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2012 Florida Statutes

Chapter 719
COOPERATIVES
CHAPTER 719
CHAPTER 719
COOPERATIVES
GENERAL PROVISIONS
(ss. 719.101-719.127)
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF DEVELOPERS
(ss. 719.202, 719.203)
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF ASSOCIATION
(ss. 719.301-719.304)
SPECIAL TYPES OF COOPERATIVES
(ss. 719.401-719.403)
REGULATION AND DISCLOSURE PRIOR TO SALE OF RESIDENTIAL
COOPERATIVES
(ss. 719.501-719.508)
CONVERSIONS TO COOPERATIVE
(ss. 719.604-719.622)
GENERAL PROVISIONS
719.101 Short title.
719.102 Purpose.
719.103 Definitions.
719.1035 Creation of cooperatives.
719.104 Cooperatives; access to units; records; financial reports; assessments; purchase of leases.
719.105 Cooperative parcels; appurtenances; possession and enjoyment.
719.1055 Amendment of cooperative documents; alteration and acquisition of property.
719.106 Bylaws; cooperative ownership.
719.1064 Failure to fill vacancies on board of administration; appointment of receiver upon petition of unit owner.
719.1065 Power of attorney; compliance with chapter.
719.107 Common expenses; assessment.
719.108 Rents and assessments; liability; lien and priority; interest; collection; cooperative ownership.
719.109 Right of owners to peaceably assemble.
719.110 Limitation on actions by association.
719.111 Attorney’s fees.
719.112 Unconscionability of certain leases; rebuttable presumption.
719.1124 Failure to fill vacancies on board of administration sufficient to constitute a quorum; appointment of receiver upon petition of unit owner.
719.114 Separate taxation of cooperative parcels; survival of contractual provisions after tax sale.
719.115 Limitation of liability.
719.1255 Alternative resolution of disputes.
719.127 Receivership notification.
719.101 Short title.This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the “Cooperative Act.”
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222.
719.102 Purpose.The purpose of this chapter is to give statutory recognition to the cooperative form of ownership of real property. It shall not be construed as repealing or amending any law now in effect, except those in conflict herewith, and any such conflicting laws shall be affected only insofar as they apply to cooperatives.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222.
719.103 Definitions.As used in this chapter:
(1) “Assessment” means a share of the funds required for the payment of common expenses, which from time to time is assessed against the unit owner.
(2) “Association” means the corporation for profit or not for profit that owns the record interest in the cooperative property or a leasehold of the property of a cooperative and that is responsible for the operation of the cooperative.
(3) “Board of administration” means the board of directors or other representative body responsible for administration of the association.
(4) “Buyer” means a person who purchases a cooperative. The term “purchaser” may be used interchangeably with the term “buyer.”
(5) “Bylaws” means the bylaws of the association existing from time to time.
(6) “Committee” means a group of board members, unit owners, or board members and unit owners appointed by the board or a member of the board to make recommendations to the board regarding the association budget or take action on behalf of the board.
(7) “Common areas” means the portions of the cooperative property not included in the units.
(8) “Common areas” includes within its meaning the following:
(a) The cooperative property which is not included within the units.
(b) Easements through units for conduits, ducts, plumbing, wiring, and other facilities for the furnishing of utility services to units and the common areas.
(c) An easement of support in every portion of a unit which contributes to the support of a building.
(d) The property and installations required for the furnishing of utilities and other services to more than one unit or to the common areas.
(e) Any other part of the cooperative property designated in the cooperative documents as common areas.
(9) “Common expenses” means all expenses and assessments properly incurred by the association for the cooperative.
(10) “Common surplus” means the excess of all receipts of the associationincluding, but not limited to, assessments, rents, profits, and revenues on account of the common areas—over the amount of common expenses.
(11) “Conspicuous type” means type in capital letters no smaller than the largest type on the page on which it appears.
(12) “Cooperative” means that form of ownership of real property wherein legal title is vested in a corporation or other entity and the beneficial use is evidenced by an ownership interest in the association and a lease or other muniment of title or possession granted by the association as the owner of all the cooperative property.
(13) “Cooperative documents” means:
(a) The documents that create a cooperative, including, but not limited to, articles of incorporation of the association, bylaws, and the ground lease or other underlying lease, if any.
(b) The document evidencing a unit owner’s membership or share in the association.
(c) The document recognizing a unit owner’s title or right of possession to his or her unit.
(14) “Cooperative parcel” means the shares or other evidence of ownership in a cooperative representing an undivided share in the assets of the association, together with the lease or other muniment of title or possession.
(15) “Cooperative property” means the lands, leaseholds, and personal property owned by a cooperative association.
(16) “Developer” means a person who creates a cooperative or who offers cooperative parcels for sale or lease in the ordinary course of business, but does not include the owner or lessee of a unit who has acquired or leased the unit for his or her own occupancy, nor does it include a condominium association which creates a cooperative by conversion of an existing residential condominium after control of the association has been transferred to the unit owners if, following the conversion, the unit owners will be the same persons.
(17) “Division” means the Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation.
(18) “Equity facilities club” means a club comprised of recreational facilities in which proprietary membership interests are sold to individuals, which membership interests entitle the individuals to use certain physical facilities owned by the equity club. Such physical facilities do not include a residential unit or accommodation. For purposes of this definition, the term “accommodation” shall include, but is not limited to, any apartment, residential cooperative unit, residential condominium unit, cabin, lodge, hotel or motel room, or other accommodation designed for overnight occupancy for one or more individuals.
(19) “Limited common areas” means those common areas which are reserved for the use of a certain cooperative unit or units to the exclusion of other units, as specified in the cooperative documents.
(20) “Operation” or “operation of the cooperative” includes the administration and management of the cooperative property.
(21) “Rental agreement” means any written agreement, or oral agreement if for less duration than 1 year, providing for use and occupancy of premises.
(22) “Residential cooperative” means a cooperative consisting of cooperative units, any of which are intended for use as a private residence. A cooperative is not a residential cooperative if the use of the units is intended as primarily commercial or industrial and not more than three units are intended to be used for private residence, domicile, or homestead, or if the units are intended to be used as housing for maintenance, managerial, janitorial, or other operational staff of the cooperative. If a cooperative is a residential cooperative under this definition, but has units intended to be commercial or industrial, then the cooperative is a residential cooperative with respect to those units intended for use as a private residence, domicile, or homestead, but not a residential cooperative with respect to those units intended for use commercially or industrially. With respect to a timeshare cooperative, the timeshare instrument as defined in s. 721.05 shall govern the intended use of each unit in the cooperative.
(23) “Special assessment” means any assessment levied against unit owners other than the assessment required by a budget adopted annually.
(24) “Timeshare estate” means any interest in a unit under which the exclusive right of use, possession, or occupancy of the unit circulates among the various purchasers of a timeshare plan pursuant to chapter 721 on a recurring basis for a period of time.
(25) “Unit” means a part of the cooperative property which is subject to exclusive use and possession. A unit may be improvements, land, or land and improvements together, as specified in the cooperative documents.
(26) “Unit owner” or “owner of a unit” means the person holding a share in the cooperative association and a lease or other muniment of title or possession of a unit that is granted by the association as the owner of the cooperative property.
(27) “Voting certificate” means a document which designates one of the record title owners, or the corporate, partnership, or entity representative who is authorized to vote on behalf of a cooperative unit that is owned by more than one owner or by any entity.
(28) “Voting interests” means the voting rights distributed to the association members as provided for in the articles of incorporation.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 8, ch. 80-3; s. 10, ch. 86-175; s. 17, ch. 92-49; s. 874, ch. 97-102; s. 8, ch. 98-322; s. 5, ch. 99-382; s. 1, ch. 2000-302; s. 6, ch. 2007-173; s. 55, ch. 2008-240.
719.1035 Creation of cooperatives.
(1) The date when cooperative existence shall commence is upon commencement of corporate existence of the cooperative association as provided in s. 607.0203. The cooperative documents must be recorded in the county in which the cooperative is located before property may be conveyed or transferred to the cooperative. All persons who have any record interest in any mortgage encumbering the interest in the land being submitted to cooperative ownership must either join in the execution of the cooperative documents or execute, with the requirements for deed, and record, a consent to the cooperative documents or an agreement subordinating their mortgage interest to the cooperative documents. Upon creation of a cooperative, the developer or association shall file the recording information with the division within 30 working days on a form prescribed by the division.
(2) All provisions of the cooperative documents are enforceable equitable servitudes, run with the land, and are effective until the cooperative is terminated.
History.s. 11, ch. 86-175; s. 188, ch. 90-179; s. 41, ch. 95-274; s. 9, ch. 98-322; s. 6, ch. 99-382.
719.104 Cooperatives; access to units; records; financial reports; assessments; purchase of leases.
(1) RIGHT OF ACCESS TO UNITS.The association has the irrevocable right of access to each unit from time to time during reasonable hours when necessary for the maintenance, repair, or replacement of any structural components of the building or of any mechanical, electrical, or plumbing elements necessary to prevent damage to the building or to another unit.
(2) OFFICIAL RECORDS.
(a) From the inception of the association, the association shall maintain a copy of each of the following, where applicable, which shall constitute the official records of the association:
1. The plans, permits, warranties, and other items provided by the developer pursuant to s. 719.301(4).
2. A photocopy of the cooperative documents.
3. A copy of the current rules of the association.
4. A book or books containing the minutes of all meetings of the association, of the board of directors, and of the unit owners, which minutes shall be retained for a period of not less than 7 years.
5. A current roster of all unit owners and their mailing addresses, unit identifications, voting certifications, and, if known, telephone numbers. The association shall also maintain the electronic mailing addresses and the numbers designated by unit owners for receiving notice sent by electronic transmission of those unit owners consenting to receive notice by electronic transmission. The electronic mailing addresses and numbers provided by unit owners to receive notice by electronic transmission shall be removed from association records when consent to receive notice by electronic transmission is revoked. However, the association is not liable for an erroneous disclosure of the electronic mail address or the number for receiving electronic transmission of notices.
6. All current insurance policies of the association.
7. A current copy of any management agreement, lease, or other contract to which the association is a party or under which the association or the unit owners have an obligation or responsibility.
8. Bills of sale or transfer for all property owned by the association.
9. Accounting records for the association and separate accounting records for each unit it operates, according to good accounting practices. All accounting records shall be maintained for a period of not less than 7 years. The accounting records shall include, but not be limited to:
a. Accurate, itemized, and detailed records of all receipts and expenditures.
b. A current account and a monthly, bimonthly, or quarterly statement of the account for each unit designating the name of the unit owner, the due date and amount of each assessment, the amount paid upon the account, and the balance due.
c. All audits, reviews, accounting statements, and financial reports of the association.
d. All contracts for work to be performed. Bids for work to be performed shall also be considered official records and shall be maintained for a period of 1 year.
10. Ballots, sign-in sheets, voting proxies, and all other papers relating to voting by unit owners, which shall be maintained for a period of 1 year after the date of the election, vote, or meeting to which the document relates.
11. All rental records where the association is acting as agent for the rental of units.
12. A copy of the current question and answer sheet as described in s. 719.504.
13. All other records of the association not specifically included in the foregoing which are related to the operation of the association.
(b) The official records of the association shall be maintained within the state. The records of the association shall be made available to a unit owner within 5 working days after receipt of written request by the board or its designee. This paragraph may be complied with by having a copy of the official records available for inspection or copying on the cooperative property.
(c) The official records of the association shall be open to inspection by any association member or the authorized representative of such member at all reasonable times. Failure to permit inspection of the association records as provided herein entitles any person prevailing in an enforcement action to recover reasonable attorney’s fees from the person in control of the records who, directly or indirectly, knowingly denies access to the records for inspection. The right to inspect the records includes the right to make or obtain copies, at the reasonable expense, if any, of the association member. The association may adopt reasonable rules regarding the frequency, time, location, notice, and manner of record inspections and copying. The failure of an association to provide the records within 10 working days after receipt of a written request creates a rebuttable presumption that the association willfully failed to comply with this paragraph. A unit owner who is denied access to official records is entitled to the actual damages or minimum damages for the association’s willful failure to comply with this paragraph. The minimum damages shall be $50 per calendar day up to 10 days, the calculation to begin on the 11th day after receipt of the written request. The association shall maintain an adequate number of copies of the declaration, articles of incorporation, bylaws, and rules, and all amendments to each of the foregoing, as well as the question and answer sheet provided for in s. 719.504, on the cooperative property to ensure their availability to unit owners and prospective purchasers, and may charge its actual costs for preparing and furnishing these documents to those requesting the same. Notwithstanding the provisions of this paragraph, the following records shall not be accessible to unit owners:
1. A record that was prepared by an association attorney or prepared at the attorney’s express direction; that reflects a mental impression, conclusion, litigation strategy, or legal theory of the attorney or the association; or that was prepared exclusively for civil or criminal litigation or for adversarial administrative proceedings or in anticipation of imminent civil or criminal litigation or imminent adversarial administrative proceedings, until the conclusion of the litigation or adversarial administrative proceedings.
2. Information obtained by an association in connection with the approval of the lease, sale, or other transfer of a unit.
3. Medical records of unit owners.
(d) The association or its authorized agent shall not be required to provide a prospective purchaser or lienholder with information about the cooperative or association other than the information or documents required by this chapter to be made available or disclosed. The association or its authorized agent shall be entitled to charge a reasonable fee to the prospective purchaser, lienholder, or the current unit owner for its time in providing good faith responses to requests for information by or on behalf of a prospective purchaser or lienholder, other than that required by law, provided that such fee shall not exceed $150 plus the reasonable cost of photocopying and any attorney’s fees incurred by the association in connection with the association’s response.
(3) INSURANCE.The association shall use its best efforts to obtain and maintain adequate insurance to protect the association property. The association may also obtain and maintain liability insurance for directors and officers, insurance for the benefit of association employees, and flood insurance. A copy of each policy of insurance in effect shall be made available for inspection by unit owners at reasonable times.
(a) Windstorm insurance coverage for a group of no fewer than three communities created and operating under chapter 718, this chapter, chapter 720, or chapter 721 may be obtained and maintained for the communities if the insurance coverage is sufficient to cover an amount equal to the probable maximum loss for the communities for a 250-year windstorm event. Such probable maximum loss must be determined through the use of a competent model that has been accepted by the Florida Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodology. Such insurance coverage is deemed adequate windstorm insurance for the purposes of this section.
(b) An association or group of associations may self-insure against claims against the association, the association property, and the cooperative property required to be insured by an association, upon compliance with the applicable provisions of ss. 624.460-624.488, which shall be considered adequate insurance for purposes of this section.
(4) FINANCIAL REPORT.
(a) Within 60 days following the end of the fiscal or calendar year or annually on such date as is otherwise provided in the bylaws of the association, the board of administration of the association shall mail or furnish by personal delivery to each unit owner a complete financial report of actual receipts and expenditures for the previous 12 months, or a complete set of financial statements for the preceding fiscal year prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting procedures. The report shall show the amounts of receipts by accounts and receipt classifications and shall show the amounts of expenses by accounts and expense classifications including, if applicable, but not limited to, the following:
1. Costs for security;
2. Professional and management fees and expenses;
3. Taxes;
4. Costs for recreation facilities;
5. Expenses for refuse collection and utility services;
6. Expenses for lawn care;
7. Costs for building maintenance and repair;
8. Insurance costs;
9. Administrative and salary expenses; and
10. Reserves for capital expenditures, deferred maintenance, and any other category for which the association maintains a reserve account or accounts.
(b) The division shall adopt rules that may require that the association deliver to the unit owners, in lieu of the financial report required by this section, a complete set of financial statements for the preceding fiscal year. The financial statements shall be delivered within 90 days following the end of the previous fiscal year or annually on such other date as provided in the bylaws. The rules of the division may require that the financial statements be compiled, reviewed, or audited, and the rules shall take into consideration the criteria set forth in s. 719.501(1)(j). The requirement to have the financial statements compiled, reviewed, or audited does not apply to associations if a majority of the voting interests of the association present at a duly called meeting of the association have determined for a fiscal year to waive this requirement. In an association in which turnover of control by the developer has not occurred, the developer may vote to waive the audit requirement for the first 2 years of the operation of the association, after which time waiver of an applicable audit requirement shall be by a majority of voting interests other than the developer. The meeting shall be held prior to the end of the fiscal year, and the waiver shall be effective for only one fiscal year. This subsection does not apply to a cooperative that consists of 50 or fewer units.
(5) ASSESSMENTS.The association has the power to make and collect assessments and to lease, maintain, repair, and replace the common areas. However, the association may not charge a use fee against the unit owner for the use of common areas unless otherwise provided for in the cooperative documents or by a majority vote of the association or unless the charges relate to expenses incurred by an owner having exclusive use of common areas.
(6) PURCHASE OF LEASES.The association has the power to purchase any land or recreation lease upon the approval of such voting interest as is required by the cooperative documents. If the cooperative documents make no provision for acquisition of the land or recreational lease, the vote required is that required to amend the cooperative documents to permit the acquisition.
(7) COMMINGLING.All funds shall be maintained separately in the association’s name. Reserve and operating funds of the association shall not be commingled unless combined for investment purposes. This subsection is not meant to prohibit prudent investment of association funds even if combined with operating or other reserve funds of the same association, but such funds must be accounted for separately, and the combined account balance may not, at any time, be less than the amount identified as reserve funds in the combined account. No manager or business entity required to be licensed or registered under s. 468.432, or an agent, employee, officer, or director of a cooperative association may commingle any association funds with his or her own funds or with the funds of any other cooperative association or community association as defined in s. 468.431.
(8) CORPORATE ENTITY.
(a) The officers and directors of the association have a fiduciary relationship to the unit owners. An officer, director, or manager may not solicit, offer to accept, or accept any thing or service of value for which consideration has not been provided for his or her own benefit or that of his or her immediate family, from any person providing or proposing to provide goods or services to the association. Any such officer, director, or manager who knowingly solicits, offers to accept, or accepts any thing or service of value is subject to a civil penalty pursuant to s. 719.501(1)(d). However, this paragraph does not prohibit an officer, director, or manager from accepting services or items received in connection with trade fairs or education programs.
(b) A director of the association who is present at a meeting of its board at which action on any corporate matter is taken is presumed to have assented to the action taken unless the director votes against such action or abstains from voting in respect thereto because of an asserted conflict of interest. Directors may not vote by proxy or by secret ballot at board meetings, except that officers may be elected by secret ballot. A vote or abstention for each member present shall be recorded in the minutes.
(c) A unit owner does not have any authority to act for the association by reason of being a unit owner.
(9) EASEMENTS.Unless prohibited by the cooperative documents, the board of administration has the authority, without the joinder of any unit owner, to grant, modify, or move any easement, if the easement constitutes part of or crosses the common areas or association property. This subsection does not authorize the board of administration to modify, move, or vacate any easement created in whole or in part for the use or benefit of anyone other than the unit owners, or crossing the property of anyone other than the unit owners, without the consent or approval of those other persons having the use or benefit of the easement, as required by law or by the instrument creating the easement.
(10) POWERS AND DUTIES.The powers and duties of the association include those set forth in this section and, except as expressly limited or restricted in this chapter, those set forth in the articles of incorporation and bylaws and chapters 607 and 617, as applicable.
(11) NOTIFICATION OF DIVISION.When the board of directors intends to dissolve or merge the cooperative association, the board shall so notify the division before taking any action to dissolve or merge the cooperative association.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 79-284; s. 12, ch. 86-175; s. 18, ch. 92-49; s. 2, ch. 94-77; s. 236, ch. 94-218; s. 42, ch. 95-274; s. 875, ch. 97-102; s. 10, ch. 98-322; s. 7, ch. 99-382; s. 8, ch. 2003-14; s. 11, ch. 2007-80.
719.105 Cooperative parcels; appurtenances; possession and enjoyment.
(1) Each cooperative parcel has, as appurtenances thereto:
(a) Evidence of membership, ownership of shares, or other interest in the association with the full voting rights appertaining thereto. Such evidence must include a legal description of each dwelling unit and must be recorded in the office of the clerk of the circuit court as required by s. 201.02(3).
