well as
  229  improvement plans and consequences for underperformance.
  230         Section 2. Paragraph (m) is added to subsection (2) of
  231  section 1001.7065, Florida Statutes, and subsection (3) of that
  232  section is amended, to read:
  233         1001.7065 Preeminent state research universities program.—
  235  following academic and research excellence standards are
  236  established for the preeminent state research universities
  237  program and shall be reported annually in the Board of Governors
  238  Accountability Plan:
  239         (m) Total annual STEM-related research expenditures,
  240  including federal research expenditures, of $50 million or more.
  242         (a) The Board of Governors shall designate each state
  243  university that annually meets at least 12 11 of the 13 12
  244  academic and research excellence standards identified in
  245  subsection (2) as a “preeminent state research university.”
  246         (b) The Board of Governors shall designate each state
  247  university that annually meets at least 7 6 of the 13 12
  248  academic and research excellence standards identified in
  249  subsection (2) as an “emerging preeminent state research
  250  university.”
  251         Section 3. Section 1001.741, Florida Statutes, is created
  252  to read:
  253         1001.741State university personnel.—
  254         (1) Except as delegated pursuant to paragraph (a), each
  255  state university president has the final authority for hiring
  256  the provost, the deans, and all full-time faculty for the
  257  university, and has an ongoing duty to assess the performance,
  258  productivity, and employment practices of the university’s
  259  provost and deans. The president of the university is encouraged
  260  to engage in faculty recruiting as appropriate, and shall
  261  provide a regular report and recommendations on employment
  262  practices to the board at least twice annually.
  263         (a) The president may delegate hiring authority to
  264  individuals on the university’s executive management team within
  265  the president’s office, to the provost, or to individual deans;
  266  however, the president or the person delegated such hiring
  267  authority is not bound by the recommendations or opinions of
  268  faculty or other individuals.
  269         (b) A state university may not require any statement,
  270  pledge, or oath other than to uphold general and federal law,
  271  the United States Constitution, and the State Constitution as a
  272  part of any admissions, hiring, employment, promotion, tenure,
  273  disciplinary, or evaluation process.
  274         (2) Notwithstanding s. 447.401 or any other law, personnel
  275  actions or decisions regarding faculty, including in the areas
  276  of evaluations, promotions, tenure, discipline, or termination,
  277  may not be appealed beyond the level of a university president
  278  or designee. Such actions or decisions must have as their
  279  terminal step a final agency disposition, which must be issued
  280  in writing to the faculty member, and are not subject to
  281  arbitration. The filing of a grievance does not toll the action
  282  or decision of the university, including the termination of pay
  283  and benefits of a suspended or terminated faculty member.
  284         (3) Each state university board of trustees must have
  285  procedures for the review of the president’s selection and
  286  reappointment of each member of the university’s executive
  287  management team, and his or her respective contract and annual
  288  salary, before such contracts and salaries become effective, in
  289  accordance with the personnel program established by the Board
  290  of Governors.
  291         (4) Each state university president shall annually present
  292  to the state university board of trustees the results of
  293  performance evaluations and associated annual salaries for all
  294  evaluated academic and administrative personnel earning an
  295  annual salary of $200,000 or more, regardless of the funding
  296  source for such salaries. The results may be presented in a
  297  summary or written format.
  298         Section 4. Section 1004.06, Florida Statutes, is amended to
  299  read:
  300         1004.06 Prohibited expenditures.—
  301         (1)A No Florida College System institution, state
  302  university, Florida College System institution direct-support
  303  organization, or state university direct-support organization
  304  may not shall expend any funds, regardless of source, to
  305  purchase membership in, or goods and services from, any
  306  organization that discriminates on the basis of race, color,
  307  national origin, sex, disability gender, or religion.
  308         (2)A Florida College System institution, state university,
  309  Florida College System institution direct-support organization,
  310  or state university direct-support organization may not expend
  311  any state or federal funds to promote, support, or maintain any
  312  programs or campus activities that:
  313         (a)Violate s. 1000.05; or
  314         (b)Advocate for diversity, equity, and inclusion, or
  315  promote or engage in political or social activism, as defined by
  316  rules of the State Board of Education and regulations of the
  317  Board of Governors.
  319  Student fees to support student-led organizations are permitted
  320  notwithstanding any speech or expressive activity by such
  321  organizations which would otherwise violate this subsection,
  322  provided that the public funds must be allocated to student-led
  323  organizations pursuant to written policies or regulations of
  324  each Florida College System institution or state university, as
  325  applicable. Use of institution facilities by student-led
  326  organizations is permitted notwithstanding any speech or
  327  expressive activity by such organizations which would otherwise
  328  violate this subsection, provided that such use must be granted
  329  to student-led organizations pursuant to written policies or
  330  regulations of each Florida College System institution or state
  331  university, as applicable.
