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2013 Florida Statutes

Chapter 595
SCHOOL FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICES
CHAPTER 595
CHAPTER 595
SCHOOL FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICES
595.401 Short title.
595.402 Definitions.
595.403 State policy.
595.404 School food and nutrition service program; powers and duties of the department.
595.405 Program requirements for school districts and sponsors.
595.406 Florida Farm Fresh Schools Program.
595.407 Children’s summer nutrition program.
595.408 Commodity distribution services; department responsibilities and functions.
595.409 Public records exemption.
595.501 Penalties.
595.601 Food and Nutrition Services Trust Fund.
595.701 Healthy Schools for Healthy Lives Council.
595.401 Short title.This chapter may be cited as the “Florida School Food and Nutrition Act.”
History.s. 28, ch. 2013-226.
595.402 Definitions.As used in this chapter, the term:
(1) “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Agriculture.
(2) “Department” means the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
(3) “Program” means any one or more of the school food and nutrition service programs that the department has responsibility over including, but not limited to, the National School Lunch Program, the Special Milk Program, the School Breakfast Program, the Summer Food Service Program, the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program, and any other program that relates to school nutrition.
(4) “School district” means any of the 67 county school districts, including the respective district school board.
(5) “Sponsor” means any entity that is conducting a program under a current agreement with the department.
History.s. 29, ch. 2013-226.
595.403 State policy.The Legislature, in recognition of the demonstrated relationship between good nutrition and the capacity of students to develop and learn, declares that it is the policy of the state to provide standards for school food and nutrition services and to require each school district to establish and maintain an appropriate school food and nutrition service program consistent with the nutritional needs of students. To implement that policy, the state shall provide funds to meet the state National School Lunch Act matching requirements. The funds provided shall be distributed in such a manner as to comply with the requirements of the National School Lunch Act.
History.s. 30, ch. 2013-226.
595.404 School food and nutrition service program; powers and duties of the department.The department has the following powers and duties:
(1) To conduct, supervise, and administer the program that will be carried out using federal or state funds, or funds from any other source.
(2) To fully cooperate with the United States Government and its agencies and instrumentalities so that the department may receive the benefit of all federal financial allotments and assistance possible to carry out the purposes of this chapter.
(3) To implement and adopt by rule, as required, federal regulations to maximize federal assistance for the program.
(4) To act as agent of, or contract with, the Federal Government, another state agency, any county or municipal government, or sponsor for the administration of the program, including the distribution of funds provided by the Federal Government to support the program.
(5) To make a reasonable effort to ensure that any school designated as a “severe need school” receives the highest rate of reimbursement to which it is entitled under 42 U.S.C. s. 1773 for each breakfast meal served.
(6) To develop and propose legislation necessary to implement the program, encourage the development of innovative school food and nutrition services, and expand participation in the program.
(7) To annually allocate among the sponsors, as applicable, funds provided from the school breakfast supplement in the General Appropriations Act based on each district’s total number of free and reduced-price breakfast meals served.
(8) To employ such persons as are necessary to perform its duties under this chapter.
(9) To adopt rules covering the administration, operation, and enforcement of the program as well as to implement the provisions of this chapter.
(10) To adopt and implement an appeal process by rule, as required by federal regulations, for applicants and participants under the program, notwithstanding ss. 120.569 and 120.57-120.595.
(11) To assist, train, and review each sponsor in its implementation of the program.
(12) To advance funds from the program’s annual appropriation to sponsors, when requested, in order to implement the provisions of this chapter and in accordance with federal regulations.
History.s. 4, ch. 2011-217; s. 31, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 570.98.
595.405 Program requirements for school districts and sponsors.
(1) Each school district shall consider the recommendations of the district school superintendent and adopt policies to provide for an appropriate food and nutrition service program for students consistent with federal law and department rules.
(2) Each school district shall implement school breakfast programs that make breakfast meals available to all students in each elementary school. Universal school breakfast programs shall be offered in schools in which 80 percent or more of the students are eligible for free or reduced-price meals. Each school shall, to the maximum extent practicable, make breakfast meals available to students at an alternative site location, which may include, but need not be limited to, alternative breakfast options as described in publications of the Food and Nutrition Service of the United States Department of Agriculture for the federal School Breakfast Program.
