Florida Senate - 2023 SB 564 By Senator Hutson 7-01566-23 2023564__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to interchange fees on taxes; creating 3 s. 655.969, F.S.; defining terms; requiring that 4 certain taxes listed on evidences of sales must be 5 excluded from the amount on which an interchange fee 6 is charged for that electronic payment transaction; 7 specifying requirements for payment card networks in 8 deducting taxes or rebating amounts; specifying 9 requirements for payment card networks if a merchant 10 or seller is unable to capture and transmit tax 11 amounts relevant to the sale at the time of sale; 12 providing a penalty; providing an effective date. 13 14 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 15 16 Section 1. Section 655.969, Florida Statutes, is created to 17 read: 18 655.969 Interchange fees on taxes prohibited.— 19 (1) As used in this section, the term: 20 (a) “Credit card” means a card, plate, coupon book, or 21 other credit device existing for the purpose of obtaining money, 22 property, labor, or services on credit. 23 (b) “Debit card”: 24 1. Means a card, or other payment code or device, issued or 25 approved for use through a payment card network to debit an 26 asset account, regardless of the purpose for which the account 27 is established, whether authorization is based on signature, 28 personal identification number, or other means; 29 2. Includes a general-use prepaid card as defined in 15 30 U.S.C. s. 1693l-1; and 31 3. Excludes paper checks. 32 (c) “Electronic payment transaction” means a transaction in 33 which a person uses a debit card, credit card, or other payment 34 code or device, issued or approved through a payment card 35 network, to debit a deposit account or use a line of credit, 36 whether authorization is based on a signature, personal 37 identification number, or other means. 38 (d) “Interchange fee” means a fee established, charged, or 39 received by a payment card network for the purpose of 40 compensating the issuer for its involvement in an electronic 41 payment transaction. 42 (e) “Issuer” means a person, or the person’s agent, issuing 43 a debit card or credit card. 44 (f) “Payment card network” means an entity that: 45 1. Directly or through licensed members, processors, or 46 agents, provides the proprietary services, infrastructure, and 47 software that routes information and data to conduct debit card 48 or credit card transaction authorization, clearance, and 49 settlement; and 50 2. A merchant or seller uses to accept as a form of payment 51 a brand of debit card, credit card, or other device that may be 52 used to carry out debit or credit transactions. 53 (g) “Settlement” means the transfer of funds from a 54 customer’s account to a seller or merchant upon electronic 55 submission of finalized sales transactions to the payment card 56 network. 57 (h) “Tax” means all taxes and fees levied under chapters 58 125 and 212. 59 (2) The amount of tax listed separately on the payment 60 invoice, sales slip, or other evidence of sale must be excluded 61 from the amount on which an interchange fee is charged for that 62 electronic payment transaction. 63 (3) A payment card network shall either: 64 (a) Deduct the amount of tax imposed from the calculation 65 of interchange fees specific to each form or type of electronic 66 payment transaction; or 67 (b) Rebate an amount of interchange fees proportionate to 68 the amount attributable to the tax. 69 (4) The deduction or rebate must occur at the time of 70 settlement when the merchant or seller is able to capture and 71 transmit tax amounts relevant to the sale at the time of sale as 72 part of the transaction finalization. 73 (5) If a merchant or seller is unable to capture and 74 transmit tax amounts relevant to the sale at the time of sale, 75 the payment card network must accept proof of tax amounts 76 collected on sales subject to an interchange fee upon the 77 submission of sales data by the merchant or seller, and promptly 78 credit the merchant or seller’s settlement account. 79 (6) A payment card network that violates this section is 80 subject to a civil penalty of up to $1,000 per violation and 81 shall refund the surcharge to each merchant or seller. 82 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2023.