  332         (3)Subsection (2) does not prohibit programs, campus
  333  activities, or functions required for compliance with general or
  334  federal laws or regulations; for obtaining or retaining
  335  institutional or discipline-specific accreditation; or for
  336  access programs for military veterans, Pell Grant recipients,
  337  first generation college students, nontraditional students,
  338  “2+2” transfer students from the Florida College System,
  339  students from low-income families, or students with unique
  340  abilities.
  341         (4) The State Board of Education and the Board of Governors
  342  shall adopt rules and regulations, respectively, to implement
  343  this section.
  344         Section 5. Section 1004.3841, Florida Statutes, is created
  345  to read:
  346         1004.3841The Institute for Risk Management and Insurance
  347  Education.—The Institute for Risk Management and Insurance
  348  Education is established within the College of Business at the
  349  University of Central Florida. Since insurance and risk
  350  management is a major industry in this state, with a
  351  concentration of such industry in Volusia County, the institute
  352  must be located in Volusia County. Like many other industries in
  353  the state, the insurance and risk management industry is being
  354  revolutionized by, among other things, the integration of
  355  technology, predictive analytics, and data science, and is
  356  becoming more complex, given its exposure to transformative
  357  trends in the economy and environment. The purpose of the
  358  institute is to respond to the ever-evolving insurance and risk
  359  management industry and the present and emerging needs of this
  360  state and its residents. The goals of the institute are to:
  361         (1)Pursue technological innovations that advance risk
  362  valuation models and operational efficiencies in the insurance
  363  industry.
  364         (2)Drive the development of workforce competencies in data
  365  analytics, system-level thinking, technology integration,
  366  entrepreneurship, and actuarial science.
  367         (3)Leverage the University of Central Florida’s world
  368  class assets in data science, artificial intelligence, computer
  369  science, engineering, finance, economics, and sales.
  370         (4)Take advantage of the University of Central Florida’s
  371  robust portfolio of academic program offerings and draw on
  372  faculty and industry experts in diverse fields, including
  373  actuarial science, computer science, economics, engineering,
  374  environmental science, finance, forensics, law, management,
  375  marketing, and psychology.
  376         (5)Develop and offer risk management and insurance
  377  education, including education that recognizes risks in areas
  378  such as the environment, pandemic disease, and digital security.
  379         (6)Offer programs, workshops, case studies, and applied
  380  research studies that integrate technology and artificial
  381  intelligence with soft skills while preparing students and
  382  professionals for the technology-enabled insurance industry of
  383  the future.
  384         Section 6. Section 1004.6496, Florida Statutes, is amended
  385  to read:
  386         1004.6496 Hamilton Center for Classical and Civic
  387  Education.—
  388         (1) The Board of Trustees of the University of Florida may
  389  use funds as provided in the General Appropriations Act and
  390  charitable donations to establish and fund the Hamilton Center
  391  for Classical and Civic Education as an academic unit within the
  392  University of Florida. The purpose of the center is to support
  393  teaching and research concerning the ideas, traditions, and
  394  texts that form the foundations of Western and American
  395  civilization.
  396         (2) Beginning January 1, 2025, and by each January 1
  397  thereafter, the University of Florida must report to the
  398  Governor, the President of the Senate, and the Speaker of the
  399  House of Representatives on the progress toward establishing the
  400  center as a permanent college at the university. The report must
  401  include a timeline for establishing the college, enrollment and
  402  educational outcomes and future goals for enrollment and
  403  educational outcomes, current financial progress and future
  404  financial needs, and any recommendation for changes in general
  405  law.
  406         (3) The goals of the center are to:
  407         (a) Educate university students in core texts and great
  408  debates of Western civilization and the Great Books.
  409         1. The center is responsible for developing curriculum and
  410  courses to satisfy the requirement for the competency in civil
  411  discourse.
  412         2. Courses developed under this paragraph may be used to
  413  satisfy the requirements of s. 1007.25(5).
  414         (b) Educate university students in the principles, ideals,
  415  and institutions of the American political order.