(b) An undivided share in the assets of the association.
(c) The exclusive right to use that portion of the common areas as may be provided by the cooperative documents.
(d) An undivided share in the common surplus attributable to the unit.
(e) Any other appurtenances provided for in the cooperative documents.
(2) Each unit owner is entitled to the exclusive possession of his or her unit. The unit owner is entitled to use the common areas in accordance with the purposes for which they are intended, but no use may hinder or encroach upon the rights of other unit owners.
(3) When a unit is leased, the tenant has all use rights in the association property available for use generally by the unit owner and the unit owner does not have such rights except as a guest. This subsection does not interfere with the access rights of the unit owner as a landlord pursuant to chapter 83. The association may adopt rules to prohibit dual usage by a unit owner and a tenant of cooperative property.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 13, ch. 86-175; s. 11, ch. 92-32; s. 19, ch. 92-49; s. 876, ch. 97-102.
719.1055 Amendment of cooperative documents; alteration and acquisition of property.
(1) Unless otherwise provided in the original cooperative documents, no amendment thereto may change the configuration or size of any cooperative unit in any material fashion, materially alter or modify the appurtenances of the unit, or change the proportion or percentage by which the owner of the parcel shares the common expenses and owns the common surplus, unless the record owner of the unit and all record owners of liens on it join in the execution of the amendment and unless the record owners of all other units approve the amendment. Cooperative documents in cooperatives created after July 1, 1994, may not require less than a majority of total voting interests for amendments under this section, unless required by any governmental entity.
(2) Unless a lower number is provided in the cooperative documents or unless such action is expressly prohibited by the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the cooperative, the acquisition of real property by the association, and material alterations or substantial additions to such property by the association shall not be deemed to constitute a material alteration or modification of the appurtenances to the unit if such action is approved by two-thirds of the total voting interests of the cooperative.
(3)(a) Unless other procedures are provided in the cooperative documents or such action is expressly prohibited by the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the cooperative, the association may materially alter, convert, lease, or modify the common areas of the mobile home cooperative if the action is approved by two-thirds of the total voting interests of the cooperative.
(b) The association may change the configuration or size of a unit only if the action is approved by the affected unit owners and by two-thirds of the total voting interests of the cooperative.
(4)(a) If the cooperative documents fail to provide a method of amendment, the documents may be amended as to all matters except those described in subsection (1) if the amendment is approved by the owners of not less than two-thirds of the units.
(b) No provision of the cooperative documents shall be revised or amended by reference to its title or number only. Proposals to amend existing provisions of the cooperative documents shall contain the full text of the provision to be amended, new words shall be inserted in the text and underlined, and words to be deleted shall be lined through with hyphens. However, if the proposed change is so extensive that this procedure would hinder, rather than assist, the understanding of the proposed amendment, it is not necessary to use underlining and hyphens as indicators of words added or deleted, but instead, a notation must be inserted immediately preceding the proposed amendment in substantially the following language: “Substantial rewording of document. See provision for present text.”
(c) Nonmaterial errors or omissions in the amendment process will not invalidate an otherwise properly promulgated amendment.
(5) The bylaws must include a provision whereby a certificate of compliance from a licensed electrical contractor or electrician may be accepted by the association’s board as evidence of compliance of the cooperative units with the applicable fire and life safety code.
(a)1. Notwithstanding chapter 633 or any other code, statute, ordinance, administrative rule, or regulation, or any interpretation of the foregoing, a cooperative or unit owner is not obligated to retrofit the common elements or units of a residential cooperative with a fire sprinkler system in a building that has been certified for occupancy by the applicable governmental entity if the unit owners have voted to forego such retrofitting by the affirmative vote of a majority of all voting interests in the affected cooperative. The local authority having jurisdiction may not require completion of retrofitting with a fire sprinkler system before the end of 2019. By December 31, 2016, a cooperative that is not in compliance with the requirements for a fire sprinkler system and has not voted to forego retrofitting of such a system must initiate an application for a building permit for the required installation with the local government having jurisdiction demonstrating that the cooperative will become compliant by December 31, 2019.
2. A vote to forego retrofitting may be obtained by limited proxy or by a ballot personally cast at a duly called membership meeting, or by execution of a written consent by the member, and is effective upon recording a certificate attesting to such vote in the public records of the county where the cooperative is located. The cooperative shall mail or hand deliver to each unit owner written notice at least 14 days before the membership meeting in which the vote to forego retrofitting of the required fire sprinkler system is to take place. Within 30 days after the cooperative’s opt-out vote, notice of the results of the opt-out vote must be mailed or hand delivered to all unit owners. Evidence of compliance with this notice requirement must be made by affidavit executed by the person providing the notice and filed among the official records of the cooperative. After notice is provided to each owner, a copy must be provided by the current owner to a new owner before closing and by a unit owner to a renter before signing a lease.
(b) If there has been a previous vote to forego retrofitting, a vote to require retrofitting may be obtained at a special meeting of the unit owners called by a petition of least 10 percent of the voting interests. Such vote may only be called once every 3 years. Notice must be provided as required for any regularly called meeting of the unit owners, and the notice must state the purpose of the meeting. Electronic transmission may not be used to provide notice of a meeting called in whole or in part for this purpose.
(c) As part of the information collected annually from cooperatives, the division shall require associations to report the membership vote and recording of a certificate under this subsection and, if retrofitting has been undertaken, the per-unit cost of such work. The division shall annually report to the Division of State Fire Marshal of the Department of Financial Services the number of cooperatives that have elected to forego retrofitting.
(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 633 or of any other code, statute, ordinance, administrative rule, or regulation, or any interpretation thereof, a cooperative or unit owner is not obligated to retrofit the common elements or units of a residential cooperative that meets the definition of “housing for older persons” in s. 760.29(4)(b)3. to comply with requirements relating to handrails and guardrails in a building that has been certified for occupancy by the applicable governmental entity, if the unit owners have voted to forego such retrofitting by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of all voting interests in the affected cooperative. However, a cooperative may not forego the retrofitting in common areas in a high-rise building. For purposes of this subsection, the term “high-rise building” means a building that is greater than 75 feet in height where the building height is measured from the lowest level of fire department access to the floor of the highest occupiable story. For purposes of this subsection, the term “common areas” means stairwells and exposed, outdoor walkways and corridors. In no event shall the local authority having jurisdiction require completion of retrofitting of common areas with handrails and guardrails before the end of 2014.
(a) A vote to forego retrofitting may not be obtained by general proxy or limited proxy, but shall be obtained by a vote personally cast at a duly called membership meeting, or by execution of a written consent by the member, and shall be effective upon the recording of a certificate attesting to such vote in the public records of the county where the cooperative is located. The association shall provide each unit owner written notice of the vote to forego retrofitting of the required handrails or guardrails, or both, in at least 16-point bold type, by certified mail, within 20 days after the association’s vote. After such notice is provided to each owner, a copy of such notice shall be provided by the current owner to a new owner prior to closing and shall be provided by a unit owner to a renter prior to signing a lease.
(b) As part of the information collected annually from cooperatives, the division shall require associations to report the membership vote and recording of a certificate under this subsection and, if retrofitting has been undertaken, the per-unit cost of such work. The division shall annually report to the Division of State Fire Marshal of the Department of Financial Services the number of cooperatives that have elected to forego retrofitting.
History.s. 5, ch. 88-148; s. 16, ch. 94-350; s. 6, ch. 96-396; s. 8, ch. 99-382; s. 6, ch. 2003-14; s. 2, ch. 2004-80; s. 9, ch. 2004-345; s. 5, ch. 2004-353; s. 20, ch. 2010-174.
719.106 Bylaws; cooperative ownership.
(1) MANDATORY PROVISIONS.The bylaws or other cooperative documents shall provide for the following, and if they do not, they shall be deemed to include the following:
(a) Administration.
1. The form of administration of the association shall be described, indicating the titles of the officers and board of administration and specifying the powers, duties, manner of selection and removal, and compensation, if any, of officers and board members. In the absence of such a provision, the board of administration shall be composed of five members, except in the case of cooperatives having five or fewer units, in which case in not-for-profit corporations, the board shall consist of not fewer than three members. In the absence of provisions to the contrary, the board of administration shall have a president, a secretary, and a treasurer, who shall perform the duties of those offices customarily performed by officers of corporations. Unless prohibited in the bylaws, the board of administration may appoint other officers and grant them those duties it deems appropriate. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, the officers shall serve without compensation and at the pleasure of the board. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, the members of the board shall serve without compensation.
2. When a unit owner files a written inquiry by certified mail with the board of administration, the board shall respond in writing to the unit owner within 30 days of receipt of the inquiry. The board’s response shall either give a substantive response to the inquirer, notify the inquirer that a legal opinion has been requested, or notify the inquirer that advice has been requested from the division. If the board requests advice from the division, the board shall, within 10 days of its receipt of the advice, provide in writing a substantive response to the inquirer. If a legal opinion is requested, the board shall, within 60 days after the receipt of the inquiry, provide in writing a substantive response to the inquirer. The failure to provide a substantive response to the inquirer as provided herein precludes the board from recovering attorney’s fees and costs in any subsequent litigation, administrative proceeding, or arbitration arising out of the inquiry. The association may, through its board of administration, adopt reasonable rules and regulations regarding the frequency and manner of responding to the unit owners’ inquiries, one of which may be that the association is obligated to respond to only one written inquiry per unit in any given 30-day period. In such case, any additional inquiry or inquiries must be responded to in the subsequent 30-day period, or periods, as applicable.
(b) Quorum; voting requirements; proxies.
1. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, the percentage of voting interests required to constitute a quorum at a meeting of the members shall be a majority of voting interests, and decisions shall be made by owners of a majority of the voting interests. Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, or in the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or other cooperative documents, and except as provided in subparagraph (d)1., decisions shall be made by owners of a majority of the voting interests represented at a meeting at which a quorum is present.
2. Except as specifically otherwise provided herein, after January 1, 1992, unit owners may not vote by general proxy, but may vote by limited proxies substantially conforming to a limited proxy form adopted by the division. Limited proxies and general proxies may be used to establish a quorum. Limited proxies shall be used for votes taken to waive or reduce reserves in accordance with subparagraph (j)2., for votes taken to waive the financial reporting requirements of s. 719.104(4)(b), for votes taken to amend the articles of incorporation or bylaws pursuant to this section, and for any other matter for which this chapter requires or permits a vote of the unit owners. Except as provided in paragraph (d), after January 1, 1992, no proxy, limited or general, shall be used in the election of board members. General proxies may be used for other matters for which limited proxies are not required, and may also be used in voting for nonsubstantive changes to items for which a limited proxy is required and given. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, unit owners may vote in person at unit owner meetings. Nothing contained herein shall limit the use of general proxies or require the use of limited proxies or require the use of limited proxies for any agenda item or election at any meeting of a timeshare cooperative.
3. Any proxy given shall be effective only for the specific meeting for which originally given and any lawfully adjourned meetings thereof. In no event shall any proxy be valid for a period longer than 90 days after the date of the first meeting for which it was given. Every proxy shall be revocable at any time at the pleasure of the unit owner executing it.
4. A member of the board of administration or a committee may submit in writing his or her agreement or disagreement with any action taken at a meeting that the member did not attend. This agreement or disagreement may not be used as a vote for or against the action taken and may not be used for the purposes of creating a quorum.
5. When some or all of the board or committee members meet by telephone conference, those board or committee members attending by telephone conference may be counted toward obtaining a quorum and may vote by telephone. A telephone speaker shall be utilized so that the conversation of those board or committee members attending by telephone may be heard by the board or committee members attending in person, as well as by unit owners present at a meeting.
(c) Board of administration meetings.Meetings of the board of administration at which a quorum of the members is present shall be open to all unit owners. Any unit owner may tape record or videotape meetings of the board of administration. The right to attend such meetings includes the right to speak at such meetings with reference to all designated agenda items. The division shall adopt reasonable rules governing the tape recording and videotaping of the meeting. The association may adopt reasonable written rules governing the frequency, duration, and manner of unit owner statements. Adequate notice of all meetings shall be posted in a conspicuous place upon the cooperative property at least 48 continuous hours preceding the meeting, except in an emergency. Any item not included on the notice may be taken up on an emergency basis by at least a majority plus one of the members of the board. Such emergency action shall be noticed and ratified at the next regular meeting of the board. However, written notice of any meeting at which nonemergency special assessments, or at which amendment to rules regarding unit use, will be considered shall be mailed, delivered, or electronically transmitted to the unit owners and posted conspicuously on the cooperative property not less than 14 days prior to the meeting. Evidence of compliance with this 14-day notice shall be made by an affidavit executed by the person providing the notice and filed among the official records of the association. Upon notice to the unit owners, the board shall by duly adopted rule designate a specific location on the cooperative property upon which all notices of board meetings shall be posted. In lieu of or in addition to the physical posting of notice of any meeting of the board of administration on the cooperative property, the association may, by reasonable rule, adopt a procedure for conspicuously posting and repeatedly broadcasting the notice and the agenda on a closed-circuit cable television system serving the cooperative association. However, if broadcast notice is used in lieu of a notice posted physically on the cooperative property, the notice and agenda must be broadcast at least four times every broadcast hour of each day that a posted notice is otherwise required under this section. When broadcast notice is provided, the notice and agenda must be broadcast in a manner and for a sufficient continuous length of time so as to allow an average reader to observe the notice and read and comprehend the entire content of the notice and the agenda. Notice of any meeting in which regular assessments against unit owners are to be considered for any reason shall specifically contain a statement that assessments will be considered and the nature of any such assessments. Meetings of a committee to take final action on behalf of the board or to make recommendations to the board regarding the association budget are subject to the provisions of this paragraph. Meetings of a committee that does not take final action on behalf of the board or make recommendations to the board regarding the association budget are subject to the provisions of this section, unless those meetings are exempted from this section by the bylaws of the association. Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the requirement that board meetings and committee meetings be open to the unit owners is inapplicable to meetings between the board or a committee and the association’s attorney, with respect to proposed or pending litigation, when the meeting is held for the purpose of seeking or rendering legal advice.
(d) Shareholder meetings.There shall be an annual meeting of the shareholders. All members of the board of administration shall be elected at the annual meeting unless the bylaws provide for staggered election terms or for their election at another meeting. Any unit owner desiring to be a candidate for board membership must comply with subparagraph 1. The bylaws must provide the method for calling meetings, including annual meetings. Written notice, which must incorporate an identification of agenda items, shall be given to each unit owner at least 14 days before the annual meeting and posted in a conspicuous place on the cooperative property at least 14 continuous days preceding the annual meeting. Upon notice to the unit owners, the board must by duly adopted rule designate a specific location on the cooperative property upon which all notice of unit owner meetings are posted. In lieu of or in addition to the physical posting of the meeting notice, the association may, by reasonable rule, adopt a procedure for conspicuously posting and repeatedly broadcasting the notice and the agenda on a closed-circuit cable television system serving the cooperative association. However, if broadcast notice is used in lieu of a posted notice, the notice and agenda must be broadcast at least four times every broadcast hour of each day that a posted notice is otherwise required under this section. If broadcast notice is provided, the notice and agenda must be broadcast in a manner and for a sufficient continuous length of time to allow an average reader to observe the notice and read and comprehend the entire content of the notice and the agenda. Unless a unit owner waives in writing the right to receive notice of the annual meeting, the notice of the annual meeting must be sent by mail, hand delivered, or electronically transmitted to each unit owner. An officer of the association must provide an affidavit or United States Postal Service certificate of mailing, to be included in the official records of the association, affirming that notices of the association meeting were mailed, hand delivered, or electronically transmitted, in accordance with this provision, to each unit owner at the address last furnished to the association.
1. The board of administration shall be elected by written ballot or voting machine. A proxy may not be used in electing the board of administration in general elections or elections to fill vacancies caused by recall, resignation, or otherwise unless otherwise provided in this chapter. At least 60 days before a scheduled election, the association shall mail, deliver, or transmit, whether by separate association mailing, delivery, or electronic transmission or included in another association mailing, delivery, or electronic transmission, including regularly published newsletters, to each unit owner entitled to vote, a first notice of the date of the election. Any unit owner or other eligible person desiring to be a candidate for the board of administration must give written notice to the association at least 40 days before a scheduled election. Together with the written notice and agenda as set forth in this section, the association shall mail, deliver, or electronically transmit a second notice of election to all unit owners entitled to vote, together with a ballot which lists all candidates. Upon request of a candidate, the association shall include an information sheet, no larger than 81/2 inches by 11 inches, which must be furnished by the candidate at least 35 days before the election, to be included with the mailing, delivery, or electronic transmission of the ballot, with the costs of mailing, delivery, or transmission and copying to be borne by the association. The association is not liable for the contents of the information sheets provided by the candidates. In order to reduce costs, the association may print or duplicate the information sheets on both sides of the paper. The division shall by rule establish voting procedures consistent with this subparagraph, including rules establishing procedures for giving notice by electronic transmission and rules providing for the secrecy of ballots. Elections shall be decided by a plurality of those ballots cast. There is no quorum requirement. However, at least 20 percent of the eligible voters must cast a ballot in order to have a valid election. A unit owner may not permit any other person to vote his or her ballot, and any such ballots improperly cast are invalid. A unit owner who needs assistance in casting the ballot for the reasons stated in s. 101.051 may obtain assistance in casting the ballot. Any unit owner violating this provision may be fined by the association in accordance with s. 719.303. The regular election must occur on the date of the annual meeting. This subparagraph does not apply to timeshare cooperatives. Notwithstanding this subparagraph, an election and balloting are not required unless more candidates file a notice of intent to run or are nominated than vacancies exist on the board.
2. Any approval by unit owners called for by this chapter, or the applicable cooperative documents, must be made at a duly noticed meeting of unit owners and is subject to this chapter or the applicable cooperative documents relating to unit owner decisionmaking, except that unit owners may take action by written agreement, without meetings, on matters for which action by written agreement without meetings is expressly allowed by the applicable cooperative documents or law which provides for the unit owner action.
3. Unit owners may waive notice of specific meetings if allowed by the applicable cooperative documents or law. If authorized by the bylaws, notice of meetings of the board of administration, shareholder meetings, except shareholder meetings called to recall board members under paragraph (f), and committee meetings may be given by electronic transmission to unit owners who consent to receive notice by electronic transmission.
4. Unit owners have the right to participate in meetings of unit owners with reference to all designated agenda items. However, the association may adopt reasonable rules governing the frequency, duration, and manner of unit owner participation.
5. Any unit owner may tape record or videotape meetings of the unit owners subject to reasonable rules adopted by the division.
6. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, a vacancy occurring on the board before the expiration of a term may be filled by the affirmative vote of the majority of the remaining directors, even if the remaining directors constitute less than a quorum, or by the sole remaining director. In the alternative, a board may hold an election to fill the vacancy, in which case the election procedures must conform to the requirements of subparagraph 1. unless the association has opted out of the statutory election process, in which case the bylaws of the association control. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, a board member appointed or elected under this subparagraph shall fill the vacancy for the unexpired term of the seat being filled. Filling vacancies created by recall is governed by paragraph (f) and rules adopted by the division.

