(1) A domestic stock or mutual insurer may borrow money to defray the expenses of its organization, to provide itself with surplus funds, or for any purpose of its business, upon a written agreement that such money is required to be repaid only out of the insurer’s surplus in excess of that stipulated in such agreement. Any interest provided for shall or shall not constitute a liability of the insurer as to its funds other than such excess of surplus, as stipulated in the agreement. No commission or promotion expense shall be paid in connection with any such loan.
(2) Money so borrowed, together with the interest thereon if so stipulated in the agreement, shall not form a part of the insurer’s legal liabilities, except as to its surplus in excess of the amount thereof stipulated in the agreement, or be the basis of any setoff; but until repaid, financial statements filed or published by the insurer shall show as a footnote thereto the amount thereof then unpaid together with any interest thereon accrued but unpaid.
(3) Any such loan to a domestic stock or mutual insurer shall be subject to the approval of the office for the issue and the rate of interest to be paid. The insurer shall, in advance of the loan, file with the office a statement of the purpose of the loan and a copy of the proposed loan agreement. The office shall disapprove any proposed loan or agreement if it finds that the loan is unnecessary or excessive for the purpose intended; that the terms of the loan agreement are not fair and equitable to the parties and to other similar lenders, if any, to the insurer; or that the information so filed by the insurer is inadequate.
(4) Any such loan to a domestic stock or mutual insurer, or a substantial portion thereof, shall be repaid by the insurer when no longer reasonably necessary for the purpose originally intended. No repayment of such a loan shall be made by a domestic stock or mutual insurer unless approved in advance by the office.
(5) This section does not apply to loans obtained by the insurer in the ordinary course of business from banks and other financial institutions, nor to loans secured by pledge or mortgage of assets.