  416         (c) Educate university students in the foundations of
  417  responsible leadership and informed citizenship.
  418         (d) Provide programming and training related to civic
  419  education and the values of open inquiry and civil discourse to
  420  support the K-20 system.
  421         (e) Coordinate with the Florida Institute for Governance
  422  and Civics of Politics created pursuant to s. 1004.6499 and the
  423  Adam Smith Center for the Study of Economic Freedom created
  424  pursuant to s. 1004.64991 and assist in the curation and
  425  implementation of Portraits in Patriotism created pursuant to s.
  426  1003.44.
  427         (f) Develop educational programming and a plan for the
  428  implementation of such programming to ensure that all university
  429  students demonstrate competency in civil discourse.
  430         (4) In order to carry out the goals set forth in subsection
  431  (3), the president of the University of Florida must:
  432         (a)Annually update the board of trustees on the center’s
  433  progress toward developing educational programming to ensure
  434  that all students at the university demonstrate competency in
  435  civil discourse. The president’s report must identify a timeline
  436  and support necessary for the university to achieve this goal.
  437         (b)Guide the university’s leadership and the center to
  438  ensure that the center is able to enroll students, hire faculty,
  439  ensure a pathway to tenure for faculty, develop curricula and
  440  courses, establish certificate and degree programs, establish
  441  major and minor programs, and fulfill other actions approved by
  442  the president of the university.
  443         (5) Funds appropriated specifically to the center may not
  444  be used for any other purpose; however, the university may
  445  provide additional funding as available to the center.
  446         Section 7. Section 1004.6499, Florida Statutes, is amended
  447  to read:
  448         1004.6499 Florida Institute for Governance and Civics of
  449  Politics.—
  450         (1) The Florida Institute for Governance and Civics of
  451  Politics is established at the Florida State University within
  452  the College of Social Sciences and Public Policy. The purpose of
  453  the institute is to provide the southeastern region of the
  454  United States with a world class, bipartisan, nationally
  455  renowned institute of politics.
  456         (2) The goals of the institute are to:
  457         (a) Provide students with access to an interdisciplinary
  458  hub that will develop academically rigorous scholarship and
  459  coursework on the origins of the American system of government,
  460  its foundational documents, its subsequent political traditions
  461  and evolutions, and its impact on comparative political systems
  462  Motivate students throughout the Florida State University to
  463  become aware of the significance of government and civic
  464  engagement at all levels and politics in general.
  465         (b) Encourage civic literacy in this state through the
  466  development of educational tools and resources for K-12 and
  467  postsecondary students which foster an understanding of how
  468  individual rights, constitutionalism, separation of powers, and
  469  federalism function within the American system Provide students
  470  with an opportunity to be politically active and civically
  471  engaged.
  472         (c) Model civic discourse that recognizes the importance of
  473  viewpoint diversity, intellectual rigor, and an evidence-based
  474  approach to history Nurture a greater awareness of and passion
  475  for public service and politics.
  476         (d) Plan and host forums to allow students and guests to
  477  hear from exceptional individuals who have excelled in a wide
  478  range of sectors of American life, to highlight the
  479  possibilities created by individual achievement and
  480  entrepreneurial vision and interact with experts from
  481  government, politics, policy, and journalism on a frequent
  482  basis.
  483         (e) Become a national and state resource on using polling
  484  instruments and other assessments to measure civic literacy and
  485  make recommendations for improving civic education information
  486  and survey methodology.
  487         (f) Provide fellowships and internship opportunities to
  488  students in government, nonprofit organizations, and community
  489  organizations.
  490         (g) Create through scholarship, original research,
  491  publications, symposia, testimonials, and other means a body of
  492  resources that can be accessed by students, scholars, and
  493  government officials to understand the innovations in public
  494  policy in this state over a rolling 30-year time period Provide
  495  training sessions for newly elected state and local public
  496  officials.
  497         (h) Organize and sponsor conferences, symposia, and
  498  workshops throughout this state to educate and inform citizens,
  499  elected officials, and appointed policymakers regarding
  500  effective policymaking techniques and processes.
  501         (i) Create and promote research and awareness regarding
  502  politics, citizen involvement, and public service.
  503         (j) Collaborate with related policy institutes and research
  504  activities at the Florida State University and other
  505  institutions of higher education to motivate, increase, and
  506  sustain citizen involvement in public affairs.