Notwithstanding subparagraphs (b)2. and (d)1., an association may, by the affirmative vote of a majority of the total voting interests, provide for a different voting and election procedure in its bylaws, which vote may be by a proxy specifically delineating the different voting and election procedures. The different voting and election procedures may provide for elections to be conducted by limited or general proxy.

(e) Budget procedures.
1. The board of administration shall mail, hand deliver, or electronically transmit to each unit owner at the address last furnished to the association, a meeting notice and copies of the proposed annual budget of common expenses to the unit owners not less than 14 days prior to the meeting at which the budget will be considered. Evidence of compliance with this 14-day notice must be made by an affidavit executed by an officer of the association or the manager or other person providing notice of the meeting and filed among the official records of the association. The meeting must be open to the unit owners.
2. If an adopted budget requires assessment against the unit owners in any fiscal or calendar year which exceeds 115 percent of the assessments for the preceding year, the board upon written application of 10 percent of the voting interests to the board, shall call a special meeting of the unit owners within 30 days, upon not less than 10 days’ written notice to each unit owner. At the special meeting, unit owners shall consider and enact a budget. Unless the bylaws require a larger vote, the adoption of the budget requires a vote of not less than a majority of all the voting interests.
3. The board of administration may, in any event, propose a budget to the unit owners at a meeting of members or by writing, and if the budget or proposed budget is approved by the unit owners at the meeting or by a majority of all voting interests in writing, the budget is adopted. If a meeting of the unit owners has been called and a quorum is not attained or a substitute budget is not adopted by the unit owners, the budget adopted by the board of directors goes into effect as scheduled.
4. In determining whether assessments exceed 115 percent of similar assessments for prior years, any authorized provisions for reasonable reserves for repair or replacement of cooperative property, anticipated expenses by the association which are not anticipated to be incurred on a regular or annual basis, or assessments for betterments to the cooperative property must be excluded from computation. However, as long as the developer is in control of the board of administration, the board may not impose an assessment for any year greater than 115 percent of the prior fiscal or calendar year’s assessment without approval of a majority of all voting interests.
(f) Recall of board members.Subject to the provisions of s. 719.301, any member of the board of administration may be recalled and removed from office with or without cause by the vote or agreement in writing by a majority of all the voting interests. A special meeting of the voting interests to recall any member of the board of administration may be called by 10 percent of the unit owners giving notice of the meeting as required for a meeting of unit owners, and the notice shall state the purpose of the meeting. Electronic transmission may not be used as a method of giving notice of a meeting called in whole or in part for this purpose.
1. If the recall is approved by a majority of all voting interests by a vote at a meeting, the recall shall be effective as provided herein. The board shall duly notice and hold a board meeting within 5 full business days of the adjournment of the unit owner meeting to recall one or more board members. At the meeting, the board shall either certify the recall, in which case such member or members shall be recalled effective immediately and shall turn over to the board within 5 full business days any and all records and property of the association in their possession, or shall proceed as set forth in subparagraph 3.
2. If the proposed recall is by an agreement in writing by a majority of all voting interests, the agreement in writing or a copy thereof shall be served on the association by certified mail or by personal service in the manner authorized by chapter 48 and the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure. The board of administration shall duly notice and hold a meeting of the board within 5 full business days after receipt of the agreement in writing. At the meeting, the board shall either certify the written agreement to recall members of the board, in which case such members shall be recalled effective immediately and shall turn over to the board, within 5 full business days, any and all records and property of the association in their possession, or proceed as described in subparagraph 3.
3. If the board determines not to certify the written agreement to recall members of the board, or does not certify the recall by a vote at a meeting, the board shall, within 5 full business days after the board meeting, file with the division a petition for binding arbitration pursuant to the procedures of s. 719.1255. For purposes of this paragraph, the unit owners who voted at the meeting or who executed the agreement in writing shall constitute one party under the petition for arbitration. If the arbitrator certifies the recall as to any member of the board, the recall shall be effective upon mailing of the final order of arbitration to the association. If the association fails to comply with the order of the arbitrator, the division may take action pursuant to s. 719.501. Any member so recalled shall deliver to the board any and all records and property of the association in the member’s possession within 5 full business days of the effective date of the recall.
4. If the board fails to duly notice and hold a board meeting within 5 full business days of service of an agreement in writing or within 5 full business days of the adjournment of the unit owner recall meeting, the recall shall be deemed effective and the board members so recalled shall immediately turn over to the board any and all records and property of the association.
5. If a vacancy occurs on the board as a result of a recall and less than a majority of the board members are removed, the vacancy may be filled by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors, notwithstanding any provision to the contrary contained in this chapter. If vacancies occur on the board as a result of a recall and a majority or more of the board members are removed, the vacancies shall be filled in accordance with procedural rules to be adopted by the division, which rules need not be consistent with this chapter. The rules must provide procedures governing the conduct of the recall election as well as the operation of the association during the period after a recall but prior to the recall election.
(g) Common expenses.The manner of collecting from the unit owners their shares of the common expenses shall be stated. Assessments shall be made against unit owners not less frequently than quarterly, in an amount no less than is required to provide funds in advance for payment of all of the anticipated current operating expense and for all of the unpaid operating expense previously incurred. Nothing in this paragraph shall preclude the right of an association to accelerate assessments of an owner delinquent in payment of common expenses in actions taken pursuant to s. 719.104(4).
(h) Amendment of bylaws.The method by which the bylaws may be amended consistent with the provisions of this chapter shall be stated. If the bylaws fail to provide a method of amendment, the bylaws may be amended if the amendment is approved by owners of not less than two-thirds of the voting interests. No bylaw shall be revised or amended by reference to its title or number only. Proposals to amend existing bylaws shall contain the full text of the bylaws to be amended; new words shall be inserted in the text underlined, and words to be deleted shall be lined through with hyphens. However, if the proposed change is so extensive that this procedure would hinder, rather than assist, the understanding of the proposed amendment, it is not necessary to use underlining and hyphens as indicators of words added or deleted, but, instead, a notation must be inserted immediately preceding the proposed amendment in substantially the following language: “Substantial rewording of bylaw. See bylaw   for present text.” Nonmaterial errors or omissions in the bylaw process shall not invalidate an otherwise properly promulgated amendment.
(i) Transfer fees.No charge may be made by the association or any body thereof in connection with the sale, mortgage, lease, sublease, or other transfer of a unit unless the association is required to approve such transfer and a fee for such approval is provided for in the cooperative documents. Any such fee may be preset, but in no event shall it exceed $100 per applicant other than husband/wife or parent/dependent child, which are considered one applicant. However, if the lease or sublease is a renewal of a lease or sublease with the same lessee or sublessee, no charge shall be made. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit an association from requiring as a condition to permitting the letting or renting of a unit, when the association has such authority in the documents, the depositing into an escrow account maintained by the association a security deposit in an amount not to exceed the equivalent of 1 month’s rent. The security deposit shall protect against damages to the common areas or cooperative property. Within 15 days after a tenant vacates the premises, the association shall refund the full security deposit or give written notice to the tenant of any claim made against the security. Disputes under this paragraph shall be handled in the same fashion as disputes concerning security deposits under s. 83.49.
(j) Annual budget.
1. The proposed annual budget of common expenses shall be detailed and shall show the amounts budgeted by accounts and expense classifications, including, if applicable, but not limited to, those expenses listed in s. 719.504(20).
2. In addition to annual operating expenses, the budget shall include reserve accounts for capital expenditures and deferred maintenance. These accounts shall include, but not be limited to, roof replacement, building painting, and pavement resurfacing, regardless of the amount of deferred maintenance expense or replacement cost, and for any other items for which the deferred maintenance expense or replacement cost exceeds $10,000. The amount to be reserved shall be computed by means of a formula which is based upon estimated remaining useful life and estimated replacement cost or deferred maintenance expense of each reserve item. The association may adjust replacement reserve assessments annually to take into account any changes in estimates or extension of the useful life of a reserve item caused by deferred maintenance. This paragraph shall not apply to any budget in which the members of an association have, at a duly called meeting of the association, determined for a fiscal year to provide no reserves or reserves less adequate than required by this subsection. However, prior to turnover of control of an association by a developer to unit owners other than a developer pursuant to s. 719.301, the developer may vote to waive the reserves or reduce the funding of reserves for the first 2 years of the operation of the association after which time reserves may only be waived or reduced upon the vote of a majority of all nondeveloper voting interests voting in person or by limited proxy at a duly called meeting of the association. If a meeting of the unit owners has been called to determine to provide no reserves, or reserves less adequate than required, and such result is not attained or a quorum is not attained, the reserves as included in the budget shall go into effect.
3. Reserve funds and any interest accruing thereon shall remain in the reserve account or accounts, and shall be used only for authorized reserve expenditures unless their use for other purposes is approved in advance by a vote of the majority of the voting interests, voting in person or by limited proxy at a duly called meeting of the association. Prior to turnover of control of an association by a developer to unit owners other than the developer under s. 719.301, the developer may not vote to use reserves for purposes other than that for which they were intended without the approval of a majority of all nondeveloper voting interests, voting in person or by limited proxy at a duly called meeting of the association.
(k) Insurance or fidelity bonds.The association shall obtain and maintain adequate insurance or fidelity bonding of all persons who control or disburse funds of the association. The insurance policy or fidelity bond must cover the maximum funds that will be in the custody of the association or its management agent at any one time. As used in this paragraph, the term “persons who control or disburse funds of the association” includes, but is not limited to, those individuals authorized to sign checks, and the president, secretary, and treasurer of the association. The association shall bear the cost of bonding and insurance.
(l) Arbitration.There shall be a provision for mandatory nonbinding arbitration of internal disputes arising from the operation of the cooperative in accordance with s. 719.1255.
(2) OPTIONAL PROVISIONS.The bylaws may provide for the following:
(a) Administrative rules.A method of adopting and of amending administrative rules and regulations governing the details of the operation and use of the common areas.
(b) Use and maintenance restrictions.Restrictions on, and requirements for, the use, maintenance, and appearance of the units and the use of the common areas, not inconsistent with the cooperative documents, designed to prevent unreasonable interference with the use of the units and common areas.
(c) Notice of meetings.Provisions for giving notice by electronic transmissions in a manner authorized by law of meetings of the board of directors and committees and of annual and special meetings of the members.
(d) Other matters.Other provisions not inconsistent with this chapter or with the cooperative documents as may be desired.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 2, ch. 79-284; s. 9, ch. 81-185; s. 14, ch. 86-175; s. 23, ch. 91-103; s. 25, ch. 91-110; ss. 5, 6, ch. 91-426; s. 20, ch. 92-49; s. 17, ch. 94-350; s. 45, ch. 95-274; s. 7, ch. 96-396; s. 1775, ch. 97-102; s. 4, ch. 97-301; s. 11, ch. 98-322; s. 75, ch. 99-3; s. 9, ch. 99-382; s. 9, ch. 2003-14; s. 19, ch. 2010-174.
719.1064 Failure to fill vacancies on board of administration; appointment of receiver upon petition of unit owner.If an association fails to fill vacancies on the board of administration sufficient to constitute a quorum in accordance with the bylaws, any unit owner may apply to the circuit court within whose jurisdiction the cooperative lies for the appointment of a receiver to manage the affairs of the association. At least 30 days prior to applying to the circuit court, the unit owner shall mail to the association and post in a conspicuous place on the cooperative property a notice describing the intended action, giving the association the opportunity to fill the vacancies. If during such time the association fails to fill the vacancies, the unit owner may proceed with the petition. If a receiver is appointed, the association shall be responsible for the salary of the receiver, court costs, and attorney’s fees. The receiver shall have all powers and duties of a duly constituted board of administration and shall serve until the association fills vacancies on the board sufficient to constitute a quorum.
History.s. 8, ch. 81-185.
719.1065 Power of attorney; compliance with chapter.The use of a power of attorney that affects any aspect of the operation of a cooperative shall be subject to and in compliance with the provisions of this chapter and all cooperative documents, association rules and other rules adopted pursuant to this chapter and all other covenants, conditions, and restrictions in force at the time of the execution of the power of attorney.
History.s. 15, ch. 86-175.
719.107 Common expenses; assessment.
(1)(a) Common expenses include the expenses of the operation, maintenance, repair, or replacement of the cooperative property; costs of carrying out the powers and duties of the association; and any other expense, whether or not included in this paragraph, designated as common expense by this chapter or the cooperative documents.
(b) If so provided in the bylaws, the cost of a master antenna television system or duly franchised cable television service obtained pursuant to a bulk contract shall be deemed a common expense, and if not obtained pursuant to a bulk contract, such cost shall be considered common expense if it is designated as such in a written contract between the board of administration and the company providing the master television antenna system or the cable television service. The contract shall be for a term of not less than 2 years.
1. Any contract made by the board after April 2, 1992, for a community antenna system or duly franchised cable television service may be canceled by a majority of the voting interests present at the next regular or special meeting of the association. Any member may make a motion to cancel the contract, but if no motion is made or if such motion fails to obtain the required majority at the next regular or special meeting, whichever is sooner, following the making of the contract, then such contract shall be deemed ratified for the term therein expressed.
2. Any such contract shall provide, and shall be deemed to provide if not expressly set forth, that any hearing impaired or legally blind unit owner who does not occupy the unit with a nonhearing impaired or sighted person may discontinue the service without incurring disconnect fees, penalties, or subsequent service charges, and as to such units, the owners shall not be required to pay any common expenses charge related to such service. If less than all members of an association share the expenses of cable television, the expense shall be shared equally by all participating unit owners. The association may use the provisions of s. 719.108 to enforce payment of the shares of such costs by the unit owners receiving cable television.
(c) If any unpaid share of common expenses or assessments is extinguished by foreclosure of a superior lien or by a deed in lieu of foreclosure thereof, the unpaid share of common expenses or assessments are common expenses collectible from all the unit owners in the cooperative in which the unit is located.
(d) With respect to each timeshare unit, each owner of a timeshare estate therein is jointly and severally liable for the payment of all assessments and other charges levied against or with respect to that unit pursuant to the cooperative documents, except to the extent that the cooperative documents provide to the contrary. This paragraph does not apply to any unit that is not committed to a timeshare plan.
(e) Common expenses include the costs of insurance acquired by the association under the authority of s. 719.104(3), including costs and contingent expenses required to participate in a self-insurance fund authorized and approved pursuant to s. 624.462.
(2) Funds for the payment of common expenses shall be collected by assessments against unit owners in the proportions or percentages of sharing common expenses provided in the cooperative documents.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 16, ch. 86-175; s. 21, ch. 92-49; s. 2, ch. 2000-302; s. 12, ch. 2007-80.
719.108 Rents and assessments; liability; lien and priority; interest; collection; cooperative ownership.
(1) A unit owner, regardless of how title is acquired, including, without limitation, a purchaser at a judicial sale, shall be liable for all rents and assessments coming due while the unit owner is in exclusive possession of a unit. In a voluntary transfer, the unit owner in exclusive possession shall be jointly and severally liable with the previous unit owner for all unpaid rents and assessments against the previous unit owner for his or her share of the common expenses up to the time of the transfer, without prejudice to the rights of the unit owner in exclusive possession to recover from the previous unit owner the amounts paid by the unit owner in exclusive possession therefor.
(2) The liability for rents and assessments may not be avoided by waiver of the use or enjoyment of any common areas or by abandonment of the unit for which the rents and assessments are made.
(3) Rents and assessments, and installments on them, not paid when due bear interest at the rate provided in the cooperative documents from the date due until paid. This rate may not exceed the rate allowed by law and, if a rate is not provided in the cooperative documents, accrues at 18 percent per annum. If the cooperative documents or bylaws so provide, the association may charge an administrative late fee in addition to such interest, not to exceed the greater of $25 or 5 percent of each installment of the assessment for each delinquent installment that the payment is late. Any payment received by an association must be applied first to any interest accrued by the association, then to any administrative late fee, then to any costs and reasonable attorney’s fees incurred in collection, and then to the delinquent assessment. The foregoing applies notwithstanding any restrictive endorsement, designation, or instruction placed on or accompanying a payment. A late fee is not subject to chapter 687 or s. 719.303(4).
(4) The association has a lien on each cooperative parcel for any unpaid rents and assessments, plus interest, and any authorized administrative late fees. If authorized by the cooperative documents, the lien also secures reasonable attorney’s fees incurred by the association incident to the collection of the rents and assessments or enforcement of such lien. The lien is effective from and after recording a claim of lien in the public records in the county in which the cooperative parcel is located which states the description of the cooperative parcel, the name of the unit owner, the amount due, and the due dates. The lien expires if a claim of lien is not filed within 1 year after the date the assessment was due, and the lien does not continue for longer than 1 year after the claim of lien has been recorded unless, within that time, an action to enforce the lien is commenced. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a lien may not be filed by the association against a cooperative parcel until 30 days after the date on which a notice of intent to file a lien has been delivered to the owner.
(a) The notice must be sent to the unit owner at the address of the unit by first-class United States mail and:
1. If the most recent address of the unit owner on the records of the association is the address of the unit, the notice must be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the unit owner at the address of the unit.
2. If the most recent address of the unit owner on the records of the association is in the United States, but is not the address of the unit, the notice must be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the unit owner at his or her most recent address.
3. If the most recent address of the unit owner on the records of the association is not in the United States, the notice must be sent by first-class United States mail to the unit owner at his or her most recent address.
(b) A notice that is sent pursuant to this subsection is deemed delivered upon mailing.
(5) Liens for rents and assessments may be foreclosed by suit brought in the name of the association, in like manner as a foreclosure of a mortgage on real property. In any foreclosure, the unit owner shall pay a reasonable rental for the cooperative parcel, if so provided in the cooperative documents, and the plaintiff in the foreclosure is entitled to the appointment of a receiver to collect the rent. The association has the power, unless prohibited by the cooperative documents, to bid on the cooperative parcel at the foreclosure sale and to acquire and hold, lease, mortgage, or convey it. Suit to recover a money judgment for unpaid rents and assessments may be maintained without waiving the lien securing them.
(6) Within 15 days after request by a unit owner or mortgagee, the association shall provide a certificate stating all assessments and other moneys owed to the association by the unit owner with respect to the cooperative parcel. Any person other than the unit owner who relies upon such certificate shall be protected thereby. Notwithstanding any limitation on transfer fees contained in s. 719.106(1)(i), the association or its authorized agent may charge a reasonable fee for the preparation of the certificate.
(7) The remedies provided in this section do not exclude other remedies provided by the cooperative documents and permitted by law.
(8)(a) No unit owner may be excused from the payment of his or her share of the rents or assessments of a cooperative unless all unit owners are likewise proportionately excused from payment, except as provided in subsection (6) and in the following cases:
1. If the cooperative documents so provide, a developer or other person owning cooperative units offered for sale may be excused from the payment of the share of the common expenses, assessments, and rents related to those units for a stated period of time. The period must terminate no later than the first day of the fourth calendar month following the month in which the right of exclusive possession is first granted to a unit owner. However, the developer must pay the portion of common expenses incurred during that period which exceed the amount assessed against other unit owners.
2. A developer, or other person with an ownership interest in cooperative units or having an obligation to pay common expenses, may be excused from the payment of his or her share of the common expenses which would have been assessed against those units during the period of time that he or she shall have guaranteed to each purchaser in the purchase contract or in the cooperative documents, or by agreement between the developer and a majority of the unit owners other than the developer, that the assessment for common expenses of the cooperative imposed upon the unit owners would not increase over a stated dollar amount and shall have obligated himself or herself to pay any amount of common expenses incurred during that period and not produced by the assessments at the guaranteed level receivable from other unit owners.
(b) If the purchase contract, cooperative documents, or agreement between the developer and a majority of unit owners other than the developer provides for the developer or another person to be excused from the payment of assessments pursuant to paragraph (a), no funds receivable from unit owners payable to the association or collected by the developer on behalf of the association, other than regular periodic assessments for common expenses as provided in the cooperative documents and disclosed in the estimated operating budget pursuant to s. 719.503(1)(b)6. or s. 719.504(20)(b), may be used for payment of common expenses prior to the expiration of the period during which the developer or other person is so excused. This restriction applies to funds including, but not limited to, capital contributions or startup funds collected from unit purchasers at closing.
(9) The specific purposes of any special assessment, including any contingent special assessment levied in conjunction with the purchase of an insurance policy authorized by s. 719.104(3), approved in accordance with the cooperative documents shall be set forth in a written notice of such assessment sent or delivered to each unit owner. The funds collected pursuant to a special assessment shall be used only for the specific purpose or purposes set forth in such notice or returned to the unit owners. However, upon completion of such specific purposes, any excess funds shall be considered common surplus and may, at the discretion of the board, either be returned to the unit owners or applied as a credit toward future assessments.
(10)(a) If the unit is occupied by a tenant and the unit owner is delinquent in paying any monetary obligation due to the association, the association may make a written demand that the tenant pay to the association the subsequent rental payments and continue to make such payments until all monetary obligations of the unit owner related to the unit have been paid in full to the association. The tenant must pay the monetary obligations to the association until the association releases the tenant or the tenant discontinues tenancy in the unit.
1. The association must provide the tenant a notice, by hand delivery or United States mail, in substantially the following form:

Pursuant to section 719.108(10), Florida Statutes, we demand that you make your rent payments directly to the cooperative association and continue doing so until the association notifies you otherwise.

Payment due the cooperative association may be in the same form as you paid your landlord and must be sent by United States mail or hand delivery to   (full address)  , payable to   (name)  .

Your obligation to pay your rent to the association begins immediately, unless you have already paid rent to your landlord for the current period before receiving this notice. In that case, you must provide the association written proof of your payment within 14 days after receiving this notice and your obligation to pay rent to the association would then begin with the next rental period.

Pursuant to section 719.108(10), Florida Statutes, your payment of rent to the association gives you complete immunity from any claim for the rent by your landlord.

2. The association must mail written notice to the unit owner of the association’s demand that the tenant make payments to the association.
3. The association shall, upon request, provide the tenant with written receipts for payments made.
4. A tenant is immune from any claim by the landlord or unit owner related to the rent timely paid to the association after the association has made written demand.
(b) If the tenant paid rent to the landlord or unit owner for a given rental period before receiving the demand from the association and provides written evidence to the association of having paid the rent within 14 days after receiving the demand, the tenant shall begin making rental payments to the association for the following rental period and shall continue making rental payments to the association to be credited against the monetary obligations of the unit owner until the association releases the tenant or the tenant discontinues tenancy in the unit.
(c) The liability of the tenant may not exceed the amount due from the tenant to the tenant’s landlord. The tenant’s landlord shall provide the tenant a credit against rents due to the landlord in the amount of moneys paid to the association.
(d) The association may issue notice under s. 83.56 and sue for eviction under ss. 83.59-83.625 as if the association were a landlord under part II of chapter 83 if the tenant fails to pay a required payment to the association after written demand has been made to the tenant. However, the association is not otherwise considered a landlord under chapter 83 and specifically has no obligations under s. 83.51.
(e) The tenant does not, by virtue of payment of monetary obligations to the association, have any of the rights of a unit owner to vote in any election or to examine the books and records of the association.
(f) A court may supersede the effect of this subsection by appointing a receiver.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 17, ch. 86-175; s. 22, ch. 92-49; s. 59, ch. 95-211; s. 877, ch. 97-102; s. 10, ch. 2003-14; s. 13, ch. 2007-80; s. 5, ch. 2008-202; s. 21, ch. 2010-174; s. 14, ch. 2011-196.
719.109 Right of owners to peaceably assemble.
(1) All common areas and recreational facilities serving any cooperative shall be available to unit owners in the cooperative or cooperatives served thereby and their invited guests for the use intended for such common areas and recreational facilities. The entity or entities responsible for the operation of the common areas and recreational facilities may adopt reasonable rules and regulations pertaining to the use of such common areas and recreational facilities. No entity or entities shall unreasonably restrict any unit owner’s right to peaceably assemble or right to invite public officers or candidates for public office to appear and speak in common areas and recreational facilities.
(2) Any owner prevented from exercising rights guaranteed by subsection (1) may bring an action in the appropriate court of the county in which the alleged infringement occurred, and, upon favorable adjudication, the court shall enjoin the enforcement of any provision contained in any cooperative document or rule which operates to deprive the owner of such rights.
History.s. 2, ch. 77-222; s. 265, ch. 79-400; s. 10, ch. 81-185; s. 18, ch. 86-175.
719.110 Limitation on actions by association.The statute of limitations for any actions in law or equity which a cooperative association may have shall not begin to run until the unit owners have elected a majority of the members of the board of administration.
History.s. 9, ch. 77-222; s. 266, ch. 79-400; s. 19, ch. 86-175.
719.111 Attorney’s fees.If a contract or lease between a cooperative unit owner or association and a developer contains a provision allowing attorney’s fees to the developer, should any litigation arise under the provisions of the contract or lease, the court shall also allow reasonable attorney’s fees to the unit owner or association when the unit owner or association prevails in any action by or against the unit owner or association with respect to the contract or lease.
History.ss. 10, 11, ch. 78-340; s. 20, ch. 86-175.
719.112 Unconscionability of certain leases; rebuttable presumption.
(1) The Legislature expressly finds that many leases involving use of recreational or other common facilities by residents of cooperatives were entered into by parties wholly representative of the interests of a cooperative developer at a time when the cooperative unit owners not only did not control the administration of their cooperative but also had little or no voice in such administration. Such leases often contain numerous obligations on the part of either or both a cooperative association and cooperative unit owners with relatively few obligations on the part of the lessor. Such leases may or may not be unconscionable in any given case. Nevertheless, the Legislature finds that a combination of certain onerous obligations and circumstances warrants the establishment of a rebuttable presumption of unconscionability of certain leases, as specified in subsection (2). The presumption may be rebutted by a lessor upon the showing of additional facts and circumstances to justify and validate what otherwise appears to be an unconscionable lease under this section. Failure of a lease to contain all the enumerated elements shall neither preclude a determination of unconscionability of the lease nor raise a presumption as to its conscionability. It is the intent of the Legislature that this section is remedial and does not create any new cause of action to invalidate any cooperative lease, but shall operate as a statutory prescription on procedural matters in actions brought on one or more causes of action existing at the time of the execution of such lease.
(2) A lease pertaining to use by cooperative unit owners of recreational or other common facilities, irrespective of the date on which such lease was entered into, is presumptively unconscionable if all of the following elements exist:
(a) The lease was executed by persons none of whom at the time of the execution of the lease were elected by cooperative unit owners, other than the developer, to represent their interests.
(b) The lease requires either the cooperative association or the cooperative unit owners to pay real estate taxes on the subject real property.
(c) The lease requires either the cooperative association or the cooperative unit owners to insure buildings or other facilities on the subject real property against fire or any other hazard.
(d) The lease requires either the cooperative association or the cooperative unit owners to perform some or all maintenance obligations pertaining to the subject real property or facilities located upon the subject real property.
(e) The lease requires either the cooperative association or the cooperative unit owners to pay rent to the lessor for a period of 21 years or more.
(f) The lease provides that failure of the lessee to make payment of rent due under the lease either creates, establishes, or permits establishment of a lien upon individual cooperative units of the cooperative or upon stock or other ownership interest to secure claims for rent.
(g) The lease requires an annual rental which exceeds 25 percent of the appraised value of the leased property as improved. For purposes of this paragraph, “annual rental” means the amount due during the first 12 months of the lease for all units, regardless of whether such units were in fact occupied or sold during that period, and “appraised value” means the appraised value placed upon the leased property the first tax year after the sale of a unit in the cooperative.
(h) The lease provides for a periodic rental increase.
(i) The lease or other cooperative documents require that every transferee of a cooperative unit must assume obligations under the lease.
(3) Any provision of the Florida Statutes to the contrary notwithstanding, neither the statute of limitations nor laches shall prohibit unit owners from maintaining a cause of action under the provisions of this section.
History.s. 3, ch. 79-284; s. 21, ch. 86-175; s. 26, ch. 91-110; s. 18, ch. 94-350.
719.1124 Failure to fill vacancies on board of administration sufficient to constitute a quorum; appointment of receiver upon petition of unit owner.
(1) If an association fails to fill vacancies on the board of administration sufficient to constitute a quorum in accordance with the bylaws, any unit owner may give notice of his or her intent to apply to the circuit court within whose jurisdiction the cooperative lies for the appointment of a receiver to manage the affairs of the association. The form of the notice shall be as follows:

NOTICE OF INTENT TO
APPLY FOR RECEIVERSHIP

YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that the undersigned owner of a unit in   (name of cooperative)   intends to file a petition in the circuit court for appointment of a receiver to manage the affairs of the association on the grounds that the association has failed to fill vacancies on the board of administration sufficient to constitute a quorum. This petition will not be filed if the vacancies are filled within 30 days after the date on which this notice was sent or posted, whichever is later. If a receiver is appointed, the receiver shall have all of the powers of the board and shall be entitled to receive a salary and reimbursement of all costs and attorney’s fees payable from association funds.

