Skip to Navigation | Skip to Main Content | Skip to Site Map

MyFloridaHouse.gov | Flsenate.gov Archives | Mobile Site

Senate Tracker: Sign Up | Login

2015 Florida Statutes

SECTION 406
Condominiums created within condominium parcels.
F.S. 718.406
718.406 Condominiums created within condominium parcels.
(1) Unless otherwise expressed in the declaration of condominium, if a condominium is created within a condominium parcel, the term:
(a) “Primary condominium” means any condominium that is not a secondary condominium and contains one or more subdivided parcels.
(b) “Primary condominium association” means any entity that operates a primary condominium.
(c) “Primary condominium declaration” means the instrument or instruments by which a primary condominium is created, as they are from time to time amended.
(d) “Secondary condominium” means one or more condominium parcels that have been submitted to condominium ownership pursuant to a secondary condominium declaration.
(e) “Secondary condominium association” means any entity responsible for the operation of a secondary condominium.
(f) “Secondary condominium declaration” means the instrument or instruments by which a secondary condominium is created, as they are from time to time amended.
(g) “Secondary unit” means a unit that is part of a secondary condominium.
(h) “Subdivided parcel” means a condominium parcel in a primary condominium that has been submitted to condominium ownership pursuant to a secondary condominium declaration.
(2) Unless otherwise provided in the primary condominium declaration, if a condominium parcel is a subdivided parcel, the secondary condominium association responsible for operating the secondary condominium upon the subdivided parcel shall act on behalf of all of the unit owners of secondary units in the secondary condominium and shall exercise all rights of the secondary unit owners in the primary condominium association, other than the right of possession of the secondary unit. The secondary condominium association shall designate a representative who shall cast the vote of the subdivided parcel in the primary condominium association and, if no person is designated by the secondary condominium association to cast such vote, the vote shall be cast by the president of the secondary condominium association or the designee of the president.
(3) Unless otherwise provided in the primary condominium declaration as originally recorded, no secondary condominium may be created upon any condominium parcel in the primary condominium, and no amendment to the primary condominium declaration may permit secondary condominiums to be created upon parcels in the primary condominium, unless the record owners of a majority of the condominium parcels join in the execution of the amendment.
(4) If the primary condominium declaration permits the creation of a secondary condominium and a condominium parcel in the primary condominium is being submitted for condominium ownership to create a secondary condominium upon the primary condominium parcel, the approval of the board of administration of the primary condominium association is required in order to create the secondary condominium on the primary condominium parcel. Unless otherwise provided in the primary condominium declaration, the owners of condominium parcels in the primary condominium that will not be part of the proposed secondary condominium and the holders of liens upon such primary condominium parcels shall not have approval rights regarding the creation of the secondary condominium or the contents of the secondary condominium declaration being submitted. Only the board of administration of the primary condominium association, the owner of the subdivided parcel, and the holders of liens upon the subdivided parcel shall have approval rights regarding the creation of the secondary condominium and the contents of the secondary condominium declaration. In order for the recording of the secondary condominium declaration to be effective to create the secondary condominium, the board of administration of the primary condominium association, the owner of the subdivided parcel, and all holders of liens on the subdivided parcel must execute the secondary condominium declaration for the purpose of evidencing their approval.
(5) An owner of a secondary unit is subject to both the primary condominium declaration and the secondary condominium declaration.
(6) The primary condominium association may provide insurance required by s. 718.111(11) for common elements and other improvements within the secondary condominium if the primary condominium declaration permits the primary condominium association to provide such insurance for the benefit of the condominium property included in the subdivided parcel, in lieu of such insurance being provided by the secondary condominium association.
(7) Unless otherwise provided in the primary condominium declaration, the board of administration of the primary condominium association may adopt hurricane shutter or hurricane protection specifications for each building within which subdivided parcels are located and govern any subdivided parcels in the primary condominium.
(8) Any unit owner of, or holder of a first mortgage on, a secondary unit may register such unit owner’s or mortgagee’s interest in the secondary unit with the primary condominium association by delivering written notice to the primary condominium association. Once registered, the primary condominium association must provide written notice to such secondary unit owner and his, her, or its first mortgagee at least 30 days before instituting any foreclosure action against the subdivided parcel in which the secondary unit owner and his, her, or its first mortgagee hold an interest for failure of the subdivided parcel owner to pay any assessments or other amounts due to the primary condominium association. A foreclosure action against a subdivided parcel is not effective without an affidavit indicating that written notice of the foreclosure was timely sent to the names and addresses of secondary unit owners and first mortgagees registered with the primary condominium association pursuant to this subsection. The registered secondary unit owner or mortgagee has a right to pay the proportionate amount of the delinquent assessment attributable to the secondary unit in which the registered unit owner or mortgagee holds an interest. Upon such payment, the primary condominium association is obligated to promptly modify or partially release the record of lien on the primary condominium association so that the lien no longer encumbers such secondary unit. Alternatively, a registered secondary unit owner or mortgagee may pay the amount of all delinquent assessments attributed to the subdivided parcel and seek reimbursement for all such amounts paid and all costs incurred from the secondary condominium association, including, without limitation, the costs of collection other than the share allocable to the secondary unit on behalf of which such payment was made.
(9) In the event of a conflict between the primary condominium declaration and the secondary condominium declaration, the primary condominium declaration controls.
(10) All common expenses due to the primary condominium association with respect to a subdivided parcel are a common expense of the secondary condominium association and shall be collected by the secondary condominium association from its members and paid to the primary condominium association.
History.s. 8, ch. 2013-188.