  507         Section 8. Subsection (3) is added to section 1004.64991,
  508  Florida Statutes, to read:
  509         1004.64991 The Adam Smith Center for the Study of Economic
  510  Freedom.—
  511         (3) In order to carry out the purpose set forth in this
  512  section, the institute is authorized to:
  513         (a) Hire necessary faculty and staff pursuant to s.
  514  1001.741;
  515         (b) Enroll students;
  516         (c) Develop curriculum and offer new courses, including
  517  honors courses, certificates, and major and minor programs;
  518         (d) Hold events, including fundraisers;
  519         (e) Fulfill other actions approved by the president of the
  520  university; and
  521         (f) Generate resources based on student credit hour
  522  enrollment, in the same manner as any college within the
  523  institution.
  524         Section 9. Subsection (3) of section 1007.25, Florida
  525  Statutes, is amended to read:
  526         1007.25 General education courses; common prerequisites;
  527  other degree requirements.—
  528         (3) The chair of the State Board of Education and the chair
  529  of the Board of Governors, or their designees, shall jointly
  530  appoint faculty committees to review and recommend to the
  531  Articulation Coordinating Committee for approval by the State
  532  Board of Education and the Board of Governors identify statewide
  533  general education core course options for inclusion in the
  534  statewide course numbering system established under s. 1007.24.
  535  Faculty committees shall, by July 1, 2024, and by July 1 every 4
  536  years thereafter, review and submit recommendations to the
  537  Articulation Coordinating Committee and the commissioner for the
  538  removal, alignment, realignment, or addition of general
  539  education core courses that satisfy the requirements of this
  540  subsection.
  541         (a) General education core course options shall consist of
  542  a maximum of five courses within each of the subject areas of
  543  communication, mathematics, social sciences, humanities, and
  544  natural sciences. The core courses may be revised, or the five
  545  course maximum within each subject area may be exceeded, if
  546  approved by the State Board of Education and the Board of
  547  Governors, as recommended by the subject area faculty committee
  548  and approved by the Articulation Coordinating Committee as
  549  necessary for a subject area.
  550         (b) Each general education core course option must contain
  551  high-level academic and critical thinking skills and common
  552  competencies that students must demonstrate to successfully
  553  complete the course.
  554         (c) General education core courses may not distort
  555  significant historical events or include a curriculum that
  556  teaches identity politics, violates s. 1000.05, or is based on
  557  theories that systemic racism, sexism, oppression, and privilege
  558  are inherent in the institutions of the United States and were
  559  created to maintain social, political, and economic inequities.
  560         (d) General education core courses must meet the following
  561  standards:
  562         1.Communication courses must afford students the ability
  563  to communicate effectively, including the ability to write
  564  clearly and engage in public speaking.
  565         2.Humanities courses must afford students the ability to
  566  think critically through the mastering of subjects concerned
  567  with human culture, especially literature, history, art, music,
  568  and philosophy, and must include selections from the Western
  569  canon.
  570         3.Social science courses must afford students an
  571  understanding of the basic social and behavioral science
  572  concepts and principles used in the analysis of behavior and
  573  past and present social, political, and economic issues.
  574         4.Natural science courses must afford students the ability
  575  to critically examine and evaluate the principles of the
  576  scientific method, model construction, and use the scientific
  577  method to explain natural experiences and phenomena.
  578         5.Mathematics courses must afford students a mastery of
  579  foundational mathematical and computation models and methods by
  580  applying such models and methods in problem solving.
  581         (e) Beginning with students initially entering a Florida
  582  College System institution or state university in 2015-2016 and
  583  thereafter, each student must complete at least one identified
  584  core course in each subject area as part of the general
  585  education course requirements. Beginning in the 2022-2023
  586  academic year and thereafter, students entering a technical
  587  degree education program as defined in s. 1004.02(13) must
  588  complete at least one identified core course in each subject
  589  area as part of the general education course requirements before
  590  a degree is awarded.
  591         (f) All public postsecondary educational institutions shall
  592  offer at least one general education core course in each of the
  593  identified subject areas and accept these courses as meeting
  594  general education core course requirements upon transfer,
  595  regardless of whether the receiving institution offers the
  596  identical general education core courses. The remaining general
  597  education course requirements shall be identified by each
  598  institution as approved in accordance with this section and
  599  listed in the statewide course numbering system and reported to
  600  the department by their statewide course number.
  601         (g) A public postsecondary educational institution may not
  602  require a student to complete an additional course to meet a
  603  subject area distribution requirement that was completed by the
  604  student with a course that has since been removed as a general
  605  education core course.