  (name and address of petitioning unit owner)  

(2) The notice required by subsection (1) must be provided by the unit owner to the association by certified mail or personal delivery, must be posted in a conspicuous place on the cooperative property, and must be provided to every unit owner of the association by certified mail or personal delivery. The notice must be posted and mailed or delivered at least 30 days prior to the filing of a petition seeking receivership. Notice by mail to a unit owner shall be sent to the address used by the county property appraiser for notice to the unit owner.
(3) If the association fails to fill the vacancies within 30 days after the notice required by subsection (1) is posted and mailed or delivered, the unit owner may proceed with the petition.
(4) If a receiver is appointed, all unit owners shall be given written notice of such appointment as provided in s. 719.127.
(5) The association shall be responsible for the salary of the receiver, court costs, and attorney’s fees. The receiver shall have all powers and duties of a duly constituted board of administration and shall serve until the association fills vacancies on the board sufficient to constitute a quorum and the court relieves the receiver of the appointment.
History.s. 6, ch. 2008-202.
719.114 Separate taxation of cooperative parcels; survival of contractual provisions after tax sale.
(1) Ad valorem taxes and special assessments by taxing authorities shall be assessed against the cooperative parcels and not upon the cooperative property as a whole. No ad valorem tax or special assessment may be separately assessed against common areas if the common areas are owned by the cooperative association or are jointly owned by the owners of the cooperative parcels. Each cooperative parcel shall be separately assessed for ad valorem taxes and special assessments as a single parcel. The property appraiser must be provided the necessary documents, as evidenced in the official records of the clerk of the circuit court of the county, to make a determination as to the ownership of a cooperative parcel for assessment and homestead tax exemption purposes. The taxes and special assessments levied against each cooperative parcel shall constitute a lien only upon the cooperative parcel assessed and upon no other portion of the cooperative property.
(2) All contractual provisions relating to a cooperative parcel which has been sold for taxes or special assessments survive and are enforceable after issuance of a tax deed or master’s deed, upon foreclosure of an assessment, a certificate or lien, a tax deed, tax certificate, or tax lien, to the same extent that they would be enforceable against a voluntary grantee of the title immediately prior to the delivery of the tax deed, master’s deed, or clerk’s certificate of title as provided in s. 197.573.
(3) Cooperative property divided into timeshare estates shall be assessed for purposes of ad valorem taxes and special assessments as provided in s. 192.037.
History.s. 22, ch. 86-175; s. 12, ch. 92-32; s. 3, ch. 2000-302.
719.115 Limitation of liability.
(1) The liability of the owner of a unit for common expenses is limited to the amounts for which he or she is assessed for common expenses from time to time in accordance with this chapter, the cooperative documents, and the bylaws.
(2) The owner of a unit may be personally liable for acts or omissions of the association in relation to the use of the common areas, but only to the extent of his or her pro rata share of the liability in the same percentage of his or her designated portion of the common expenses and then in no case shall the liability exceed the value of his or her unit.
(3) In any legal action in which the association may be exposed to liability in excess of insurance coverage protecting it and the unit owners, the association shall give notice of the exposure within a reasonable time to all unit owners, and they shall have the right to intervene and defend.
History.s. 10, ch. 99-382.
719.1255 Alternative resolution of disputes.The Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation shall provide for alternative dispute resolution in accordance with s. 718.1255.
History.s. 23, ch. 86-175; s. 23, ch. 92-49; s. 237, ch. 94-218; s. 56, ch. 2008-240.
719.127 Receivership notification.Upon the appointment of a receiver by a court for any reason relating to a cooperative association, the court shall direct the receiver to provide to all unit owners written notice of his or her appointment as receiver. Such notice shall be mailed or delivered within 10 days after the appointment. Notice by mail to a unit owner shall be sent to the address used by the county property appraiser for notice to the unit owner.
History.s. 7, ch. 2008-202.
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
OF DEVELOPERS
719.202 Sales or reservation deposits prior to closing.
719.203 Warranties.
719.202 Sales or reservation deposits prior to closing.
(1) If a developer contracts to sell a cooperative parcel and the construction, furnishing, and landscaping of the property submitted or proposed to be submitted to cooperative ownership has not been substantially completed in accordance with the plans and specifications and representations made by the developer in the disclosures required by this chapter, the developer shall pay into an escrow account all payments up to 10 percent of the sale price received by the developer from the buyer towards the sale price. The escrow agent shall give to the purchaser a receipt for the deposit, upon request. In lieu of the foregoing, the division director shall have the discretion to accept other assurances, including, but not limited to, a surety bond or an irrevocable letter of credit in an amount equal to the escrow requirements of this section. Default determinations and refund of deposits shall be governed by the escrow release provision of this subsection. Funds shall be released from the escrow as follows:
(a) If a buyer properly terminates the contract pursuant to its terms or pursuant to this chapter, the funds shall be paid to the buyer together with any interest earned.
(b) If the buyer defaults in the performance of his or her obligations under the contract of purchase and sale, the funds shall be paid to the developer together with any interest earned.
(c) If the contract does not provide for the payment of any interest earned on the escrowed funds, interest shall be paid to the developer at the closing of the transaction.
(d) If the funds of a buyer have not been previously disbursed in accordance with the provisions of this subsection, they may be disbursed to the developer by the escrow agent at the closing of the transaction, unless prior to the disbursement the escrow agent receives from the buyer written notice of a dispute between the buyer and developer.
(2) All payments in excess of the 10 percent of the sale price described in subsection (1) received prior to completion of construction by the developer from the buyer on a contract for purchase of a cooperative parcel shall be held in a special escrow account established as provided in subsection (1) and controlled by an escrow agent and may not be used by the developer prior to closing the transaction, except as provided in subsection (3) or except for refund to the buyer. If the money remains in this special account for more than 3 months and earns interest, the interest shall be paid as provided in subsection (1).
(3) If the contract for sale of the cooperative so provides, the developer may withdraw escrow funds in excess of 10 percent of the purchase price from the special account required by subsection (2) when the construction of improvements has begun. The developer may use the funds in the actual construction and development of the cooperative property in which the unit to be sold is located. However, no part of these funds may be used for salaries, commissions, or expenses of salespersons or for advertising purposes. A contract which permits use of the advance payments for these purposes shall include the following legend conspicuously printed or stamped in boldfaced type on the first page of the contract and immediately above the place for signature of the buyer: ANY PAYMENT IN EXCESS OF 10 PERCENT OF THE PURCHASE PRICE MADE TO DEVELOPER PRIOR TO CLOSING PURSUANT TO THIS CONTRACT MAY BE USED FOR CONSTRUCTION PURPOSES BY THE DEVELOPER.
(4) “Completion of construction” means issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the entire building or improvement, or the equivalent authorization issued by the governmental body having jurisdiction, and in jurisdictions where no certificate of occupancy or equivalent authorization is issued, it means substantial completion of construction, finishing, and equipping of the building or improvements according to the plans and specifications.
(5) Failure to comply with the provisions of this section renders the contract voidable by the buyer, and, if voided, all sums deposited or advanced under the contract shall be refunded with interest at the highest rate then being paid on savings accounts, excluding certificates of deposit, by savings and loan associations in the area in which the cooperative property is located.
(6) If a developer enters into a reservation agreement, the developer shall pay into an escrow account all reservation deposit payments. Reservation deposits shall be payable to the escrow agent, who shall give to the prospective purchaser a receipt for the deposit, acknowledging that the deposit is being held pursuant to the requirements of this subsection. The funds may be placed in either interest-bearing or non-interest-bearing accounts, provided that the funds shall at all reasonable times be available for withdrawal in full by the escrow agent. The developer shall maintain separate records for each cooperative parcel or proposed cooperative parcel for which deposits are being accepted. Upon written request to the escrow agent by the prospective purchaser or developer, the fund shall be immediately and without qualification refunded in full to the prospective purchaser. Upon such refund, any interest shall be paid to the prospective purchaser, unless otherwise provided in the reservation agreement. A reservation deposit shall not be released directly to the developer except as a down payment on the purchase price simultaneously with or subsequent to the execution of a contract. Upon the execution of a purchase agreement for a unit, any funds paid by the purchaser as a deposit to reserve the unit pursuant to a reservation agreement, and any interest thereon, shall cease to be subject to the provisions of this subsection and shall instead be subject to the provisions of subsections (1)-(5).
(7) Any developer who willfully fails to comply with the provisions of this section concerning establishment of an escrow account or deposit of funds into escrow or withdrawal therefrom is guilty of a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. The failure to establish an escrow account or to place funds therein shall be prima facie evidence of an intentional and purposeful violation of this section.
(8) Each escrow account required by this section shall be established with a bank, a savings and loan association, an attorney who is a member of The Florida Bar, a real estate broker registered under chapter 475, or any financial lending institution having a net worth in excess of $5 million. The escrow agent shall not be located outside the state unless, pursuant to the escrow agreement, the escrow agent submits to the jurisdiction of the division and the courts of this state for any cause of action arising from the escrow. Each escrow agent shall be independent of the developer, and no developer or any officer, director, affiliate, subsidiary, or employee thereof may serve as escrow agent. Escrow funds may be invested only in securities of the United States or any agency thereof or in accounts in institutions the deposits of which are insured by an agency of the United States.
(9) Any developer who is subject to the provisions of this section shall not be subject to the provisions of s. 501.1375.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 4, ch. 79-284; s. 11, ch. 81-185; s. 24, ch. 86-175; s. 878, ch. 97-102.
719.203 Warranties.
(1) The developer shall be deemed to have granted to the purchaser of each parcel an implied warranty of fitness and merchantability for the purposes or uses intended as follows:
(a) As to each unit, a warranty for 3 years commencing with the completion of the building containing the unit.
(b) As to the personal property that is transferred with, or appurtenant to, each unit, a warranty which is for the same period as that provided by the manufacturer of the personal property, commencing with the date of closing of the purchase or the date of possession of the unit, whichever is earlier.
(c) As to all other improvements for the use of unit owners, a 3-year warranty commencing with the date of completion of the improvements.
(d) As to all other personal property for the use of unit owners, a warranty which shall be the same as that provided by the manufacturer of the personal property.
(e) As to the roof and structural components of a building or other improvements and as to mechanical, electrical, and plumbing elements serving improvements or a building, except mechanical elements serving only one unit, a warranty for a period beginning with the completion of construction of each building or improvement and continuing for 3 years thereafter or 1 year after owners other than the developer obtain control of the association, whichever occurs last, but in no event continuing for more than 5 years.
(f) As to all other property which is conveyed with a unit, a warranty to the initial purchaser of each unit for a period of 1 year from the date of closing of the purchase or the date of possession, whichever occurs first.
(2) The contractor and all subcontractors and suppliers grant to the developer and to the purchaser of each unit implied warranties of fitness as to the work performed or materials supplied by them as follows:
(a) For a period of 3 years from the date of completion of construction of a building or improvement, a warranty as to the roof and structural components of the building or improvement and mechanical and plumbing elements serving a building or an improvement, except mechanical elements serving only one unit.
(b) For a period of 1 year after completion of all construction, a warranty as to all other improvements and materials.
(3) “Completion of a building or improvement” means issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the entire building or improvement, or the equivalent authorization issued by the governmental body having jurisdiction, and in jurisdictions where no certificate of occupancy or equivalent authorization is issued, it means substantial completion of construction, finishing, and equipping of the building or improvement according to the plans and specifications.
(4) These warranties are conditioned upon routine maintenance being performed, unless the maintenance is the obligation of the developer or a developer-controlled association.
(5) The warranties provided by this section shall inure to the benefit of each owner and his or her successor owners and to the benefit of the developer.
(6) Nothing in this section affects a cooperative as to which rights are established by contracts for sale of 10 percent or more of the units in the cooperative by the developer to prospective unit owners prior to July 1, 1974, or as to cooperative buildings on which construction has been commenced prior to July 1, 1974.
History.s. 1, ch. 76-222; s. 6, ch. 79-284; s. 25, ch. 86-175; s. 879, ch. 97-102.
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
OF ASSOCIATION
719.301 Transfer of association control.
719.302 Agreements entered into by the association.
719.3026 Contracts for products and services; in writing; bids; exceptions.
719.303 Obligations of owners.
719.304 Association’s right to amend cooperative documents.
719.301 Transfer of association control.
(1) When unit owners other than the developer own 15 percent or more of the units in a cooperative that will be operated ultimately by an association, the unit owners other than the developer shall be entitled to elect not less than one-third of the members of the board of administration of the association. Unit owners other than the developer are entitled to elect not less than a majority of the members of the board of administration of an association:
(a) Three years after 50 percent of the units that will be operated ultimately by the association have been conveyed to purchasers;
(b) Three months after 90 percent of the units that will be operated ultimately by the association have been conveyed to purchasers;
(c) When all the units that will be operated ultimately by the association have been completed, some have been conveyed to purchasers, and none of the others are being offered for sale by the developer in the ordinary course of business;
(d) When some of the units have been conveyed to purchasers and none of the others are being constructed or offered for sale by the developer in the ordinary course of business; or
(e) Seven years after creation of the cooperative association,

whichever occurs first. The developer is entitled to elect at least one member of the board of administration of an association as long as the developer holds for sale in the ordinary course of business at least 5 percent in cooperatives with fewer than 500 units and 2 percent in cooperatives with 500 or more units in a cooperative operated by the association. After the developer relinquishes control of the association, the developer may exercise the right to vote any developer-owned units in the same manner as any other unit owner except for purposes of reacquiring control of the association or selecting the majority of the members of the board.

(2) Within 75 days after the unit owners other than the developer are entitled to elect a member or members of the board of administration of an association, the association shall call, and give not less than 60 days’ notice of, an election for the members of the board of administration. The election shall proceed as provided in s. 719.106(1)(d). The notice may be given by any unit owner if the association fails to do so. Upon election of the first unit owner other than the developer to the board of administration, the developer shall forward to the division the name and mailing address of the unit owner board member.
(3) If a developer holds units for sale in the ordinary course of business, none of the following actions may be taken without approval in writing by the developer:
(a) Assessment of the developer as a unit owner for capital improvements.
(b) Any action by the association that would be detrimental to the sales of units by the developer. However, an increase in assessments for common expenses without discrimination against the developer shall not be deemed to be detrimental to the sales of units.
(4) When unit owners other than the developer elect a majority of the members of the board of administration of an association, the developer shall relinquish control of the association, and the unit owners shall accept control. Simultaneously, or for the purpose of paragraph (c) not more than 90 days thereafter, the developer shall deliver to the association, at the developer’s expense, all property of the unit owners and of the association held or controlled by the developer, including, but not limited to, the following items, if applicable, as to each cooperative operated by the association:
(a)1. The original or a photocopy of the recorded cooperative documents and all amendments thereto. If a photocopy is provided, it shall be certified by affidavit of the developer, or an officer or agent of the developer, as being a complete copy of the actual recorded cooperative documents.
2. A certified copy of the association’s articles of incorporation, or if it is not incorporated, then copies of the documents creating the association.
3. A copy of the bylaws.
4. The minute books, including all minutes, and other books and records of the association, if any.
5. Any house rules and regulations which have been promulgated.
(b) Resignations of officers and members of the board of administration who are required to resign because the developer is required to relinquish control of the association.
(c) The financial records, including financial statements of the association, and source documents since the incorporation of the association through the date of turnover. The records shall be audited for the period of the incorporation of the association or for the period covered by the last audit, if an audit has been performed for each fiscal year since incorporation, by an independent certified public accountant. All financial statements shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards and shall be audited in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards as prescribed by the Board of Accountancy. The accountant performing the review shall examine to the extent necessary supporting documents and records, including the cash disbursements and related paid invoices to determine if expenditures were for association purposes and the billings, cash receipts, and related records to determine that the developer was charged and paid the proper amounts of assessments.
(d) Association funds or control thereof.
(e) All tangible personal property that is property of the association, represented by the developer to be part of the common areas or ostensibly part of the common areas, and an inventory of that property.
(f) A copy of the plans and specifications utilized in the construction or remodeling of improvements and the supplying of equipment to the cooperative and in the construction and installation of all mechanical components serving the improvements and the site, with a certificate in affidavit form of the developer, the developer’s agent, or an architect or engineer authorized to practice in this state that such plans and specifications represent, to the best of their knowledge and belief, the actual plans and specifications utilized in the construction and improvement of the cooperative property and for the construction and installation of the mechanical components serving the improvements. If the cooperative property has been organized as a cooperative more than 3 years after the completion of construction or remodeling of the improvements, the requirements of this paragraph shall not apply.
(g) A list of the names and addresses, of which the developer had knowledge at any time in the development of the cooperative, of all contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers utilized in the construction or remodeling of the improvements and in the landscaping.
(h) Insurance policies.
(i) Copies of any certificates of occupancy which may have been issued for the cooperative property.
(j) Any other permits issued by governmental bodies applicable to the cooperative property in force or issued within 1 year prior to the date the unit owners other than the developer take control of the association.
(k) All written warranties of the contractor, subcontractors, suppliers, and manufacturers, if any, that are still effective.
(l) A roster of unit owners and their addresses and telephone numbers, if known, as shown on the developer’s records.
(m) Leases of the common areas and other leases to which the association is a party.
(n) Employment contracts or service contracts in which the association is one of the contracting parties or service contracts in which the association or the unit owners have an obligation or responsibility, directly or indirectly, to pay some or all of the fee or charge of the person or persons performing the service.
(o) All other contracts to which the association is a party.
(5) If, during the period prior to the time the developer relinquishes control of the association pursuant to subsection (4), any provision of the Cooperative Act or any rule adopted thereunder is violated by the association, the developer shall be responsible for such violation and shall be subject to the administrative action provided in this chapter for such violation, and the developer shall be liable to third parties for such violation. This subsection is intended to clarify existing law.
(6) The division may adopt rules administering the provisions of this section.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 7, ch. 79-284; s. 12, ch. 81-185; s. 26, ch. 86-175; s. 25, ch. 92-49; s. 880, ch. 97-102; s. 12, ch. 98-322.
719.302 Agreements entered into by the association.
(1) Any grant or reservation made by a cooperative document, lease, or other document, and any contract made by an association prior to assumption of control of the association by unit owners other than the developer, that provides for operation, maintenance, or management of a cooperative association or property serving the unit owners of a cooperative shall be fair and reasonable and may be canceled by unit owners other than the developer:
(a) If the association operates only one cooperative and the unit owners other than the developer have assumed control of the association, or if unit owners other than the developer own not less than 75 percent of the voting interests in the cooperative, the cancellation shall be by concurrence of the owners of not less than 75 percent of the voting interests other than the voting interests owned by the developer. If a grant, reservation, or contract is so canceled and the unit owners other than the developer have not assumed control of the association, the association shall make a new contract or otherwise provide for maintenance, management, or operation in lieu of the canceled obligation, at the direction of the owners of not less than a majority of the voting interests in the cooperative other than the voting interests owned by the developer.
(b) If the association operates more than one cooperative and the unit owners other than the developer have not assumed control of the association, and if unit owners other than the developer own at least 75 percent of the voting interests in a cooperative operated by the association, any grant, reservation, or contract for maintenance, management, or operation of buildings containing the units in that cooperative or of improvements used only by unit owners of that cooperative may be canceled by concurrence of the owners of at least 75 percent of the voting interests in the cooperative other than the voting interests owned by the developer. No grant, reservation, or contract for maintenance, management, or operation of recreational areas or any other property serving more than one cooperative, and operated by more than one association, may be canceled except pursuant to paragraph (d).
(c) If the association operates more than one cooperative and the unit owners other than the developer have assumed control of the association, the cancellation shall be by concurrence of the owners of not less than 75 percent of the total number of voting interests in all cooperatives operated by the association other than the voting interests owned by the developer.
(d) If the owners of units in a cooperative have the right to use property in common with owners of units in other cooperatives and those cooperatives are operated by more than one association, no grant, reservation, or contract for maintenance, management, or operation of the property serving more than one cooperative may be canceled until unit owners other than the developer have assumed control of all of the associations operating the cooperatives that are to be served by the recreational area or other property, after which cancellation may be effected by concurrence of the owners of not less than 75 percent of the total number of voting interests in those cooperatives other than voting interests owned by the developer.
(2) Any grant or reservation made by a cooperative document, lease, or other document, or any contract made by the developer or association prior to the time unit owners other than the developer elect a majority of the board of administration, which requires the association to purchase cooperative property or to lease cooperative property to another party shall be deemed ratified unless rejected by a majority of the voting interests of unit owners other than the developer within 18 months after unit owners other than the developer elect a majority of the board of administration. This subsection does not apply to any grant or reservation made by a declaration whereby persons other than the developer or the developer’s heirs, assigns, affiliates, directors, officers, or employees are granted the right to use the cooperative property, so long as such persons are obligated to pay, at a minimum, a proportionate share of the cost associated with such property.
(3) Any grant or reservation made by a cooperative document, lease, or other document, and any contract made by an association, whether before or after assumption of control of the association by unit owners other than the developer, that provides for operation, maintenance, or management of a cooperative association or property serving the unit owners of a cooperative shall not be in conflict with the powers and duties of the association or the rights of unit owners as provided in this chapter. This subsection is intended only as a clarification of existing law.
(4) Any grant or reservation made by a cooperative document, lease, or other document, and any contract made by an association prior to assumption of control of the association by unit owners other than the developer, shall be fair and reasonable.
(5) It is declared that the public policy of this state prohibits the inclusion or enforcement of escalation clauses in management contracts for cooperatives, and such clauses are hereby declared void for public policy. For the purposes of this section, an escalation clause is any clause in a cooperative management contract which provides that the fee under the contract shall increase at the same percentage rate as any nationally recognized and conveniently available commodity or consumer price index.
(6) Any action to compel compliance with the provisions of this section or of s. 719.301 may be brought pursuant to the summary procedure provided for in s. 51.011. In any such action brought to compel compliance with the provisions of s. 719.301, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorney’s fees.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 8, ch. 79-284; s. 27, ch. 86-175; s. 881, ch. 97-102.
719.3026 Contracts for products and services; in writing; bids; exceptions.Associations with less than 100 units may opt out of the provisions of this section if two-thirds of the unit owners vote to do so, which opt-out may be accomplished by a proxy specifically setting forth the exception from this section.
(1) All contracts as further described herein or any contract that is not to be fully performed within 1 year after the making thereof, for the purchase, lease, or renting of materials or equipment to be used by the association in accomplishing its purposes under this chapter, and all contracts for the provision of services, shall be in writing. If a contract for the purchase, lease, or renting of materials or equipment, or for the provision of services, requires payment by the association in an amount which in the aggregate exceeds 5 percent of the association’s budget, including reserves, the association shall obtain competitive bids for the materials, equipment, or services. Nothing contained herein shall be construed to require the association to accept the lowest bid.
(2)(a)1. Notwithstanding the foregoing, contracts with employees of the association, and contracts for attorney, accountant, architect, community association manager, timeshare management firm, engineering, and landscape architect services shall not be subject to the provisions of this section.
2. A contract executed before January 1, 1992, and any renewal thereof, is not subject to the competitive bid requirements of this section. If a contract was awarded under the competitive bid procedures of this section, any renewal of that contract is not subject to such competitive bid requirements if the contract contains a provision that allows the board to cancel the contract on 30 days’ notice. Materials, equipment, or services provided to a cooperative pursuant to a local government franchise agreement by a franchise holder are not subject to the competitive bid requirement. A contract with a manager, if made by a competitive bid, may be made for up to 3 years. A condominium whose declaration or bylaws provides for competitive bidding for services may operate under the provisions of that declaration or bylaws in lieu of this section if those provisions are not less stringent than the requirements of this section.
(b) This section does not limit the ability of an association to obtain needed products and services in an emergency.
(c) This section does not apply if the business entity with which the association desires to enter into a contract is the only source of supply within the county serving the association.
History.s. 26, ch. 92-49; s. 4, ch. 2000-302.
719.303 Obligations of owners.
(1) Each unit owner, each tenant and other invitee, and each association shall be governed by, and shall comply with the provisions of, this chapter, the cooperative documents, the documents creating the association, and the association bylaws, and the provisions thereof shall be deemed expressly incorporated into any lease of a unit. Actions for damages or for injunctive relief, or both, for failure to comply with these provisions may be brought by the association or by a unit owner against:
(a) The association.
(b) A unit owner.
(c) Directors designated by the developer, for actions taken by them prior to the time control of the association is assumed by unit owners other than the developer.
(d) Any director who willfully and knowingly fails to comply with these provisions.
(e) Any tenant leasing a unit, and any other invitee occupying a unit.