(3) Each school district must annually set prices for breakfast meals at rates that, combined with federal reimbursements and state allocations, are sufficient to defray costs of school breakfast programs without requiring allocations from the district’s operating funds, except if the district school board approves lower rates.
(4) Each school district is encouraged to provide universal, free school breakfast meals to all students in each elementary, middle, and high school. Each school district shall approve or disapprove a policy, after receiving public testimony concerning the proposed policy at two or more regular meetings, which makes universal, free school breakfast meals available to all students in each elementary, middle, and high school in which 80 percent or more of the students are eligible for free or reduced-price meals.
(5) Each elementary, middle, and high school shall make a breakfast meal available if a student arrives at school on the bus less than 15 minutes before the first bell rings and shall allow the student at least 15 minutes to eat the breakfast.
(6) Each school district shall annually provide to all students in each elementary, middle, and high school information prepared by the district’s food service administration regarding its school breakfast programs. The information shall be communicated through school announcements and written notices sent to all parents.
(7) A school district may operate a breakfast program providing for food preparation at the school site or in central locations with distribution to designated satellite schools or any combination thereof.
(8) Each sponsor shall complete all corrective action plans required by the department or a federal agency to be in compliance with the program.
History.s. 271, ch. 2002-387; s. 1, ch. 2008-190; s. 16, ch. 2009-59; s. 5, ch. 2011-217; s. 32, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 1006.06; s. 570.981(1)-(5).
595.406 Florida Farm Fresh Schools Program.
(1) In order to implement the Florida Farm Fresh Schools Program, the department shall develop policies pertaining to school food services which encourage:
(a) Sponsors to buy fresh and high-quality foods grown in this state when feasible.
(b) Farmers in this state to sell their products to sponsors, school districts, and schools.
(c) Sponsors to demonstrate a preference for competitively priced organic food products.
(d) Sponsors to make reasonable efforts to select foods based on a preference for those that have maximum nutritional content.
(2) The department shall provide outreach, guidance, and training to sponsors, schools, school food service directors, parent and teacher organizations, and students about the benefit of fresh food products from farms in this state.
History.s. 1, ch. 2010-183; s. 5, ch. 2011-217; s. 33, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 1006.06; s. 570.981(6).
595.407 Children’s summer nutrition program.
(1) This section may be cited as the “Ms. Willie Ann Glenn Act.”
(2) Each school district shall develop a plan to sponsor a summer nutrition program to operate sites in the school district as follows:
(a) Within 5 miles of at least one elementary school at which 50 percent or more of the students are eligible for free or reduced-price school meals and for the duration of 35 consecutive days.
(b) Within 10 miles of each elementary school at which 50 percent or more of the students are eligible for free or reduced-price school meals, except as operated pursuant to paragraph (a).
(3)(a) A school district may be exempt from sponsoring a summer nutrition program pursuant to this section. A school district seeking such exemption must include the issue on an agenda at a regular or special school district meeting that is publicly noticed, provide residents an opportunity to participate in the discussion, and vote on whether to be exempt from this section. The school district shall notify the department within 10 days after it decides to become exempt from this section.
(b) Each year, the school district shall reconsider its decision to be exempt from the provisions of this section and shall vote on whether to continue the exemption from sponsoring a summer nutrition program. The school district shall notify the department within 10 days after each subsequent year’s decision to continue the exemption.
(c) If a school district elects to be exempt from sponsoring a summer nutrition program under this section, the school district may encourage not-for-profit entities to sponsor the program. If a not-for-profit entity chooses to sponsor the summer nutrition program but fails to perform with regard to the program, the school district and the department are not required to continue the program and shall be held harmless from any liability arising from the discontinuation of the summer nutrition program.
(4) The superintendent of schools may collaborate with municipal and county governmental agencies and private, not-for-profit leaders in implementing the plan. Although schools have proven to be the optimal site for a summer nutrition program, any not-for-profit entity may serve as a site or sponsor. By April 15 of each year, each school district with a summer nutrition program shall report to the department the district’s summer nutrition program sites in compliance with this section.