  606         (h) The general education core course options shall be
  607  adopted in rule by the State Board of Education and in
  608  regulation by the Board of Governors.
  609         Section 10. Section 1007.55, Florida Statutes, is created
  610  to read:
  611         1007.55 General education course principles, standards, and
  612  content.—
  613         (1) The Legislature finds it necessary to ensure that every
  614  undergraduate student of a Florida public postsecondary
  615  educational institution graduates as an informed citizen through
  616  participation in rigorous general education courses that promote
  617  and preserve the constitutional republic through traditional,
  618  historically accurate, and high-quality coursework. General
  619  education courses should provide broad foundational knowledge to
  620  help students develop intellectual skills and habits that enable
  621  them to become more effective and lifelong learners. Courses
  622  with a curriculum based on unproven, speculative, or exploratory
  623  content are best suited as elective or specific program
  624  prerequisite credit, not general education credit. General
  625  education courses must:
  626         (a)Meet the course standards as provided in s. 1007.25;
  627  and
  628         (b) Whenever applicable, provide instruction on the
  629  historical background and philosophical foundation of Western
  630  civilization and this nation’s historical documents, such as the
  631  Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, the
  632  Bill of Rights and subsequent amendments, and the Federalist
  633  Papers.
  634         (2) Public postsecondary educational institution boards of
  635  trustees and presidents are responsible for annually reviewing
  636  and approving, at a public meeting, general education course
  637  requirements, as authorized and approved in accordance with ss.
  638  1007.24 and 1007.25 and this section, at their respective
  639  institutions. The following must be included for each listed
  640  general education course:
  641         (a) The general education distribution area;
  642         (b) The number of state universities that offer the course
  643  and the number of Florida College System institutions that offer
  644  the course; and
  645         (c) The course level.
  646         (3) Public postsecondary educational institutions must
  647  report courses meeting institutional general education subject
  648  requirements to the department by their statewide course number.
  649         (4) In performing it duties under ss. 1007.24 and 1007.25,
  650  by December 1, 2024, and each December 1 thereafter, the
  651  Articulation Coordinating Committee shall submit to the State
  652  Board of Education and the Board of Governors courses that have
  653  been approved by public postsecondary educational institutions
  654  as meeting general education requirements. The listing of
  655  general education courses must include the information in
  656  paragraphs (2)(a), (b), and (c). The State Board of Education
  657  and the Board of Governors must approve or reject the list of
  658  general education courses for each Florida College System
  659  institution and state university, respectively.
  660         (5) Public postsecondary educational institutions that fail
  661  to comply with the requirements of this section are not eligible
  662  to receive performance-based funding pursuant to s. 1001.66 or
  663  s. 1001.92.
  664         (6) A public postsecondary educational institution may not
  665  require a student to take an additional course to meet a subject
  666  area distribution requirement that was completed by the student
  667  with a course that has since been removed as a general education
  668  course.
  669         (7) The State Board of Education and the Board of Governors
  670  shall adopt rules and regulations, respectively, to implement
  671  this section.
  672         Section 11. Present subsections (3) and (4) of section
  673  1008.47, Florida Statutes, are redesignated as subsections (4)
  674  and (5), respectively, a new subsection (3) is added to that
  675  section, and subsection (2) and present subsection (3) of that
  676  section are amended, to read:
  677         1008.47 Postsecondary education institution accreditation.—
  678         (2) ACCREDITATION.—
  679         (a) By September 1, 2022, the Board of Governors or the
  680  State Board of Education, as applicable, shall identify and
  681  determine the accrediting agencies or associations best suited
  682  to serve as an accreditor for public postsecondary institutions.
  683  Such accrediting agencies or associations must be recognized by
  684  the database created and maintained by the United States
  685  Department of Education. A public postsecondary institution may
  686  not be accredited by the same accrediting agency or association
  687  for consecutive accreditation cycles. In the year following
  688  reaffirmation or fifth-year review by its accrediting agencies
  689  or associations, each public postsecondary institution must seek
  690  and obtain accreditation from an accrediting agency or
  691  association identified by the Board of Governors or State Board
  692  of Education, respectively, before its next reaffirmation or
  693  fifth-year review date. The requirements in this section are
  694  limited to a one-time change in accreditation. The requirements
  695  of this subsection are not applicable to those professional,
  696  graduate, departmental, or certificate programs at public
  697  postsecondary institutions that have specific accreditation
  698  requirements or best practices, including, but not limited to,
  699  law, pharmacy, engineering, or other similarly situated
  700  educational programs.