The prevailing party in any such action or in any action in which the purchaser claims a right of voidability based upon contractual provisions as required in s. 719.503(1)(a) is entitled to recover reasonable attorney’s fees. A unit owner prevailing in an action between the association and the unit owner under this section, in addition to recovering his or her reasonable attorney’s fees, may recover additional amounts as determined by the court to be necessary to reimburse the unit owner for his or her share of assessments levied by the association to fund its expenses of the litigation. This relief does not exclude other remedies provided by law. Actions arising under this subsection shall not be deemed to be actions for specific performance.

(2) A provision of this chapter may not be waived if the waiver would adversely affect the rights of a unit owner or the purpose of the provision, except that unit owners or members of a board of administration may waive notice of specific meetings in writing if provided by the bylaws. Any instrument given in writing by the unit owner or purchaser to an escrow agent may be relied upon by an escrow agent, whether or not such instruction and the payment of funds thereunder might constitute a waiver of any provision of this chapter.
(3) The association may levy reasonable fines for failure of the unit owner or the unit’s occupant, licensee, or invitee to comply with any provision of the cooperative documents or reasonable rules of the association. A fine may not become a lien against a unit. A fine may be levied on the basis of each day of a continuing violation, with a single notice and opportunity for hearing. However, the fine may not exceed $100 per violation, or $1,000 in the aggregate.
(a) An association may suspend, for a reasonable period of time, the right of a unit owner, or a unit owner’s tenant, guest, or invitee, to use the common elements, common facilities, or any other association property for failure to comply with any provision of the cooperative documents or reasonable rules of the association.
(b) A fine or suspension may not be imposed except after giving reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing to the unit owner and, if applicable, the unit’s licensee or invitee. The hearing must be held before a committee of other unit owners. If the committee does not agree with the fine or suspension, it may not be imposed.
(4) If a unit owner is more than 90 days delinquent in paying a monetary obligation due to the association, the association may suspend the right of the unit owner or the unit’s occupant, licensee, or invitee to use common elements, common facilities, or any other association property until the monetary obligation is paid in full. This subsection does not apply to limited common elements intended to be used only by that unit, common elements needed to access the unit, utility services provided to the unit, parking spaces, or elevators. The notice and hearing requirements under subsection (3) do not apply to suspensions imposed under this subsection.
(5) An association may suspend the voting rights of a unit or member due to nonpayment of any monetary obligation due to the association which is more than 90 days delinquent. A voting interest or consent right allocated to a unit or member which has been suspended by the association may not be counted towards the total number of voting interests for any purpose, including, but not limited to, the number of voting interests necessary to constitute a quorum, the number of voting interests required to conduct an election, or the number of voting interests required to approve an action under this chapter or pursuant to the cooperative documents, articles of incorporation, or bylaws. The suspension ends upon full payment of all obligations currently due or overdue the association. The notice and hearing requirements under subsection (3) do not apply to a suspension imposed under this subsection.
(6) All suspensions imposed pursuant to subsection (4) or subsection (5) must be approved at a properly noticed board meeting. Upon approval, the association must notify the unit owner and, if applicable, the unit’s occupant, licensee, or invitee by mail or hand delivery.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 28, ch. 86-175; s. 6, ch. 87-117; s. 27, ch. 92-49; s. 882, ch. 97-102; s. 15, ch. 2003-14; s. 15, ch. 2011-196.
719.304 Association’s right to amend cooperative documents.
(1) If there is an omission or error in any cooperative document, or in other documents required by law to establish the cooperative, the association may correct the error or omission by an amendment to the cooperative document, or the other documents required to create a cooperative, in the manner provided in the document to amend the document, or, if none is provided, then by vote of a majority of the voting interests. The amendment is effective when passed and approved. This procedure for amendment cannot be used if such an amendment would materially or adversely affect property rights of unit owners, unless the affected owners consent in writing. This subsection does not restrict the powers of the association to otherwise amend the cooperative documents, or other documentation, but authorizes a simple process of amendment requiring a lesser vote for the purpose of curing defects, errors, or omissions when the property rights of unit owners are not materially or adversely affected.
(2) If there is an omission or error in a cooperative document, or other documents required to establish the cooperative, which would affect the valid existence of the cooperative and which may not be corrected by the amendment procedures in the cooperative documents or this chapter, then the circuit courts have jurisdiction to entertain petitions of one or more of the unit owners therein, or of the association, to correct the error or omission, and the action may be a class action. The court may require that one or more methods of correcting the error or omission be submitted to the unit owners to determine the most acceptable correction. All unit owners and the association and mortgagees of a first mortgage of record must be joined as parties to the action. Service of process on owners may be by publication, but the plaintiff shall furnish all unit owners not personally served with process with copies of the petition and final decree of the court by certified mail, return receipt requested, at their last known residence address. If an action to determine whether the cooperative documents or other documents comply with the mandatory requirements for the formation of a cooperative contained in this chapter is not brought within 3 years of the filing of the cooperative documents, the cooperative documents and other documents shall be effective under this chapter to create a cooperative, whether or not the documents substantially comply with the mandatory requirements of this chapter. However, both before and after the expiration of this 3-year period, circuit courts have jurisdiction to entertain petitions permitted under this subsection for the correction of the documentation, and other methods of amendment may be utilized to correct the errors or omissions at any time.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 224, ch. 77-104; s. 29, ch. 86-175.
SPECIAL TYPES OF COOPERATIVES
719.401 Leaseholds.
719.4015 Cooperative leases; escalation clauses.
719.402 Conversion of existing improvements to cooperative.
719.403 Phase cooperatives.
719.401 Leaseholds.
(1) A cooperative may be created on lands held under lease or may include recreational facilities or other common elements or commonly used facilities on a leasehold, if, on the date the first unit is conveyed by the developer to a bona fide purchaser, the lease has an unexpired term of at least 50 years. However, if the cooperative constitutes a timeshare cooperative created pursuant to chapter 721, the lease must have an unexpired term of at least 30 years. If rent under the lease is payable by the association or by the unit owners, the lease shall include the following requirements:
(a) The leased land must be identified by a description that is sufficient to pass title, and the leased personal property must be identified by a general description of the items of personal property and the approximate number of each item of personal property that the developer is committing to furnish for each room or other facility. In the alternative, the personal property may be identified by a representation as to the minimum amount of expenditure that will be made to purchase the personal property for the facility. Unless the lease is of a unit, the identification of the land shall be supplemented by a survey showing the relation of the leased land to the land included in the common areas. This provision shall not prohibit adding additional land or personal property in accordance with the terms of the lease, provided there is no increase in rent or material increase in maintenance costs to the individual unit owner.
(b) The lease shall not contain a reservation of the right of possession or control of the leased property by the lessor or any person other than unit owners or the association, and shall not create rights to possession or use of the leased property in any parties other than the association or unit owners of the cooperative to be served by the leased property, unless the reservations and rights created are conspicuously disclosed. Any provision for use of the leased property by anyone other than unit owners of the cooperatives to be served by the leased property shall require the other users to pay a fair and reasonable share of the maintenance and repair obligations and other exactions due from users of the leased property.
(c) The lease shall state the minimum number of unit owners that will be required, directly or indirectly, to pay the rent under the lease and the maximum number of units that will be served by the leased property. The limitation of the number of units to be served shall not preclude enlargement of the facilities leased and an increase in their capacity, if approved by the association operating the leased property after unit owners other than the developer have assumed control of the association. This paragraph does not apply if the lessor is the Government of the United States or the State of Florida or any political subdivision thereof or any agency or any political subdivision thereof.
(d)1. In any action by the lessor to enforce a lien for rent payable or in any action by the association or a unit owner with respect to the obligations of the lessee or the lessor under the lease, the unit owner or the association may raise any issue or interpose any defenses, legal or equitable, that he or she or it may have with respect to the lessor’s obligations under the lease. If the unit owner or the association initiates any action or interposes any defense other than payment of rent under the lease, the unit owner or the association shall, upon service of process upon the lessor, pay into the registry of the court any allegedly accrued rent and the rent which accrues during the pendency of the proceeding, when due. If the unit owner or the association fails to pay the rent into the registry of the court, it shall constitute an absolute waiver of the unit owner’s or association’s defenses other than payment, and the lessor shall be entitled to default. The unit owner or the association shall notify the lessor of any deposits. When the unit owner or the association has deposited the required funds into the registry of the court, the lessor may apply to the court for disbursement of all or part of the funds shown to be necessary for the payment of taxes, mortgage payments, maintenance and operating expenses, and other necessary expenses incident to maintaining and equipping the leased facilities or necessary for the payment of other expenses arising out of personal hardship resulting from the loss of rental income from the leased facilities. The court, after an evidentiary hearing, may award all or part of the funds on deposit to the lessor for such purpose. The court shall require the lessor to post bond or other security, as a condition to the release of funds from the registry, when the value of the leased land and improvements, apart from the lease itself, is inadequate to fully secure the sum of existing encumbrances on the leased property and the amounts released from the court registry.
2. When the association or unit owners have deposited funds into the registry of the court pursuant to this subsection, and the unit owners and association have otherwise complied with their obligations under the lease or agreement, other than paying rent into the registry of the court rather than to the lessor, the lessor cannot hold the association or unit owners in default on their rental payments nor may the lessor file liens or initiate foreclosure proceedings against unit owners. If the lessor, in violation of this subsection, attempts such liens or foreclosures, then the lessor may be liable for damages plus attorney’s fees and costs which the association or unit owners incurred in satisfying those liens or foreclosures.
3. Nothing in this paragraph shall affect litigation commenced prior to October 1, 1979.
(e) If the lease is of recreational facilities or other commonly used facilities that are not completed, rent shall not commence until some of the facilities are completed. Until all of the facilities leased are completed, rent shall be prorated and paid only for the completed facilities in the proportion that the value of the completed facilities bears to the estimated value, when completed, of all of the facilities that are leased. The facilities shall be complete when they have been constructed, finished, and equipped and are available for use.
(f)1. A lease of recreational or other commonly used facilities entered into by the association or unit owners prior to the time the control of the association is turned over to unit owners other than the developer shall grant to the lessee an option to purchase the leased property, payable in cash on any anniversary date of the beginning of the lease term after the 10th anniversary, at a price then determined by agreement. If there is no agreement as to the price, then the price shall be determined by arbitration. This paragraph shall be applied to contracts entered into on, before, or after January 1, 1977, regardless of the duration of the lease.
2. If the lessor wishes to sell his or her interest and has received a bona fide offer to purchase it, the lessor shall send the association and each unit owner a copy of the executed offer. For 90 days following receipt of the offer by the association or unit owners, the association or unit owners have the option to purchase the interest on the terms and conditions in the offer. The option shall be exercised, if at all, by notice in writing given to the lessor within the 90-day period. If the association or unit owners do not exercise the option, the lessor shall have the right, for a period of 60 days after the 90-day period has expired, to complete the transaction described in the offer to purchase. If for any reason such transaction is not concluded within the 60 days, the offer shall have been abandoned, and the provisions of this subsection shall be reimposed.
3. The option shall be exercised upon approval by owners of two-thirds of the units served by the leased property.
4. The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to a nonresidential cooperative and shall not apply if the lessor is the Government of the United States or the State of Florida or any political subdivision thereof or, in the case of an underlying land lease, a person or entity which is not the developer or directly or indirectly owned or controlled by the developer and did not obtain, directly or indirectly, ownership of the leased property from the developer.
(g) The lease or a subordination agreement executed by the lessor must provide either:
1. That any lien which encumbers a unit for rent or other moneys or exactions payable is subordinate to any mortgage held by an institutional lender, or
2. That, upon the foreclosure of any mortgage held by an institutional lender or upon delivery of a deed in lieu of foreclosure, the lien for the unit owner’s share of the rent or other exactions shall not be extinguished but shall be foreclosed and unenforceable against the mortgagee with respect to that unit’s share of the rent and other exactions which mature or become due and payable on or before the date of the final judgment of foreclosure, in the event of foreclosure, or on or before the date of delivery of the deed in lieu of foreclosure. The lien may, however, automatically and by operation of the lease or other instrument, reattach to the unit and secure the payment of the unit’s proportionate share of the rent or other exactions coming due subsequent to the date of final decree of foreclosure or the date of delivery of the deed in lieu of foreclosure.

This paragraph does not apply if the lessor is the Government of the United States or the State of Florida or any political subdivision thereof or any agency or political subdivision thereof.