(5) The department shall provide to each school district by February 15 of each year a list of local organizations that have filed letters of intent to participate in the summer nutrition program in order that a school district may determine how many sites are needed to serve the children and where to place each site.
History.s. 1, ch. 2005-73; s. 6, ch. 2011-217; s. 34, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 1006.0606; 570.982.
595.408 Commodity distribution services; department responsibilities and functions.
(1)(a) The department shall conduct, supervise, and administer all commodity distribution services that will be carried on using federal or state funds, or funds from any other source, or commodities received and distributed from the United States or any of its agencies.
(b) The department shall determine the benefits each applicant or recipient of assistance is entitled to receive under this chapter, provided that each applicant or recipient is a resident of this state and a citizen of the United States or is an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence or otherwise permanently residing in the United States under color of law.
(2) The department shall cooperate fully with the United States Government and its agencies and instrumentalities so that the department may receive the benefit of all federal financial allotments and assistance possible to carry out the purposes of this chapter.
(3) The department may:
(a) Accept any duties with respect to commodity distribution services as are delegated to it by an agency of the federal government or any state, county, or municipal government.
(b) Act as agent of, or contract with, the federal government, state government, or any county or municipal government in the administration of commodity distribution services to secure the benefits of any public assistance that is available from the federal government or any of its agencies, and in the distribution of funds received from the federal government, state government, or any county or municipal government for commodity distribution services within the state.
(c) Accept from any person or organization all offers of personal services, commodities, or other aid or assistance.
(4) This chapter does not limit, abrogate, or abridge the powers and duties of any other state agency.
History.s. 54, ch. 92-58; s. 4, ch. 93-169; s. 35, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 570.072.
595.409 Public records exemption.
(1) Personal identifying information of an applicant for or participant in a school food and nutrition service program, as defined in s. 595.402, held by the department, the Department of Children and Families, or the Department of Education is exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution.
(2)(a) Such information shall be disclosed to:
1. Another governmental entity in the performance of its official duties and responsibilities; or
2. Any person who has the written consent of the applicant for or participant in such program.
(b) This section does not prohibit a participant’s legal guardian from obtaining confirmation of acceptance and approval, dates of applicability, or other information the legal guardian may request.
(3) This exemption applies to any information identifying a program applicant or participant held by the department, the Department of Children and Families, or the Department of Education before, on, or after the effective date of this exemption.
(4) This section is subject to the Open Government Sunset Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand repealed on October 2, 2018, unless reviewed and saved from repeal through reenactment by the Legislature.
History.s. 1, ch. 2013-217.
595.501 Penalties.Any person, sponsor, or school district that violates any provision of this chapter or any rule adopted thereunder or otherwise does not comply with the program is subject to a suspension or revocation of their agreement, loss of reimbursement, or a financial penalty in accordance with federal or state law or both. This section does not restrict the applicability of any other law.
History.s. 36, ch. 2013-226.
595.601 Food and Nutrition Services Trust Fund.Chapter 99-37, Laws of Florida, recreated the Food and Nutrition Services Trust Fund to record revenue and disbursements of Federal Food and Nutrition funds received by the department as authorized in s. 595.405.
History.s. 589, ch. 2002-387; s. 7, ch. 2011-217; s. 37, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 1010.77; s. 570.983.
595.701 Healthy Schools for Healthy Lives Council.
(1) There is created within the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services the Healthy Schools for Healthy Lives Council, which shall consist of 11 members appointed by the Commissioner of Agriculture. The council shall advise the department on matters relating to nutritional standards and the prevention of childhood obesity, nutrition education, anaphylaxis, and other needs to further the development of the various school nutrition programs.
(2) The meetings, powers, duties, procedures, and recordkeeping of the Healthy Schools for Healthy Lives Council shall be governed by s. 570.0705, relating to advisory committees established within the department.
History.s. 9, ch. 2011-217; s. 38, ch. 2013-226.
Note.Former s. 570.984.