  701         (b) Once a public postsecondary institution is required to
  702  seek and obtain accreditation from an agency or association
  703  identified pursuant to paragraph (a), the institution shall seek
  704  accreditation from a regional accrediting agency or association
  705  and provide quarterly reports of its progress to the Board of
  706  Governors or State Board of Education, as applicable. If each
  707  regional accreditation agency or association identified pursuant
  708  to paragraph (a) has refused to grant candidacy status to an
  709  institution, the institution must shall seek and obtain
  710  accreditation from any accrediting agency or association that is
  711  different from its current accrediting agency or association and
  712  is recognized by the database created and maintained by the
  713  United States Department of Education. If a public postsecondary
  714  institution is not granted candidacy status before its next
  715  reaffirmation or fifth-year review date, the institution may
  716  remain with its current accrediting agency or association.
  717         (c) This subsection expires December 31, 2032.
  718         (3) PROHIBITION.—An accrediting agency or association may
  719  not compel any public postsecondary institution to violate state
  720  law, and any adverse action upon the institution based upon the
  721  institution’s compliance with state law constitutes a violation
  722  of this section that may be enforced through subsection (4),
  723  except to the extent that state law is preempted by a federal
  724  law that recognizes the necessity of the accreditation standard
  725  or requirement.
  726         (4)(3) CAUSE OF ACTION.—A postsecondary education
  727  institution negatively impacted by retaliatory or adverse action
  728  taken against the postsecondary education institution by an
  729  accrediting agency or association may bring an action against
  730  the accrediting agency or association in a court of competent
  731  jurisdiction and may obtain liquidated damages in up to the
  732  amount of federal financial aid received by the postsecondary
  733  education institution, court costs, and reasonable attorney
  734  fees.
  735         Section 12. Paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of subsection (18)
  736  of section 1009.26, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
  737         1009.26 Fee Waivers.—
  738         (18)(a) For every course in a Program of Strategic
  739  Emphasis, or in a state-approved teacher preparation program
  740  identified by the Board of Governors, as identified in
  741  subparagraph 3., in which a student is enrolled, a state
  742  university shall waive 100 percent of the tuition and fees for
  743  an equivalent course in such program for a student who:
  744         1. Is a resident for tuition purposes under s. 1009.21.
  745         2. Has earned at least 60 semester credit hours towards a
  746  baccalaureate degree within 2 academic years after initial
  747  enrollment at a Florida public postsecondary institution.
  748         3. Enrolls in one of 10 Programs of Strategic Emphasis as
  749  adopted by the Board of Governors or in one of two state
  750  approved teacher preparation programs identified by the Board of
  751  Governors. The Board of Governors shall adopt eight Programs of
  752  Strategic Emphasis in science, technology, engineering, or math;
  753  and, beginning with the 2022-2023 academic year, two Programs of
  754  Strategic Emphasis in the critical workforce gap analysis
  755  category; and beginning with the 2023-2024 academic year, two
  756  state-approved teacher preparation programs for which a student
  757  may be eligible to receive the tuition and fee waiver authorized
  758  by this subsection. The programs identified by the board must
  759  reflect the priorities of the state and be offered at a majority
  760  of state universities at the time the Board of Governors
  761  approves the list.
  762         (b) A waiver granted under this subsection is applicable
  763  only for upper-level courses and up to 110 percent of the number
  764  of required credit hours of the baccalaureate degree program for
  765  which the student is enrolled. A student granted a waiver under
  766  this subsection shall continue receiving the waiver until the
  767  student graduates, exceeds the number of allowable credit hours,
  768  or withdraws from an eligible program, regardless of whether the
  769  program is removed from the approved list of eligible programs
  770  subsequent to the student’s enrollment.
  771         (c) Upon enrollment in a Program of Strategic Emphasis or
  772  in one of two teacher preparation programs identified by the
  773  Board of Governors, the tuition and fees waived under this
  774  subsection must be reported for state funding purposes under ss.
  775  1009.534 and 1009.535 and must be disbursed to the student. The
  776  amount disbursed to the student must shall be equal to the award
  777  amount the student has received under s. 1009.534(2) or s.
  778  1009.535(2).
  779         Section 13. This act shall take effect July 1, 2023.