(2) If rent under the lease is a fixed amount for the full duration of the lease, and the rent thereunder is payable by the association or the unit owners, the division director shall have the discretion to accept alternative assurances sufficient to secure the payment of rent, including, but not limited to, annuities with an insurance company authorized to do business in this state, the beneficiary of which shall be the association, or, cash deposits in trust, the beneficiary of which shall be the association, which deposit shall be at an amount sufficient to generate interest sufficient to meet lease payments as they occur. If alternative assurances are accepted by the division director, the following apply:
(a) Disclosures contemplated by paragraph (1)(b), if not contained within the lease, may be made by the developer.
(b) Disclosures as to the minimum number of unit owners that will be required, directly or indirectly, to pay the rent under the lease and the maximum number of units that will be served by the leased property, if not contained in the lease, may be stated by the developer.
(c) The provisions of paragraphs (1)(d) and (e) apply, but need not be stated in the lease.
(d) The provisions of paragraph (1)(g) do not apply.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 9, ch. 79-284; s. 5, ch. 80-323; s. 13, ch. 81-185; s. 30, ch. 86-175; s. 8, ch. 88-148; s. 3, ch. 88-225; s. 883, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 2000-302.
719.4015 Cooperative leases; escalation clauses.
(1) It is declared that the public policy of this state prohibits the inclusion or enforcement of escalation clauses in land leases or other leases or agreements for recreational facilities, land, or other commonly used facilities serving residential cooperatives, and such clauses are hereby declared void for public policy. For the purposes of this section, an escalation clause is any clause in a cooperative lease or agreement which provides that the rental under the lease or agreement shall increase at the same percentage rate as any nationally recognized and conveniently available commodity or consumer price index.
(2) This public policy prohibits the inclusion or enforcement of such escalation clauses in leases related to cooperatives for which the cooperative documents were recorded on or after June 4, 1975; it prohibits the enforcement of escalation clauses in leases related to cooperatives for which the cooperative documents were recorded prior to June 4, 1975, but which have been refused enforcement on the grounds that the parties agreed to be bound by subsequent amendments to the Florida Statutes or which have been found to be void because of a finding that such lease is unconscionable or which have been refused enforcement on the basis of the application of former s. 719.401(8); and it prohibits any further escalation of rental fees after October 1, 1988, pursuant to escalation clauses in leases related to cooperatives for which the cooperative documents were recorded prior to June 4, 1975.
(3) The provisions of this section do not apply if the lessor is the Government of the United States or the State of Florida or any political subdivision thereof or any agency of any political subdivision thereof.
History.s. 9, ch. 88-148; s. 4, ch. 88-225; s. 2, ch. 89-164.
719.402 Conversion of existing improvements to cooperative.A developer may create a cooperative by converting existing, previously occupied improvements to such ownership by complying with parts I and VI of this chapter.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 10, ch. 79-284; s. 9, ch. 80-3.
719.403 Phase cooperatives.
(1) A developer may develop a cooperative in phases, if the original cooperative documents or an amendment to the cooperative documents approved by the unit owners and unit mortgagees provides for and describes in detail all anticipated phases, the impact, if any, which the completion of subsequent phases would have upon the initial phase, and the time period within which all phases must be added to the cooperative and must comply with the requirements of this section or the right to add additional phases shall expire.
(2) The original cooperative documents shall describe:
(a) The land which may become part of the cooperative and the land on which each phase is to be built. The descriptions shall include metes and bounds or other legal descriptions of the land for each phase, plot plans, and surveys. Plot plans, attached as an exhibit, must show the approximate location of all existing and proposed buildings and improvements that may ultimately be contained within the cooperative. The plot plan may be modified by the developer as to unit or building types to the extent that such changes are described in the cooperative documents. If provided in the cooperative documents, the developer may make nonmaterial changes in the legal description of a phase.
(b) The minimum and maximum number and general size of units to be included in each phase. The general size may be expressed in terms of minimum and maximum square feet. In stating the minimum and maximum number of units, the difference between the minimum and maximum numbers shall not be greater than 20 percent of the maximum.
(c) Each unit’s percentage ownership in the common areas as each phase is added. In lieu of specific percentages, a formula for reallocating each unit’s proportion or percentage of ownership in the common areas and manner of sharing common expenses and owning common surplus as additional units are added to the cooperative by the addition of any land may be described. The basis for allocating percentage ownership of units in phases added shall be consistent with the basis for allocation made among the units originally in the cooperative.
(d) The recreation areas and facilities to be owned as common areas by all unit owners and all personal property to be provided as each phase is added to the cooperative, and those facilities or areas which may not be built or provided if any phase or phases are not developed and added as a part of the cooperative. The developer may reserve the right to add additional common area recreational facilities if the original cooperative documents contain a description of each type of facility and its proposed location. The cooperative documents shall set forth the circumstances under which such facilities will be added.
(e) The membership vote and ownership in the association attributable to each unit in each phase and the results if any phase or phases are not developed and added as a part of the cooperative.
(f) Whether or not timeshare estates will or may be created with respect to units in any phase and, if so, the degree, quantity, nature, and extent of such estates, specifying the minimum duration of the recurring periods of rights of use, possession, or occupancy that may be established with respect to any unit.
(3) The developer shall notify owners of existing units of the commencement of, or the decision not to add, one or more additional phases. Notice shall be by certified mail addressed to each owner at the address of the owner’s unit or at his or her last known address.
(4) If one or more phases are not built, the units which are built are entitled to 100 percent ownership of all common areas within the phases actually developed and added as a part of the cooperative.
(5) If the cooperative documents require the developer to convey any additional lands or facilities to the cooperative after the completion of the first phase and the developer fails to do so within the time specified, or within a reasonable time if none is specified, then any owner of a unit or the association may enforce such obligations against the developer or bring an action against the developer for damages caused by the developer’s failure to convey to the association such additional lands or facilities.
(6) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, any amendments by the developer adding any land to the cooperative shall be consistent with the provisions of the cooperative documents granting such right and shall contain or provide for the following matters:
(a) The legal description of the land being added to the cooperative.
(b) An identification by letter, name, or number, or a combination thereof, of each unit within the land added to the cooperative, to ensure that no unit in the cooperative, including the additional land, will bear the same designation as any other unit.
(c) A survey of the additional land and graphic description of the improvements in which any units are located and a plot plan thereof, and a certificate of surveyor, in conformance with 1s. 719.1035(4)(e).
(d) The undivided share in the common areas appurtenant to each unit in the cooperative stated as percentages or fractions which, in the aggregate, must equal the whole and must be determined in conformance with the manner of allocation set forth in the original cooperative documents.
(e) The proportions or percentages and the manner of sharing common expenses and owning common surplus which for residential units must be the same as the undivided share in the common areas. Amendments adding phases to a cooperative shall not require the execution of such amendments or consents thereto by unit owners other than the developer, unless the amendment permits the creation of timeshare estates in any unit of the additional phase of the condominium and such creation is not authorized by the original declaration.
(7) Upon recording the cooperative documents or amendments adding phases pursuant to this section, the developer or association shall file the recording information with the division within 30 working days on a form prescribed by the division.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 225, ch. 77-104; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 31, ch. 86-175; s. 884, ch. 97-102; s. 13, ch. 98-322.
1Note.Section 719.1035, as amended by s. 6, ch. 99-382, does not have a subsection (4).
REGULATION AND DISCLOSURE PRIOR
TO SALE OF RESIDENTIAL
COOPERATIVES
719.501 Powers and duties of Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes.
719.502 Filing prior to sale or lease.
719.503 Disclosure prior to sale.
719.504 Prospectus or offering circular.
719.505 Good faith effort to comply.
719.506 Publication of false and misleading information.
719.507 Zoning and building laws, ordinances, and regulations.
719.508 Regulation by Division of Hotels and Restaurants.
719.501 Powers and duties of Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes.
(1) The Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, referred to as the “division” in this part, in addition to other powers and duties prescribed by chapter 718, has the power to enforce and ensure compliance with this chapter and adopted rules relating to the development, construction, sale, lease, ownership, operation, and management of residential cooperative units. In performing its duties, the division shall have the following powers and duties:
(a) The division may make necessary public or private investigations within or outside this state to determine whether any person has violated this chapter or any rule or order hereunder, to aid in the enforcement of this chapter, or to aid in the adoption of rules or forms hereunder.
(b) The division may require or permit any person to file a statement in writing, under oath or otherwise, as the division determines, as to the facts and circumstances concerning a matter to be investigated.
(c) For the purpose of any investigation under this chapter, the division director or any officer or employee designated by the division director may administer oaths or affirmations, subpoena witnesses and compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of any matter which is relevant to the investigation, including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books, documents, or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons having knowledge of relevant facts or any other matter reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of material evidence. Upon failure by a person to obey a subpoena or to answer questions propounded by the investigating officer and upon reasonable notice to all persons affected thereby, the division may apply to the circuit court for an order compelling compliance.
(d) Notwithstanding any remedies available to unit owners and associations, if the division has reasonable cause to believe that a violation of any provision of this chapter or related rule has occurred, the division may institute enforcement proceedings in its own name against a developer, association, officer, or member of the board, or its assignees or agents, as follows:
1. The division may permit a person whose conduct or actions may be under investigation to waive formal proceedings and enter into a consent proceeding whereby orders, rules, or letters of censure or warning, whether formal or informal, may be entered against the person.
2. The division may issue an order requiring the developer, association, officer, or member of the board, or its assignees or agents, to cease and desist from the unlawful practice and take such affirmative action as in the judgment of the division will carry out the purposes of this chapter. Such affirmative action may include, but is not limited to, an order requiring a developer to pay moneys determined to be owed to a condominium association.
3. The division may bring an action in circuit court on behalf of a class of unit owners, lessees, or purchasers for declaratory relief, injunctive relief, or restitution.
4. The division may impose a civil penalty against a developer or association, or its assignees or agents, for any violation of this chapter or related rule. The division may impose a civil penalty individually against any officer or board member who willfully and knowingly violates a provision of this chapter, a rule adopted pursuant to this chapter, or a final order of the division. The term “willfully and knowingly” means that the division informed the officer or board member that his or her action or intended action violates this chapter, a rule adopted under this chapter, or a final order of the division, and that the officer or board member refused to comply with the requirements of this chapter, a rule adopted under this chapter, or a final order of the division. The division, prior to initiating formal agency action under chapter 120, shall afford the officer or board member an opportunity to voluntarily comply with this chapter, a rule adopted under this chapter, or a final order of the division. An officer or board member who complies within 10 days is not subject to a civil penalty. A penalty may be imposed on the basis of each day of continuing violation, but in no event shall the penalty for any offense exceed $5,000. By January 1, 1998, the division shall adopt, by rule, penalty guidelines applicable to possible violations or to categories of violations of this chapter or rules adopted by the division. The guidelines must specify a meaningful range of civil penalties for each such violation of the statute and rules and must be based upon the harm caused by the violation, the repetition of the violation, and upon such other factors deemed relevant by the division. For example, the division may consider whether the violations were committed by a developer or owner-controlled association, the size of the association, and other factors. The guidelines must designate the possible mitigating or aggravating circumstances that justify a departure from the range of penalties provided by the rules. It is the legislative intent that minor violations be distinguished from those which endanger the health, safety, or welfare of the cooperative residents or other persons and that such guidelines provide reasonable and meaningful notice to the public of likely penalties that may be imposed for proscribed conduct. This subsection does not limit the ability of the division to informally dispose of administrative actions or complaints by stipulation, agreed settlement, or consent order. All amounts collected shall be deposited with the Chief Financial Officer to the credit of the Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes Trust Fund. If a developer fails to pay the civil penalty, the division shall thereupon issue an order directing that such developer cease and desist from further operation until such time as the civil penalty is paid or may pursue enforcement of the penalty in a court of competent jurisdiction. If an association fails to pay the civil penalty, the division shall thereupon pursue enforcement in a court of competent jurisdiction, and the order imposing the civil penalty or the cease and desist order shall not become effective until 20 days after the date of such order. Any action commenced by the division shall be brought in the county in which the division has its executive offices or in the county where the violation occurred.
(e) The division may prepare and disseminate a prospectus and other information to assist prospective owners, purchasers, lessees, and developers of residential cooperatives in assessing the rights, privileges, and duties pertaining thereto.
(f) The division has authority to adopt rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 to implement and enforce the provisions of this chapter.
(g) The division shall establish procedures for providing notice to an association when the division is considering the issuance of a declaratory statement with respect to the cooperative documents governing such cooperative community.
(h) The division shall furnish each association which pays the fees required by paragraph (2)(a) a copy of this act, subsequent changes to this act on an annual basis, an amended version of this act as it becomes available from the Secretary of State’s office on a biennial basis, and the rules adopted thereto on an annual basis.
(i) The division shall annually provide each association with a summary of declaratory statements and formal legal opinions relating to the operations of cooperatives which were rendered by the division during the previous year.
(j) The division shall adopt uniform accounting principles, policies, and standards to be used by all associations in the preparation and presentation of all financial statements required by this chapter. The principles, policies, and standards shall take into consideration the size of the association and the total revenue collected by the association.
(k) The division shall provide training programs for cooperative association board members and unit owners.
(l) The division shall maintain a toll-free telephone number accessible to cooperative unit owners.
(m) When a complaint is made to the division, the division shall conduct its inquiry with reasonable dispatch and with due regard to the interests of the affected parties. Within 30 days after receipt of a complaint, the division shall acknowledge the complaint in writing and notify the complainant whether the complaint is within the jurisdiction of the division and whether additional information is needed by the division from the complainant. The division shall conduct its investigation and shall, within 90 days after receipt of the original complaint or timely requested additional information, take action upon the complaint. However, the failure to complete the investigation within 90 days does not prevent the division from continuing the investigation, accepting or considering evidence obtained or received after 90 days, or taking administrative action if reasonable cause exists to believe that a violation of this chapter or a rule of the division has occurred. If an investigation is not completed within the time limits established in this paragraph, the division shall, on a monthly basis, notify the complainant in writing of the status of the investigation. When reporting its action to the complainant, the division shall inform the complainant of any right to a hearing pursuant to ss. 120.569 and 120.57.
(n) The division shall develop a program to certify both volunteer and paid mediators to provide mediation of cooperative disputes. The division shall provide, upon request, a list of such mediators to any association, unit owner, or other participant in arbitration proceedings under s. 718.1255 requesting a copy of the list. The division shall include on the list of voluntary mediators only persons who have received at least 20 hours of training in mediation techniques or have mediated at least 20 disputes. In order to become initially certified by the division, paid mediators must be certified by the Supreme Court to mediate court cases in county or circuit courts. However, the division may adopt, by rule, additional factors for the certification of paid mediators, which factors must be related to experience, education, or background. Any person initially certified as a paid mediator by the division must, in order to continue to be certified, comply with the factors or requirements imposed by rules adopted by the division.
(2)(a) Each cooperative association shall pay to the division, on or before January 1 of each year, an annual fee in the amount of $4 for each residential unit in cooperatives operated by the association. If the fee is not paid by March 1, then the association shall be assessed a penalty of 10 percent of the amount due, and the association shall not have the standing to maintain or defend any action in the courts of this state until the amount due is paid.
(b) All fees shall be deposited in the Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes Trust Fund as provided by law.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 4, ch. 78-323; s. 33, ch. 79-4; s. 11, ch. 79-284; s. 6, ch. 81-172; s. 14, ch. 81-185; s. 479, ch. 81-259; s. 35, ch. 83-85; s. 155, ch. 83-216; s. 11, ch. 85-60; s. 32, ch. 86-175; s. 21, ch. 87-102; s. 28, ch. 92-49; s. 238, ch. 94-218; s. 300, ch. 96-410; s. 1776, ch. 97-102; s. 5, ch. 97-301; s. 222, ch. 98-200; s. 1892, ch. 2003-261; s. 57, ch. 2008-240.
719.502 Filing prior to sale or lease.
(1)(a) A developer of a residential cooperative shall file with the division one copy of each of the documents and items required to be furnished to a buyer or lessee by ss. 719.503 and 719.504, if applicable. Until the developer has so filed, a contract for sale or lease of a unit for more than 5 years shall be voidable by the purchaser or lessee prior to the closing of his or her purchase or lease of a unit. A developer shall not close on any contract for sale or contract for a lease period of more than 5 years until the developer prepares and files with the division documents complying with the requirements of this chapter and the rules promulgated by the division and until the division notifies the developer that the filing is proper. A developer shall not close on any contract for sale or contract for a lease period of more than 5 years, as further provided in s. 719.503(1)(b), until the developer prepares and delivers all documents required by s. 719.503(1)(b) to the prospective buyer.
(b) The division may by rule develop filing, review, and examination requirements and the relevant timetables necessary to ensure compliance with the notice and disclosure requirements of this section.
(2)(a) Prior to filing as required by subsection (1), and prior to acquiring an ownership, leasehold, or contractual interest in the land upon which the cooperative is to be developed, a developer shall not offer a contract for purchase or lease of a unit for more than 5 years. However, the developer may accept deposits for reservations upon the approval of a fully executed escrow agreement and reservation agreement form properly filed with the Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes. Each filing of a proposed reservation program shall be accompanied by a filing fee of $250. Reservations shall not be taken on a proposed cooperative unless the developer has an ownership, leasehold, or contractual interest in the land upon which the cooperative is to be developed. The division shall notify the developer within 20 days of receipt of the reservation filing of any deficiencies contained therein. Such notification shall not preclude the determination of reservation filing deficiencies at a later date, nor shall it relieve the developer of any responsibility under the law. The escrow agreement and the reservation agreement form shall include a statement of the right of the prospective purchaser to an immediate unqualified refund of the reservation deposit moneys upon written request to the escrow agent by the prospective purchaser or the developer.
(b) The executed escrow agreement signed by the developer and the escrow agent shall contain the following information:
1. A statement that the escrow agent will grant a prospective purchaser an immediate, unqualified refund of the reservation deposit moneys upon written request either directly to the escrow agent or to the developer.
2. A statement that the escrow agent is responsible for not releasing moneys directly to the developer except as a down payment on the purchase price at the time a contract is signed by the purchaser, if provided for in the contract.
(c) The reservation agreement form shall include the following:
1. A statement of the obligation of the developer to file cooperative documents with the division prior to entering into a binding purchase or lease agreement for more than 5 years.
2. A statement of the right of the prospective purchaser to receive all cooperative documents as required by this chapter.
3. The name and address of the escrow agent.
4. A statement as to whether the developer assures that the purchase price represented in or pursuant to the reservation agreement will be the price in the contract for purchase and sale or that the price represented may be exceeded within a stated amount or percentage or that no assurance is given as to the price in the contract for purchase and sale.
5. A statement that the deposit must be payable to the escrow agent and that the escrow agent must provide a receipt to the prospective purchaser.
(3) Upon filing as required by subsection (1), the developer shall pay to the division a filing fee of $20 for each residential unit to be sold by the developer which is described in the documents filed. If the cooperative is to be built or sold in phases, the fee shall be paid prior to offering for sale units in any subsequent phase. Every developer who holds a unit or units for sale in a cooperative shall submit to the division any amendments to documents or items on file with the division and deliver to purchasers all amendments prior to closing, but in no event later than 10 days after the amendment. Upon filing of amendments to documents currently on file with the division, the developer shall pay to the division a filing fee of up to $100 per filing, with the exact fee to be set by the division rule.
(4) Any developer who complies with this section shall not be required to file with any other division or agency of this state for approval to sell the units in the cooperative, the information for the cooperative for which he or she filed.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 5, ch. 79-284; s. 15, ch. 81-185; s. 12, ch. 85-60; s. 33, ch. 86-175; s. 22, ch. 87-102; s. 29, ch. 92-49; s. 885, ch. 97-102; s. 14, ch. 98-322; s. 58, ch. 2008-240.
719.503 Disclosure prior to sale.
(1) DEVELOPER DISCLOSURE.
(a) Contents of contracts.Any contracts for the sale of a unit or a lease thereof for an unexpired term of more than 5 years shall contain:
1. The following legend in conspicuous type: THIS AGREEMENT IS VOIDABLE BY BUYER BY DELIVERING WRITTEN NOTICE OF THE BUYER’S INTENTION TO CANCEL WITHIN 15 DAYS AFTER THE DATE OF EXECUTION OF THIS AGREEMENT BY THE BUYER, AND RECEIPT BY BUYER OF ALL OF THE ITEMS REQUIRED TO BE DELIVERED TO HIM OR HER BY THE DEVELOPER UNDER SECTION 719.503, FLORIDA STATUTES. THIS AGREEMENT IS ALSO VOIDABLE BY BUYER BY DELIVERING WRITTEN NOTICE OF THE BUYER’S INTENTION TO CANCEL WITHIN 15 DAYS AFTER THE DATE OF RECEIPT FROM THE DEVELOPER OF ANY AMENDMENT WHICH MATERIALLY ALTERS OR MODIFIES THE OFFERING IN A MANNER THAT IS ADVERSE TO THE BUYER. ANY PURPORTED WAIVER OF THESE VOIDABILITY RIGHTS SHALL BE OF NO EFFECT. BUYER MAY EXTEND THE TIME FOR CLOSING FOR A PERIOD OF NOT MORE THAN 15 DAYS AFTER THE BUYER HAS RECEIVED ALL OF THE ITEMS REQUIRED. BUYER’S RIGHT TO VOID THIS AGREEMENT SHALL TERMINATE AT CLOSING. FIGURES CONTAINED IN ANY BUDGET DELIVERED TO THE BUYER PREPARED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE COOPERATIVE ACT ARE ESTIMATES ONLY AND REPRESENT AN APPROXIMATION OF FUTURE EXPENSES BASED ON FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES EXISTING AT THE TIME OF THE PREPARATION OF THE BUDGET BY THE DEVELOPER. ACTUAL COSTS OF SUCH ITEMS MAY EXCEED THE ESTIMATED COSTS. SUCH CHANGES IN COST DO NOT CONSTITUTE MATERIAL ADVERSE CHANGES IN THE OFFERING.
2. The following caveat in conspicuous type shall be placed upon the first page of the contract: ORAL REPRESENTATIONS CANNOT BE RELIED UPON AS CORRECTLY STATING THE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE DEVELOPER. FOR CORRECT REPRESENTATIONS, REFERENCE SHOULD BE MADE TO THIS CONTRACT AND THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED BY SECTION 719.503, FLORIDA STATUTES, TO BE FURNISHED BY A DEVELOPER TO A BUYER OR LESSEE.
3. If the unit has been occupied by someone other than the buyer, a statement that the unit has been occupied.
4. If the contract is for the sale or transfer of a unit subject to a lease, the contract shall include as an exhibit a copy of the executed lease and shall contain within the text in conspicuous type: THE UNIT IS SUBJECT TO A LEASE (OR SUBLEASE).
5. If the contract is for the lease of a unit for a term of 5 years or more, the contract shall include as an exhibit a copy of the proposed lease.
6. If the contract is for the sale or lease of a unit that is subject to a lien for rent payable under a lease of a recreational facility or other common areas, the contract shall contain within the text the following statement in conspicuous type: THIS CONTRACT IS FOR THE TRANSFER OF A UNIT THAT IS SUBJECT TO A LIEN FOR RENT PAYABLE UNDER A LEASE OF COMMON AREAS. FAILURE TO PAY RENT MAY RESULT IN FORECLOSURE OF THE LIEN.
7. The contract shall state the name and address of the escrow agent required by s. 719.202 and shall state that the purchaser may obtain a receipt for his or her deposit from the escrow agent, upon request.
8. If the contract is for the sale or transfer of a unit in a cooperative in which timeshare estates have been or may be created, the following text in conspicuous type: UNITS IN THIS COOPERATIVE ARE SUBJECT TO TIMESHARE ESTATES. The contract for the sale of a timeshare estate must also contain, in conspicuous type, the following: FOR THE PURPOSE OF AD VALOREM TAXES OR SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS LEVIED BY TAXING AUTHORITIES AGAINST A TIMESHARE ESTATE, THE MANAGING ENTITY IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED THE TAXPAYER UNDER FLORIDA LAW. YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHALLENGE AN ASSESSMENT BY A TAXING AUTHORITY RELATING TO YOUR TIMESHARE ESTATE PURSUANT TO THE PROVISIONS OF CHAPTER 194, FLORIDA STATUTES.
(b) Copies of documents to be furnished to prospective buyer or lessee.Until such time as the developer has furnished the documents listed below to a person who has entered into a contract to purchase a unit or lease it for more than 5 years, the contract may be voided by that person, entitling the person to a refund of any deposit together with interest thereon as provided in s. 719.202. The contract may be terminated by written notice from the proposed buyer or lessee delivered to the developer within 15 days after the buyer or lessee receives all of the documents required by this section. The developer shall not close for 15 days following the execution of the agreement and delivery of the documents to the buyer as evidenced by a receipt for documents signed by the buyer unless the buyer is informed in the 15-day voidability period and agrees to close prior to the expiration of the 15 days. The developer shall retain in his or her records a separate signed agreement as proof of the buyer’s agreement to close prior to the expiration of said voidability period. Said proof shall be retained for a period of 5 years after the date of the closing transaction. The documents to be delivered to the prospective buyer are the prospectus or disclosure statement with all exhibits, if the development is subject to the provisions of s. 719.504, or, if not, then copies of the following which are applicable:
1. The question and answer sheet described in s. 719.504, and cooperative documents, or the proposed cooperative documents if the documents have not been recorded, which shall include the certificate of a surveyor approximately representing the locations required by 1s. 719.104.
2. The documents creating the association.
3. The bylaws.
4. The ground lease or other underlying lease of the cooperative.
5. The management contract, maintenance contract, and other contracts for management of the association and operation of the cooperative and facilities used by the unit owners having a service term in excess of 1 year, and any management contracts that are renewable.
6. The estimated operating budget for the cooperative and a schedule of expenses for each type of unit, including fees assessed to a shareholder who has exclusive use of limited common areas, where such costs are shared only by those entitled to use such limited common areas.
7. The lease of recreational and other facilities that will be used only by unit owners of the subject cooperative.
8. The lease of recreational and other common areas that will be used by unit owners in common with unit owners of other cooperatives.
9. The form of unit lease if the offer is of a leasehold.
10. Any declaration of servitude of properties serving the cooperative but not owned by unit owners or leased to them or the association.
11. If the development is to be built in phases or if the association is to manage more than one cooperative, a description of the plan of phase development or the arrangements for the association to manage two or more cooperatives.
12. If the cooperative is a conversion of existing improvements, the statements and disclosure required by s. 719.616.
13. The form of agreement for sale or lease of units.
14. A copy of the floor plan of the unit and the plot plan showing the location of the residential buildings and the recreation and other common areas.
15. A copy of all covenants and restrictions which will affect the use of the property and which are not contained in the foregoing.
16. If the developer is required by state or local authorities to obtain acceptance or approval of any dock or marina facilities intended to serve the cooperative, a copy of any such acceptance or approval acquired by the time of filing with the division pursuant to s. 719.502(1) or a statement that such acceptance or approval has not been acquired or received.
17. Evidence demonstrating that the developer has an ownership, leasehold, or contractual interest in the land upon which the cooperative is to be developed.
(c) Subsequent estimates; when provided.If the closing on a contract occurs more than 12 months after the filing of the offering circular with the division, the developer shall provide a copy of the current estimated operating budget of the association to the buyer at closing, which shall not be considered an amendment that modifies the offering, provided any changes to the association’s budget from the budget given to the buyer at the time of contract signing were the result of matters beyond the developer’s control. Changes in budgets of any master association, recreation association, or club and similar budgets for entities other than the association shall likewise not be considered amendments that modify the offering. It is the intent of this paragraph to clarify existing law.
(2) NONDEVELOPER DISCLOSURE.
(a) Each unit owner who is not a developer as defined by this chapter must comply with the provisions of this subsection prior to the sale of his or her interest in the association. Each prospective purchaser who has entered into a contract for the purchase of an interest in a cooperative is entitled, at the seller’s expense, to a current copy of the articles of incorporation of the association, the bylaws, and rules of the association, as well as a copy of the question and answer sheet as provided in s. 719.504.
(b) If a person licensed under part I of chapter 475 provides to or otherwise obtains for a prospective purchaser the documents described in this subsection, the person is not liable for any error or inaccuracy contained in the documents.
(c) Each contract entered into after July 1, 1992, for the resale of an interest in a cooperative shall contain in conspicuous type either:
1. A clause which states: THE BUYER HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGES THAT BUYER HAS BEEN PROVIDED A CURRENT COPY OF THE ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION OF THE ASSOCIATION, BYLAWS, RULES OF THE ASSOCIATION, AND THE QUESTION AND ANSWER SHEET MORE THAN 3 DAYS, EXCLUDING SATURDAYS, SUNDAYS, AND LEGAL HOLIDAYS, PRIOR TO EXECUTION OF THIS CONTRACT; or
2. A clause which states: THIS AGREEMENT IS VOIDABLE BY BUYER BY DELIVERING WRITTEN NOTICE OF THE BUYER’S INTENTION TO CANCEL WITHIN 3 DAYS, EXCLUDING SATURDAYS, SUNDAYS, AND LEGAL HOLIDAYS, AFTER THE DATE OF EXECUTION OF THIS AGREEMENT BY THE BUYER AND RECEIPT BY BUYER OF A CURRENT COPY OF THE ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION, BYLAWS, AND RULES OF THE ASSOCIATION, AND QUESTION AND ANSWER SHEET, IF SO REQUESTED IN WRITING. ANY PURPORTED WAIVER OF THESE VOIDABILITY RIGHTS SHALL BE OF NO EFFECT. BUYER MAY EXTEND THE TIME FOR CLOSING FOR A PERIOD OF NOT MORE THAN 3 DAYS, EXCLUDING SATURDAYS, SUNDAYS, AND LEGAL HOLIDAYS, AFTER THE BUYER RECEIVES THE ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION, BYLAWS, RULES, AND QUESTION AND ANSWER SHEET, IF REQUESTED IN WRITING. BUYER’S RIGHT TO VOID THIS AGREEMENT SHALL TERMINATE AT CLOSING.

A contract that does not conform to the requirements of this paragraph is voidable at the option of the purchaser prior to closing.

(3) OTHER DISCLOSURE.
(a) If cooperative parcels are offered for sale or lease prior to completion of construction of the units and of improvements to the common areas, or prior to completion of remodeling of previously occupied buildings, the developer shall make available to each prospective purchaser or lessee, for his or her inspection at a place convenient to the site, a copy of the complete plans and specifications for the construction or remodeling of the unit offered to him or her and of the improvements to the common areas appurtenant to the unit.
(b) Sales brochures, if any, shall be provided to each purchaser, and the following caveat in conspicuous type shall be placed on the inside front cover or on the first page containing text material of the sales brochure, or otherwise conspicuously displayed: ORAL REPRESENTATIONS CANNOT BE RELIED UPON AS CORRECTLY STATING REPRESENTATIONS OF THE DEVELOPER. FOR CORRECT REPRESENTATIONS, MAKE REFERENCE TO THIS BROCHURE AND TO THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED BY SECTION 719.503, FLORIDA STATUTES, TO BE FURNISHED BY A DEVELOPER TO A BUYER OR LESSEE. If timeshare estates have been or may be created with respect to any unit in the cooperative, the sales brochure for sales of timeshare estates in such units must contain the following statement in conspicuous type: UNITS IN THIS COOPERATIVE ARE SUBJECT TO TIMESHARE ESTATES.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 12, ch. 79-284; s. 10, ch. 80-3; s. 34, ch. 86-175; s. 30, ch. 92-49; s. 886, ch. 97-102; s. 15, ch. 98-322; s. 6, ch. 2000-302; s. 14, ch. 2007-80.
1Note.The reference is erroneous.
719.504 Prospectus or offering circular.Every developer of a residential cooperative which contains more than 20 residential units, or which is part of a group of residential cooperatives which will be served by property to be used in common by unit owners of more than 20 residential units, shall prepare a prospectus or offering circular and file it with the Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes prior to entering into an enforceable contract of purchase and sale of any unit or lease of a unit for more than 5 years and shall furnish a copy of the prospectus or offering circular to each buyer. In addition to the prospectus or offering circular, each buyer shall be furnished a separate page entitled “Frequently Asked Questions and Answers,” which must be in accordance with a format approved by the division. This page must, in readable language: inform prospective purchasers regarding their voting rights and unit use restrictions, including restrictions on the leasing of a unit; indicate whether and in what amount the unit owners or the association is obligated to pay rent or land use fees for recreational or other commonly used facilities; contain a statement identifying that amount of assessment which, pursuant to the budget, would be levied upon each unit type, exclusive of any special assessments, and which identifies the basis upon which assessments are levied, whether monthly, quarterly, or otherwise; state and identify any court cases in which the association is currently a party of record in which the association may face liability in excess of $100,000; and state whether membership in a recreational facilities association is mandatory and, if so, identify the fees currently charged per unit type. The division shall by rule require such other disclosure as in its judgment will assist prospective purchasers. The prospectus or offering circular may include more than one cooperative, although not all such units are being offered for sale as of the date of the prospectus or offering circular. The prospectus or offering circular must contain the following information:
(1) The front cover or the first page must contain only:
(a) The name of the cooperative.
(b) The following statements in conspicuous type:
1. THIS PROSPECTUS (OFFERING CIRCULAR) CONTAINS IMPORTANT MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED IN ACQUIRING A COOPERATIVE UNIT.
2. THE STATEMENTS CONTAINED HEREIN ARE ONLY SUMMARY IN NATURE. A PROSPECTIVE PURCHASER SHOULD REFER TO ALL REFERENCES, ALL EXHIBITS HERETO, THE CONTRACT DOCUMENTS, AND SALES MATERIALS.
3. ORAL REPRESENTATIONS CANNOT BE RELIED UPON AS CORRECTLY STATING THE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE DEVELOPER. REFER TO THIS PROSPECTUS (OFFERING CIRCULAR) AND ITS EXHIBITS FOR CORRECT REPRESENTATIONS.
(2) Summary: The next page must contain all statements required to be in conspicuous type in the prospectus or offering circular.
(3) A separate index of the contents and exhibits of the prospectus.
(4) Beginning on the first page of the text (not including the summary and index), a description of the cooperative, including, but not limited to, the following information:
(a) Its name and location.
(b) A description of the cooperative property, including, without limitation:
1. The number of buildings, the number of units in each building, the number of bathrooms and bedrooms in each unit, and the total number of units, if the cooperative is not a phase cooperative; or, if the cooperative is a phase cooperative, the maximum number of buildings that may be contained within the cooperative, the minimum and maximum number of units in each building, the minimum and maximum number of bathrooms and bedrooms that may be contained in each unit, and the maximum number of units that may be contained within the cooperative.
2. The page in the cooperative documents where a copy of the survey and plot plan of the cooperative is located.
3. The estimated latest date of completion of constructing, finishing, and equipping. In lieu of a date, a statement that the estimated date of completion of the cooperative is in the purchase agreement and a reference to the article or paragraph containing that information.
(c) The maximum number of units that will use facilities in common with the cooperative. If the maximum number of units will vary, a description of the basis for variation and the minimum amount of dollars per unit to be spent for additional recreational facilities or enlargement of such facilities. If the addition or enlargement of facilities will result in a material increase of a unit owner’s maintenance expense or rental expense, if any, the maximum increase and limitations thereon shall be stated.
(5)(a) A statement in conspicuous type describing whether the cooperative is created and being sold as fee simple interests or as leasehold interests. If the cooperative is created or being sold on a leasehold, the location of the lease in the disclosure materials shall be stated.
(b) If timeshare estates are or may be created with respect to any unit in the cooperative, a statement in conspicuous type stating that timeshare estates are created and being sold in such specified units in the cooperative.
(6) A description of the recreational and other common areas that will be used only by unit owners of the cooperative, including, but not limited to, the following:
(a) Each room and its intended purposes, location, approximate floor area, and capacity in numbers of people.
(b) Each swimming pool, as to its general location, approximate size and depths, approximate deck size and capacity, and whether heated.
(c) Additional facilities, as to the number of each facility, its approximate location, approximate size, and approximate capacity.
(d) A general description of the items of personal property and the approximate number of each item of personal property that the developer is committing to furnish for each room or other facility or, in the alternative, a representation as to the minimum amount of expenditure that will be made to purchase the personal property for the facility.
(e) The estimated date when each room or other facility will be available for use by the unit owners.
(f)1. An identification of each room or other facility to be used by unit owners that will not be owned by the unit owners or the association;
2. A reference to the location in the disclosure materials of the lease or other agreements providing for the use of those facilities; and
3. A description of the terms of the lease or other agreements, including the length of the term; the rent payable, directly or indirectly, by each unit owner, and the total rent payable to the lessor, stated in monthly and annual amounts for the entire term of the lease; and a description of any option to purchase the property leased under any such lease, including the time the option may be exercised, the purchase price or how it is to be determined, the manner of payment, and whether the option may be exercised for a unit owner’s share or only as to the entire leased property.
(g) A statement as to whether the developer may provide additional facilities not described above, their general locations and types, improvements or changes that may be made, the approximate dollar amount to be expended, and the maximum additional common expense or cost to the individual unit owners that may be charged during the first annual period of operation of the modified or added facilities.

Descriptions as to locations, areas, capacities, numbers, volumes, or sizes may be stated as approximations or minimums.

(7) A description of the recreational and other facilities that will be used in common with other cooperatives, community associations, or planned developments which require the payment of the maintenance and expenses of such facilities, directly or indirectly, by the unit owners. The description shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(a) Each building and facility committed to be built.
(b) Facilities not committed to be built except under certain conditions, and a statement of those conditions or contingencies.
(c) As to each facility committed to be built, or which will be committed to be built upon the happening of one of the conditions in paragraph (b), a statement of whether it will be owned by the unit owners having the use thereof or by an association or other entity which will be controlled by them, or others, and the location in the exhibits of the lease or other document providing for use of those facilities.
(d) The year in which each facility will be available for use by the unit owners or, in the alternative, the maximum number of unit owners in the project at the time each of all of the facilities is committed to be completed.
(e) A general description of the items of personal property, and the approximate number of each item of personal property, that the developer is committing to furnish for each room or other facility or, in the alternative, a representation as to the minimum amount of expenditure that will be made to purchase the personal property for the facility.
(f) If there are leases, a description thereof, including the length of the term, the rent payable, and a description of any option to purchase.

Descriptions shall include location, areas, capacities, numbers, volumes, or sizes and may be stated as approximations or minimums.

(8) Recreation lease or associated club membership:
(a) If any recreational facilities or other common areas offered by the developer and available to, or to be used by, unit owners are to be leased or have club membership associated, the following statement in conspicuous type shall be included: THERE IS A RECREATIONAL FACILITIES LEASE ASSOCIATED WITH THIS COOPERATIVE; or, THERE IS A CLUB MEMBERSHIP ASSOCIATED WITH THIS COOPERATIVE. There shall be a reference to the location in the disclosure materials where the recreation lease or club membership is described in detail.
(b) If it is mandatory that unit owners pay a fee, rent, dues, or other charges under a recreational facilities lease or club membership for the use of facilities, there shall be in conspicuous type the applicable statement:
1. MEMBERSHIP IN THE RECREATIONAL FACILITIES CLUB IS MANDATORY FOR UNIT OWNERS; or
2. UNIT OWNERS ARE REQUIRED, AS A CONDITION OF OWNERSHIP, TO BE LESSEES UNDER THE RECREATIONAL FACILITIES LEASE; or
3. UNIT OWNERS ARE REQUIRED TO PAY THEIR SHARE OF THE COSTS AND EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE, MANAGEMENT, UPKEEP, REPLACEMENT, RENT, AND FEES UNDER THE RECREATIONAL FACILITIES LEASE (OR THE OTHER INSTRUMENTS PROVIDING THE FACILITIES); or
4. A similar statement of the nature of the organization or manner in which the use rights are created, and that unit owners are required to pay.

Immediately following the applicable statement, the location in the disclosure materials where the development is described in detail shall be stated.

(c) If the developer, or any other person other than the unit owners and other persons having use rights in the facilities, reserves, or is entitled to receive, any rent, fee, or other payment for the use of the facilities, then there shall be the following statement in conspicuous type: THE UNIT OWNERS OR THE ASSOCIATION(S) MUST PAY RENT OR LAND USE FEES FOR RECREATIONAL OR OTHER COMMON AREAS. Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials where the rent or land use fees are described in detail shall be stated.
(d) If, in any recreation format, whether leasehold, club, or other, any person other than the association has the right to a lien on the units to secure the payment of assessments, rent, or other exactions, there shall appear a statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form:
1. THERE IS A LIEN OR LIEN RIGHT AGAINST EACH UNIT TO SECURE THE PAYMENT OF RENT AND OTHER EXACTIONS UNDER THE RECREATION LEASE. THE UNIT OWNER’S FAILURE TO MAKE THESE PAYMENTS MAY RESULT IN FORECLOSURE OF THE LIEN; or
2. THERE IS A LIEN OR LIEN RIGHT AGAINST EACH UNIT TO SECURE THE PAYMENT OF ASSESSMENTS OR OTHER EXACTIONS COMING DUE FOR THE USE, MAINTENANCE, UPKEEP, OR REPAIR OF THE RECREATIONAL OR COMMONLY USED AREAS. THE UNIT OWNER’S FAILURE TO MAKE THESE PAYMENTS MAY RESULT IN FORECLOSURE OF THE LIEN.

Immediately following the applicable statement, the location in the disclosure materials where the lien or lien right is described in detail shall be stated.

(9) If the developer or any other person has the right to increase or add to the recreational facilities at any time after the establishment of the cooperative whose unit owners have use rights therein, without the consent of the unit owners or associations being required, there shall appear a statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form: RECREATIONAL FACILITIES MAY BE EXPANDED OR ADDED WITHOUT CONSENT OF UNIT OWNERS OR THE ASSOCIATION(S). Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials where such reserved rights are described shall be stated.
(10) A statement of whether the developer’s plan includes a program of leasing units rather than selling them, or leasing units and selling them subject to such leases. If so, there shall be a description of the plan, including the number and identification of the units and the provisions and term of the proposed leases, and a statement in boldfaced type that: THE UNITS MAY BE TRANSFERRED SUBJECT TO A LEASE.
(11) The arrangements for management of the association and maintenance and operation of the cooperative property and of other property that will serve the unit owners of the cooperative property, and a description of the management contract and all other contracts for these purposes having a term in excess of 1 year, including the following:
(a) The names of contracting parties.
(b) The term of the contract.
(c) The nature of the services included.
(d) The compensation, stated on a monthly and annual basis, and provisions for increases in the compensation.
(e) A reference to the volumes and pages of the cooperative documents and of the exhibits containing copies of such contracts.

Copies of all described contracts shall be attached as exhibits. If there is a contract for the management of the cooperative property, then a statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form shall appear, identifying the proposed or existing contract manager: THERE IS (IS TO BE) A CONTRACT FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THE COOPERATIVE PROPERTY WITH (NAME OF THE CONTRACT MANAGER). Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials of the contract for management of the cooperative property shall be stated.

(12) If the developer or any other person or persons other than the unit owners has the right to retain control of the board of administration of the association for a period of time which can exceed 1 year after the closing of the sale of a majority of the units in that cooperative to persons other than successors or alternate developers, then a statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form shall be included: THE DEVELOPER (OR OTHER PERSON) HAS THE RIGHT TO RETAIN CONTROL OF THE ASSOCIATION AFTER A MAJORITY OF THE UNITS HAVE BEEN SOLD. Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials where this right to control is described in detail shall be stated.
(13) If there are any restrictions upon the sale, transfer, conveyance, or leasing of a unit, then a statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form shall be included: THE SALE, LEASE, OR TRANSFER OF UNITS IS RESTRICTED OR CONTROLLED. Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials where the restriction, limitation, or control on the sale, lease, or transfer of units is described in detail shall be stated.
(14) If the cooperative is part of a phase project, the following shall be stated:
(a) A statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form shall be included: THIS IS A PHASE COOPERATIVE. ADDITIONAL LAND AND UNITS MAY BE ADDED TO THIS COOPERATIVE. Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials where the phasing is described shall be stated.
(b) A summary of the provisions of the declaration providing for the phasing.
(c) A statement as to whether or not residential buildings and units which are added to the cooperative may be substantially different from the residential buildings and units originally in the cooperative, and, if the added residential buildings and units may be substantially different, there shall be a general description of the extent to which such added residential buildings and units may differ, and a statement in conspicuous type in substantially the following form shall be included: BUILDINGS AND UNITS WHICH ARE ADDED TO THE COOPERATIVE MAY BE SUBSTANTIALLY DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHER BUILDINGS AND UNITS IN THE COOPERATIVE. Immediately following this statement, the location in the disclosure materials where the extent to which added residential buildings and units may substantially differ is described shall be stated.
(d) A statement of the maximum number of buildings containing units, the maximum and minimum number of units in each building, the maximum number of units, and the minimum and maximum square footage of the units that may be contained within each parcel of land which may be added to the cooperative.
(15) If the cooperative is created by conversion of existing improvements, the following information shall be stated:
(a) The information required by s. 719.616.
(b) A caveat that there are no express warranties unless they are stated in writing by the developer.
(16) A summary of the restrictions, if any, to be imposed on units concerning the use of any of the cooperative property, including statements as to whether there are restrictions upon children and pets, and reference to the volumes and pages of the cooperative documents where such restrictions are found, or if such restrictions are contained elsewhere, then a copy of the documents containing the restrictions shall be attached as an exhibit.
(17) If there is any land that is offered by the developer for use by the unit owners and that is neither owned by them nor leased to them, the association, or any entity controlled by unit owners and other persons having the use rights to such land, a statement shall be made as to how such land will serve the cooperative. If any part of such land will serve the cooperative, the statement shall describe the land and the nature and term of service, and the cooperative documents or other instrument creating such servitude shall be included as an exhibit.
(18) The manner in which utility and other services, including, but not limited to, sewage and waste disposal, water supply, and storm drainage, will be provided and the person or entity furnishing them.
(19) An explanation of the manner in which the apportionment of common expenses and ownership of the common areas have been determined.
(20) An estimated operating budget for the cooperative and the association, and a schedule of the unit owner’s expenses shall be attached as an exhibit and shall contain the following information:
(a) The estimated monthly and annual expenses of the cooperative and the association that are collected from unit owners by assessments.
(b) The estimated monthly and annual expenses of each unit owner for a unit, other than assessments payable to the association, payable by the unit owner to persons or entities other than the association, and the total estimated monthly and annual expense. There may be excluded from this estimate expenses that are personal to unit owners, which are not uniformly incurred by all unit owners, or which are not provided for or contemplated by the cooperative documents, including, but not limited to, the costs of private telephone; maintenance of the interior of cooperative units, which is not the obligation of the association; maid or janitorial services privately contracted for by the unit owners; utility bills billed directly to each unit owner for utility services to his or her unit; insurance premiums other than those incurred for policies obtained by the cooperative; and similar personal expenses of the unit owner. A unit owner’s estimated payments for assessments shall also be stated in the estimated amounts for the times when they will be due.
(c) The estimated items of expenses of the cooperative and the association, except as excluded under paragraph (b), including, but not limited to, the following items, which shall be stated as an association expense collectible by assessments or as unit owners’ expenses payable to persons other than the association:
1. Expenses for the association and cooperative:
a. Administration of the association.
b. Management fees.
c. Maintenance.
d. Rent for recreational and other commonly used areas.
e. Taxes upon association property.
f. Taxes upon leased areas.
g. Insurance.
h. Security provisions.
i. Other expenses.
j. Operating capital.
k. Reserves.
l. Fee payable to the division.
2. Expenses for a unit owner:
a. Rent for the unit, if subject to a lease.
b. Rent payable by the unit owner directly to the lessor or agent under any recreational lease or lease for the use of commonly used areas, which use and payment are a mandatory condition of ownership and are not included in the common expense or assessments for common maintenance paid by the unit owners to the association.
(d) The following statement in conspicuous type: THE BUDGET CONTAINED IN THIS OFFERING CIRCULAR HAS BEEN PREPARED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE COOPERATIVE ACT AND IS A GOOD FAITH ESTIMATE ONLY AND REPRESENTS AN APPROXIMATION OF FUTURE EXPENSES BASED ON FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES EXISTING AT THE TIME OF ITS PREPARATION. ACTUAL COSTS OF SUCH ITEMS MAY EXCEED THE ESTIMATED COSTS. SUCH CHANGES IN COST DO NOT CONSTITUTE MATERIAL ADVERSE CHANGES IN THE OFFERING.
(e) Each budget for an association prepared by a developer consistent with this subsection shall be prepared in good faith and shall reflect accurate estimated amounts for the required items in paragraph (c) at the time of the filing of the offering circular with the division, and subsequent increased amounts of any item included in the association’s estimated budget that are beyond the control of the developer shall not be considered an amendment that would give rise to rescission rights set forth in s. 719.503(1)(a) or (b), nor shall such increases modify, void, or otherwise affect any guarantee of the developer contained in the offering circular or any purchase contract. It is the intent of this paragraph to clarify existing law.
(f) The estimated amounts shall be stated for a period of at least 12 months and may distinguish between the period prior to the time unit owners other than the developer elect a majority of the board of administration and the period after that date.
(21) A schedule of estimated closing expenses to be paid by a buyer or lessee of a unit and a statement of whether title opinion or title insurance policy is available to the buyer and, if so, at whose expense.
(22) The identity of the developer and the chief operating officer or principal directing the creation and sale of the cooperative and a statement of its and his or her experience in this field.
(23) Copies of the following, to the extent they are applicable, shall be included as exhibits:
(a) The cooperative documents, or the proposed cooperative documents if the documents have not been recorded.
(b) The articles of incorporation creating the association.
(c) The bylaws of the association.
(d) The ground lease or other underlying lease of the cooperative.
(e) The management agreement and all maintenance and other contracts for management of the association and operation of the cooperative and facilities used by the unit owners having a service term in excess of 1 year.
(f) The estimated operating budget for the cooperative and the required schedule of unit owners’ expenses.
(g) A copy of the floor plan of the unit and the plot plan showing the location of the residential buildings and the recreation and other common areas.
(h) The lease of recreational and other facilities that will be used only by unit owners of the subject cooperative.
(i) The lease of facilities used by owners and others.
(j) The form of unit lease, if the offer is of a leasehold.
(k) A declaration of servitude of properties serving the cooperative but not owned by unit owners or leased to them or the association.
(l) The statement of condition of the existing building or buildings, if the offering is of units in an operation being converted to cooperative ownership.
(m) The statement of inspection for termite damage and treatment of the existing improvements, if the cooperative is a conversion.
(n) The form of agreement for sale or lease of units.
(o) A copy of the agreement for escrow of payments made to the developer prior to closing.
(p) A copy of the documents containing any restrictions on use of the property required by subsection (16).
(24) Any prospectus or offering circular complying with the provisions of former ss. 711.69 and 711.802 may continue to be used without amendment, or may be amended to comply with this chapter.
(25) A brief narrative description of the location and effect of all existing and intended easements located or to be located on the cooperative property other than those in the declaration.
(26) If the developer is required by state or local authorities to obtain acceptance or approval of any dock or marina facility intended to serve the cooperative, a copy of such acceptance or approval acquired by the time of filing with the division pursuant to s. 719.502 or a statement that such acceptance has not been acquired or received.
(27) Evidence demonstrating that the developer has an ownership, leasehold, or contractual interest in the land upon which the cooperative is to be developed.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 13, ch. 79-284; s. 11, ch. 80-3; s. 13, ch. 85-60; s. 35, ch. 86-175; s. 31, ch. 92-49; s. 60, ch. 95-211; s. 887, ch. 97-102; s. 7, ch. 2000-302; s. 15, ch. 2007-80; s. 59, ch. 2008-240.
719.505 Good faith effort to comply.If a developer, in good faith, has attempted to comply with the requirements of this part, and if, in fact, he or she has substantially complied with the disclosure requirements of this chapter, nonmaterial errors or omissions in the disclosure materials shall not be actionable.
History.s. 1, ch. 76-222; s. 888, ch. 97-102.
719.506 Publication of false and misleading information.
(1) Any person who, in reasonable reliance upon any material statement or information that is false or misleading and published by or under authority from the developer in advertising and promotional materials, including, but not limited to, a prospectus, the items required as exhibits to a prospectus, brochures, and newspaper advertising, pays anything of value toward the lease of a cooperative parcel located in this state shall have a cause of action to rescind the contract or collect damages from the developer for his or her loss prior to the closing of the transaction. After the closing of the transaction, the lessee shall have a cause of action against the developer for damages under this section from the time of closing until 1 year after the date upon which the last of the events described in paragraphs (a)-(d) shall occur:
(a) The closing of the transaction;
(b) The first issuance by the applicable governmental authority of a certificate of occupancy or other evidence of sufficient completion of construction of the building containing the unit to allow lawful occupancy of the unit. In counties or municipalities in which certificates of occupancy or other evidences of completion sufficient to allow lawful occupancy are not customarily issued, for the purpose of this section evidence of lawful occupancy shall be deemed to be given or issued upon the date that such lawful occupancy of the unit may first be allowed under prevailing applicable laws, ordinances, or statutes;
(c) The completion by the developer of the common areas and such recreational facilities, whether or not the same are common areas, which the developer is obligated to complete or provide under the terms of the written contract or written agreement for purchase or lease of the unit; or
(d) In the event there shall not be a written contract or agreement for sale or lease of the unit, then the completion by the developer of the common areas and such recreational facilities, whether or not the same are common areas, which the developer would be obligated to complete under any rule of law applicable to the developer’s obligation.

Under no circumstances shall a cause of action created or recognized under this section survive for a period of more than 5 years after the closing of the transaction.

(2) In any action for relief under this section or under s. 719.503, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorney’s fees.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 36, ch. 86-175; s. 889, ch. 97-102.
719.507 Zoning and building laws, ordinances, and regulations.All laws, ordinances, and regulations concerning buildings or zoning shall be construed and applied with reference to the nature and use of such property, without regard to the form of ownership. No law, ordinance, or regulation shall establish any requirement concerning the use, location, placement, or construction of buildings or other improvements which are, or may thereafter be, subjected to the cooperative or equity facilities club form of ownership, unless such requirement shall be equally applicable to all buildings and improvements of the same kind not then, or thereafter to be, subjected to the cooperative or equity facilities club form of ownership. This section does not apply if the owner in fee of any land enters into and records a covenant that existing improvements or improvements to be constructed shall not be converted to the cooperative form of residential ownership prior to 5 years after the later of the date of the covenant or completion date of the improvements. Such covenant shall be entered into with the governing body of the municipality in which the land is located or, if the land is not located in a municipality, with the governing body of the county in which the land is located.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 12, ch. 80-3; s. 7, ch. 2007-173.
719.508 Regulation by Division of Hotels and Restaurants.In addition to the authority, regulation, or control exercised by the Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes pursuant to this act with respect to cooperatives, buildings included in a cooperative property shall be subject to the authority, regulation, or control of the Division of Hotels and Restaurants of the Department of Business and Professional Regulation, to the extent provided in chapters 399 and 509.
History.s. 2, ch. 76-222; s. 14, ch. 85-60; s. 239, ch. 94-218; s. 60, ch. 2008-240.
CONVERSIONS TO COOPERATIVE
719.604 Short title.
719.606 Conversion of existing improvements to cooperative; rental agreements.
719.608 Notice of intended conversion; time of delivery; content.
719.61 Notices.
719.612 Right of first refusal.
719.614 Economic information to be provided.
719.616 Disclosure of condition of building and estimated replacement costs.
719.618 Converter reserve accounts; warranties.
719.62 Prohibition of discrimination against nonpurchasing tenants.
719.621 Rulemaking authority.
719.622 Saving clause.
719.604 Short title.This part shall be known and may be cited as the “Roth Cooperative Conversion Act” in memory of Mr. James S. Roth, Director, Division of Florida Land Sales and Condominiums, 1979-1980.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3.
719.606 Conversion of existing improvements to cooperative; rental agreements.When existing improvements are converted to ownership as a residential cooperative:
(1)(a) Each residential tenant who has resided in the existing improvements for at least the 180 days preceding the date of the written notice of intended conversion shall have the right to extend an expiring rental agreement upon the same terms for a period that will expire no later than 270 days after the date of the notice. If the rental agreement expires more than 270 days after the date of the notice, the tenant may not unilaterally extend the rental agreement.
(b) Each other residential tenant shall have the right to extend an expiring rental agreement upon the same terms for a period that will expire no later than 180 days after the date of the written notice of intended conversion. If the rental agreement expires more than 180 days after the date of the notice, the tenant may not unilaterally extend the rental agreement.
(2)(a) In order to extend the rental agreement as provided in subsection (1), a tenant shall, within 45 days after the date of the written notice of intended conversion, give written notice to the developer of the intention to extend the rental agreement.
(b) If the rental agreement will expire within 45 days following the date of the notice, the tenant may remain in occupancy for the 45-day decision period upon the same terms by giving the developer written notice and paying rent on a pro rata basis from the expiration date of the rental agreement to the end of the 45-day period.
(c) The tenant may extend the rental agreement for the full extension period or a part of the period.
(3) After the date of a notice of intended conversion, a tenant may terminate any rental agreement, or any extension period having an unexpired term of 180 days or less, upon 30 days’ written notice to the developer. However, unless the rental agreement was entered into, extended, or renewed after the effective date of this part, the tenant may not unilaterally terminate the rental agreement but may unilaterally terminate any extension period having an unexpired term of 180 days or less upon 30 days’ written notice.
(4) A developer may elect to provide tenants who have been continuous residents of the existing improvements for at least 180 days preceding the date of the written notice of intended conversion and whose rental agreements expire within 180 days of the date of the written notice of intended conversion, the option of receiving in cash a tenant relocation payment at least equal to 1 month’s rent in consideration for extending the rental agreement for not more than 180 days, rather than extending the rental agreement for up to 270 days.
(5) A rental agreement may provide for termination by the developer upon 60 days’ written notice if the rental agreement is entered into subsequent to the delivery of the written notice of intended conversion to all tenants and conspicuously states that the existing improvements are to be converted. No other provision in a rental agreement shall be enforceable to the extent that it purports to reduce the extension period provided by this section or otherwise would permit a developer to terminate a rental agreement in the event of a conversion. This subsection applies to rental agreements entered into, extended, or renewed after the effective date of this part; the termination provisions of all other rental agreements are governed by the provisions of s. 719.402(3), Florida Statutes 1979.
(6) Any provision of this section or of the rental agreement or other contract or agreement to the contrary notwithstanding, whenever a county, including a charter county, determines that there exists within the county a vacancy rate in rental housing of 3 percent or less, the county may adopt an ordinance or other measure extending the 270-day extension period described in paragraph (1)(a) and the 180-day extension described in paragraph (1)(b) for an additional 90 days, if:
(a) Such measure was duly adopted, after notice and public hearing, in accordance with all applicable provisions of the charter governing the county and any other applicable laws; and
(b) The governing body has made and recited in such measure its findings establishing the existence in fact of a housing emergency so grave as to constitute a serious menace to the general public and that such controls are necessary and proper to eliminate such grave housing emergency.

A county ordinance or other measure adopting an additional 90-day extension under the provisions of this section is controlling throughout the entire county, including a charter county, where adopted, including all municipalities, unless a municipality votes not to have it apply within its boundaries.

History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 37, ch. 86-175.
719.608 Notice of intended conversion; time of delivery; content.
(1) Prior to or simultaneous with the first offering of individual units to any person, each developer shall deliver a notice of intended conversion to all tenants of the existing improvements being converted to residential cooperative. All such notices shall be given within a 72-hour period.
(2)(a) Each notice of intended conversion shall be dated and in writing. The notice shall contain the following statement, with the phrases of the following statement which appear in upper case printed in conspicuous type:

These apartments are being converted to cooperative by   (name of developer)  , the developer.

1. YOU MAY REMAIN AS A RESIDENT UNTIL THE EXPIRATION OF YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT. FURTHER, YOU MAY EXTEND YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT AS FOLLOWS:
a. If you have continuously been a resident of these apartments during the last 180 days and your rental agreement expires during the next 270 days, you may extend your rental agreement for up to 270 days after the date of this notice.
b. If you have not been a continuous resident of these apartments for the last 180 days and your rental agreement expires during the next 180 days, you may extend your rental agreement for up to 180 days after the date of this notice.
c. IN ORDER FOR YOU TO EXTEND YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT, YOU MUST GIVE THE DEVELOPER WRITTEN NOTICE WITHIN 45 DAYS AFTER THE DATE OF THIS NOTICE.
2. IF YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT EXPIRES IN THE NEXT 45 DAYS, you may extend your rental agreement for up to 45 days after the date of this notice while you decide whether to extend your rental agreement as explained above. To do so, you must notify the developer in writing. You will then have the full 45 days to decide whether to extend your rental agreement as explained above.
3. During the extension of your rental agreement you will be charged the same rent that you are now paying.
4. YOU MAY CANCEL YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT AND ANY EXTENSION OF THE RENTAL AGREEMENT AS FOLLOWS:
a. If your rental agreement began or was extended or renewed after May 1, 1980, and your rental agreement, including extensions and renewals, has an unexpired term of 180 days or less, you may cancel your rental agreement upon 30 days’ written notice and move. Also, upon 30 days’ written notice, you may cancel any extension of the rental agreement.
b. If your rental agreement was not begun or was not extended or renewed after May 1, 1980, you may not cancel the rental agreement without the consent of the developer. If your rental agreement, including extensions and renewals, has an unexpired term of 180 days or less, you may, however, upon 30 days’ written notice cancel any extension of the rental agreement.
5. All notices must be given in writing and sent by mail, return receipt requested, or delivered in person to the developer at this address:   (name and address of developer)  .
6. If you have continuously been a resident of these apartments during the last 180 days:
a. You have the right to purchase your apartment and will have 45 days to decide whether to purchase. If you do not buy the unit at that price and the unit is later offered at a lower price, you will have the opportunity to buy the unit at the lower price. However, in all events your right to purchase the unit ends when the rental agreement or any extension of the rental agreement ends or when you waive this right in writing.
b. Within 90 days you will be provided purchase information relating to your apartment, including the price of your unit and the condition of the building. If you do not receive this information within 90 days, your rental agreement and any extension will be extended 1 day for each day over 90 days until you are given the purchase information. If you do not want this rental agreement extension, you must notify the developer in writing.
7. If you have any questions regarding this conversion or the Cooperative Act, you may contact the developer or the state agency which regulates cooperatives: The Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes,   (Tallahassee address and telephone number of division)  .
(b) When a developer offers tenants an optional tenant relocation payment pursuant to s. 719.606(4), the notice of intended conversion shall contain a statement substantially as follows:

If you have been a continuous resident of these apartments for the last 180 days and your lease expires during the next 180 days, you may extend your rental agreement for up to 270 days, or you may extend your rental agreement for up to 180 days and receive a cash payment at least equal to 1 month’s rent. You must make your decision and inform the developer in writing within 45 days after the date of this notice.

(c) When the rental agreement extension provisions of s. 719.606(6) are applicable to a conversion, subparagraphs 1.a. and b. of the notice of intended conversion shall read as follows:
1. YOU MAY REMAIN AS A RESIDENT UNTIL THE EXPIRATION OF YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT. FURTHER, YOU MAY EXTEND YOUR RENTAL AGREEMENT AS FOLLOWS:
a. If you have continuously been a resident of these apartments during the last 180 days and your rental agreement expires during the next 360 days, you may extend your rental agreement for up to 360 days after the date of this notice.
b. If you have not been a continuous resident of these apartments for the last 180 days and your rental agreement expires during the next 270 days, you may extend your rental agreement for up to 270 days after the date of this notice.
(3) Notice of intended conversion may not be waived by a tenant unless the tenant’s lease conspicuously states that the building is to be converted and the other tenants residing in the building have previously received a notice of intended conversion.
(4) Upon the request of a developer and payment of a fee prescribed by the rules of the division not to exceed $50, the division may verify to a developer that a notice complies with this section.
(5) Prior to delivering a notice of intended conversion to tenants of existing improvements being converted to a residential cooperative, each developer shall file with the division a copy of the notice of intended conversion. Upon filing, each developer shall pay to the division a filing fee of $100.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 15, ch. 85-60; s. 38, ch. 86-175; s. 32, ch. 92-49; s. 61, ch. 2008-240.
719.61 Notices.
(1) All notices from tenants to a developer shall be deemed given when deposited in the United States mail, addressed to the developer’s address as stated in the notice of conversion, and sent postage prepaid, return receipt requested, or when personally delivered in writing by the tenant to the developer at such address. The date of a notice is the date when it is mailed or personally delivered by the tenant.
(2) All notices from developers to tenants shall be deemed given when deposited in the United States mail, addressed to the tenant’s last known residence, which may be the address of the property subject to the rental agreement, and sent by certified or registered mail, postage prepaid. The date of a notice is the date when it is mailed to the tenant.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 39, ch. 86-175.
719.612 Right of first refusal.
(1) Each tenant, who for the 180 days preceding a notice of intended conversion has been a residential tenant of the existing improvements, shall have the right of first refusal to purchase the unit in which he or she resides on the date of the notice, under the following terms and conditions:
(a) Within 90 days following the written notice of the intended conversion, the developer shall deliver to the tenant the following purchase materials: an offer to sell stating the price and terms of purchase, the economic information required by s. 719.614, and the disclosure documents required by ss. 719.503 and 719.504. Failure by the developer to deliver such purchase materials within 90 days following the written notice of the intended conversion shall automatically extend the rental agreement, any extension of the rental agreement provided for in s. 719.606, or any other extension of the rental agreement. The extension shall be for that number of days in excess of 90 days that has elapsed from the date of the written notice of the intended conversion to the date when the purchase materials are delivered.
(b) The tenant shall have the right of first refusal to purchase the unit for a period of not less than 45 days after mailing or personal delivery of the purchase materials.
(c) If, after any right of first refusal has expired, the developer offers the unit at a price lower than that offered to the tenant, the developer shall in writing notify the tenant prior to the publication of the offer. The tenant shall have the right of first refusal at the lower price for a period of not less than an additional 10 days after the date of the notice. Thereafter, the tenant shall have no additional right of first refusal. As used in this paragraph, “offer” includes any solicitation to the general public by means of newspaper advertisement, radio, television, or written or printed sales literature or price list but shall not include a transaction involving the sale of more than one unit to one purchaser.
(2) Prior to closing on the sale of the unit, a tenant alleging a developer’s violation of paragraph (1)(c) may bring an action for equitable or other relief, including specific performance. Subsequent to closing, the tenant’s sole remedy for such a violation shall be damages. In addition to any damages otherwise recoverable by law, the tenant shall be entitled to an amount equal to the difference between the price last offered in writing to the tenant pursuant to this section and the price at which the unit was sold to a third party, plus court costs and attorney’s fees.
(3) It is against the public policy of this state for any developer to seek to enforce any provision of any contract which purports to waive the right of a purchasing tenant to bring an action for specific performance.
(4) A tenant’s right of first refusal terminates upon:
(a) The termination of the rental agreement and all extensions thereof; or
(b) Waiver of the right in writing by the tenant, if the waiver is executed subsequent to the date of the notice of intended conversion. A tenant who waives the right of first refusal waives the right to receive the purchase materials; or
(c) The running of the tenant’s 45-day right of first refusal and the additional 10-day period provided for by paragraph (1)(c), if applicable.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 480, ch. 81-259; s. 40, ch. 86-175; s. 890, ch. 97-102.
719.614 Economic information to be provided.The developer shall distribute to tenants having a right of first refusal, if any:
(1) Information in summary form regarding mortgage financing; estimated down payment; alternative financing and down payments; monthly payments of principal, interest, and real estate taxes; and federal income tax benefits.
(2) Any other information which the division publishes and by rule determines will assist tenants in making a decision and which the division makes available to the developer.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 16, ch. 85-60; s. 19, ch. 94-350.
719.616 Disclosure of condition of building and estimated replacement costs.
(1) Each developer of a residential cooperative created by converting existing, previously occupied improvements to such form of ownership shall disclose the condition of the improvements and the condition of certain components and their current estimated replacement costs.
(2) The following information shall be stated concerning the improvements:
(a) The date and type of construction.
(b) The prior use.
(c) Whether there is termite damage or infestation and whether the termite damage or infestation, if any, has been properly treated. The statement shall be substantiated by including, as an exhibit, an inspection report by a certified pest control operator.
(3)(a) Disclosure of condition shall be made for each of the following components that the existing improvements may include:
1. Roof.
2. Structure.
3. Fireproofing and fire protection systems.
4. Elevators.
5. Heating and cooling systems.
6. Plumbing.
7. Electrical systems.
8. Swimming pool.
9. Seawalls.
10. Pavement and parking areas.
11. Drainage systems.
(b) For each component, the following information shall be disclosed and substantiated by attaching a copy of a certificate under seal of an architect or engineer authorized to practice in this state:
1. The age of the component.
2. The estimated remaining useful life of the component.
3. The estimated current replacement cost of the component, expressed:
a. As a total amount, and
b. As a per unit amount, based upon each unit’s proportional share of the common expenses.
4. The structural and functional soundness of the component.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 41, ch. 86-175; s. 20, ch. 94-350.
719.618 Converter reserve accounts; warranties.
(1) When existing improvements are converted to ownership as a residential cooperative, the developer shall establish reserve accounts for capital expenditures and deferred maintenance, or give warranties as provided by subsection (6), or post a surety bond as provided by subsection (7). The developer shall fund the reserve accounts in amounts calculated as follows:
(a)1. When the existing improvements include an air-conditioning system serving more than one unit or property which the association is responsible to repair, maintain, or replace, the developer shall fund an air-conditioning reserve account. The amount of the reserve account shall be the product of the estimated current replacement cost of the system, as disclosed and substantiated pursuant to s. 719.616(3)(b), multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the lesser of the age of the system in years or 9, and the denominator of which shall be 10. When such air-conditioning system is within 1,000 yards of the seacoast, the numerator shall be the lesser of the age of the system in years or 3, and the denominator shall be 4.
2. The developer shall fund a plumbing reserve account. The amount of the funding shall be the product of the estimated current replacement cost of the plumbing component, as disclosed and substantiated pursuant to s. 719.616(3)(b), multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the lesser of the age of the plumbing in years or 36, and the denominator of which shall be 40.
3. The developer shall fund a roof reserve account. The amount of the funding shall be the product of the estimated current replacement cost of the roofing component, as disclosed and substantiated pursuant to s. 719.616(3)(b), multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the lesser of the age of the roof in years or the numerator listed in the following table. The denominator of the fraction shall be determined based on the roof type, as follows:
 Roof TypeNumeratorDenominator
a.Built-up roof without insulation45
b.Built-up roof with insulation45
c.Cement tile roof4550
d.Asphalt shingle roof1415
e.Copper roof  
f.Wood shingle roof910
g.All other types1820
(b) The age of any component or structure for which the developer is required to fund a reserve account shall be measured in years from the later of:
1. The date when the component or structure was replaced or substantially renewed, if the replacement or renewal of the component at least met the requirements of the then-applicable building code; or
2. The date when the installation or construction of the existing component or structure was completed.
(c) When the age of a component or structure is to be measured from the date of replacement or renewal, the developer shall provide the division with a certificate, under the seal of an architect or engineer authorized to practice in this state, verifying:
1. The date of the replacement or renewal; and
2. That the replacement or renewal at least met the requirements of the then-applicable building code.
(2)(a) The developer shall fund the reserve account required by subsection (1) on a pro rata basis upon the sale of each unit. The developer shall deposit in the reserve account not less than a percentage of the total amount to be deposited in the reserve account equal to the percentage of ownership of the common elements allocable to the unit sold. When a developer deposits amounts in excess of the minimum reserve account funding, later deposits may be reduced to the extent of the excess funding. For the purposes of this subsection, a unit is considered sold when a fee interest in the unit is transferred to a third party or the unit is leased for a period in excess of 5 years.
(b) When an association makes an expenditure of reserve account funds before the developer has sold all units, the developer shall make a deposit in the reserve account. Such deposit shall be at least equal to that portion of the expenditure which would be charged against the reserve account deposit that would have been made for any such unit had the unit been sold. Such deposit may be reduced to the extent the developer has funded the reserve account in excess of the minimum reserve account funding required by this subsection. This paragraph applies only when the developer has funded reserve accounts as provided by paragraph (a).
(3) The use of reserve account funds is limited as follows:
(a) Reserve account funds may be spent prior to the assumption of control of the association by unit owners other than the developer; and
(b) Reserve account funds may be expended only for repair or replacement of the specific components for which the funds were deposited, unless, after assumption of control of the association by unit owners other than the developer, a determination is made by a three-fourths vote of all unit owners to expend the funds for other purposes.
(4) The developer shall establish the reserve account in the name of the association at a bank, savings and loan association, or trust company located in this state.
(5) A developer may establish and fund additional reserve accounts.
(6) A developer makes no implied warranties when existing improvements are converted to ownership as a residential cooperative and reserve accounts are funded in accordance with this section. As an alternative to establishing such reserve accounts, or when a developer fails to establish the reserve accounts in accordance with this section, the developer shall be deemed to have granted to the purchaser of each unit an implied warranty of fitness and merchantability for the purposes or uses intended as to the roof and structural components of the improvements; as to fireproofing and fire protection systems; and as to mechanical, electrical, and plumbing elements serving the improvements, except mechanical elements serving only one unit. The warranty shall be for a period beginning with the notice of intended conversion and continuing for 3 years thereafter, or the recording of the declaration to cooperative and continuing for 3 years thereafter, or 1 year after owners other than the developer obtain control of the association, whichever occurs last, but in no event more than 5 years.
(a) The warranty provided for in this section is conditioned upon routine maintenance being performed, unless the maintenance is an obligation of the developer or a developer-controlled association.
(b) The warranty shall inure to the benefit of each owner and successor owner.
(c) Existing improvements converted to residential cooperative may be covered by an insured warranty program underwritten by an insurance company authorized to do business in this state, if such warranty program meets the minimum requirements of this chapter. To the degree that the warranty program does not meet the minimum requirements of this chapter, such requirements shall apply.
(7) When a developer desires to post a surety bond, the developer shall, after notification to the buyer, acquire a surety bond issued by a company licensed to do business in this state, if such a bond is readily available in the open market, in an amount which would be equal to the total amount of all reserve accounts required under subsection (1), payable to the association.
(8) The amended provisions of this section do not affect a conversion of existing improvements when a developer has filed a notice of intended conversion and the documents required by s. 719.503 or s. 719.504, as applicable, with the division prior to October 1, 1994, provided:
(a) The documents are proper for filing purposes.
(b) The developer, not later than 6 months after such filing:
1. Creates a cooperative for such filing in accordance with part I.
2. Gives a notice of intended conversion.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3; s. 24, ch. 84-368; s. 42, ch. 86-175; s. 21, ch. 94-350; s. 76, ch. 99-3.
719.62 Prohibition of discrimination against nonpurchasing tenants.When existing improvements are converted to cooperative, tenants who have not purchased a unit in the cooperative being created shall, during the remaining term of the rental agreement and any extension thereof, be entitled to the same rights, privileges, and services that were enjoyed by all tenants prior to the date of the written notice of conversion and that are granted, offered, or provided to purchasers.
History.s. 7, ch. 80-3.
719.621 Rulemaking authority.The division may adopt rules to administer and ensure compliance with a developer’s obligations with respect to cooperative conversions concerning the filing and noticing of intended conversions, rental agreement extensions, rights of first refusal, and disclosures and postpurchase protections.
History.s. 16, ch. 98-322.
719.622 Saving clause.
(1) All notices of intended conversion given subsequent to the effective date of this part shall be subject to the requirements of ss. 719.606, 719.608, and 719.61. Tenants given such notices shall have a right of first refusal as provided by s. 719.612.
(2) The disclosure provided by s. 719.616 and required by ss. 719.503 and 719.504 to be furnished to each prospective buyer or lessee for a period of more than 5 years shall be provided to any such person who has not, prior to May 1, 1980, been furnished the documents, prospectus, or offering circular required by ss. 719.503 and 719.504.
(3) The provisions of s. 719.618 do not affect a conversion of existing improvements when a developer has filed with the division prior to May 1, 1980, provided:
(a) The documents are proper for filing purposes; and
(b) The developer, not later than 6 months after such filing, gives a notice of intended conversion.
History.s. 14, ch. 80-3.