JURIES; PAYMENT OF JURORS AND DUE PROCESS COSTS
40.001 Chief judge; authority; duties.
40.01 Qualifications of jurors.
40.011 Jury lists.
40.013 Persons disqualified or excused from jury service.
40.015 Jury districts; counties exceeding 50,000.
40.02 Selection of jury lists.
40.022 Clerk to purge jury selection lists; restoration.
40.221 Drawing jury venire.
40.225 Jury selection plan.
40.23 Summoning jurors.
40.231 Jury pools.
40.235 Juror accommodations.
40.24 Compensation and reimbursement policy.
40.26 Meals and lodging for jurors.
40.271 Jury service.
40.29 Payment of due-process costs.
40.31 Justice Administrative Commission may apportion appropriation.
40.32 Clerks to disburse money; payments to jurors and witnesses.
40.34 Clerks to make triplicate payroll.
40.355 Accounting and payment.
40.361 Applicability of laws regarding state budgeting and finances.
40.41 Petit jurors; length of service.
40.50 Jury duty and instructions in civil cases.
40.001 Chief judge; authority; duties.—The chief judge of each judicial circuit is vested with overall authority and responsibility for the management, operation, and oversight of the jury system within his or her circuit. However, in accordance with this chapter and chapter 905, the clerk of the circuit court has specific responsibilities regarding the processing of jurors, including, but not limited to, qualifications, summons, selection lists, reporting, and compensation of jurors. The clerk of the circuit court may contract with the chief judge for the court’s assistance in the provision of services to process jurors. The chief judge may also designate to the clerk of the circuit court additional duties consistent with established uniform standards of jury management practices that the Supreme Court may adopt by rule or issue through administrative order.
History.—s. 60, ch. 2003-402.
40.01 Qualifications of jurors.—Jurors shall be taken from the male and female persons at least 18 years of age who are citizens of the United States and legal residents of this state and their respective counties and who possess a driver license or identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles pursuant to chapter 322 or who have executed the affidavit prescribed in s. 40.011.
History.—s. 2, ch. 4015, 1891; ss. 1, 2, ch. 4122, 1893; GS 1570, 1571; s. 1, ch. 6531, 1913; RGS 2771, 2772; ss. 1, 2, ch. 12068, 1927; CGL 4443, 4444; s. 1, ch. 25126, 1949; ss. 1, chs. 26514, 26581, 26848, 1951; ss. 1, 2, ch. 67-154; s. 1, ch. 75-78; s. 1, ch. 79-235; s. 1, ch. 91-235; s. 1, ch. 91-424.
40.011 Jury lists.—
(1) A clerk of the court shall generate a set of juror candidate lists derived from the source lists described in s. 40.01. The source name lists and the juror candidate lists shall be maintained as specified in this chapter and in accordance with the juror selection plan approved in s. 40.225.
(2) Pursuant to s. 40.01, the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles shall deliver quarterly to the clerk of the circuit court in each county a list of names of persons who reside in that county, who are citizens of the United States, who are legal residents of Florida, who are 18 years of age or older, and for whom the department has a driver license or identification card record.
(3) The clerk of the circuit court shall add to the list of licensed drivers and identification cardholders the name of any person who is 18 years of age or older and who is a citizen of the United States and a legal resident of this state and who indicates a desire to serve as a juror, but whose name does not appear on the department list, by requiring such person to execute an affidavit at the office of the clerk.
(4) The affidavit executed pursuant to subsection (3) must be in substantially the following form:
State of Florida
I, , do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I am years of age; that I am a citizen of the United States and a legal resident of Florida and County; that I personally make application for jury duty; that I am eligible to serve as a juror under the Constitution and laws of Florida; and that I reside at (Address) .
Sworn to and subscribed before me this day of , (year) , at County, Florida.
(Signature and title of officer
(5) Using the source name lists described in subsections (2) and (3), a clerk of court may generate juror candidate lists as necessary to ensure a valid and consistent juror selection process.
(a) The initial juror candidate list is derived from the name sources and shall be the master list from which prospective jurors are drawn for summons.
(b) The final juror candidate list shall contain a list of those persons, drawn from the initial candidate list as prescribed in this chapter, who are to be summoned as a pool for possible juror service.
History.—s. 2, ch. 91-235; s. 1, ch. 99-6; s. 1, ch. 2002-76; s. 7, ch. 2012-100; s. 7, ch. 2013-15.
40.013 Persons disqualified or excused from jury service.—
(1) No person who is under prosecution for any crime, or who has been convicted in this state, any federal court, or any other state, territory, or country of bribery, forgery, perjury, larceny, or any other offense that is a felony in this state or which if it had been committed in this state would be a felony, unless restored to civil rights, shall be qualified to serve as a juror.
(2)(a) Neither the Governor, nor Lieutenant Governor, nor any Cabinet officer, nor clerk of court, or judge shall be qualified to be a juror.
(b) Any full-time federal, state, or local law enforcement officer or such entities’ investigative personnel shall be excused from jury service unless such persons choose to serve.
(3) No person interested in any issue to be tried therein shall be a juror in any cause; but no person shall be disqualified from sitting in the trial of any suit in which the state or any county or municipal corporation is a party by reason of the fact that such person is a resident or taxpayer within the state or such county or municipal corporation.
(4) Any expectant mother and any parent who is not employed full time and who has custody of a child under 6 years of age, upon request, shall be excused from jury service.
(5) A presiding judge may, in his or her discretion, excuse a practicing attorney, a practicing physician, or a person who is physically infirm from jury service, except that no person shall be excused from service on a civil trial jury solely on the basis that the person is deaf or hearing impaired, if that person wishes to serve, unless the presiding judge makes a finding that consideration of the evidence to be presented requires auditory discrimination or that the timely progression of the trial will be considerably affected thereby. However, nothing in this subsection shall affect a litigant’s right to exercise a peremptory challenge.
(6) A person may be excused from jury service upon a showing of hardship, extreme inconvenience, or public necessity.
(7) A person who was summoned and who reported as a prospective juror in any court in that person’s county of residence within 1 year before the first day for which the person is being considered for jury service is exempt from jury service for 1 year from the last day of service.
(8) A person 70 years of age or older shall be excused from jury service upon request. A person 70 years of age or older may also be permanently excused from jury service upon written request. A person who is permanently excused from jury service may subsequently request, in writing, to be included in future jury lists provided such person meets the qualifications required by this chapter.
(9) Any person who, because of mental illness, intellectual disability, senility, or other physical or mental incapacity, is permanently incapable of caring for himself or herself may be permanently excused from jury service upon request if the request is accompanied by a written statement to that effect from a physician licensed pursuant to chapter 458 or chapter 459.
(10) Any person who is responsible for the care of a person who, because of mental illness, intellectual disability, senility, or other physical or mental incapacity, is incapable of caring for himself or herself shall be excused from jury service upon request.
History.—s. 3, ch. 3010, 1877; s. 1, ch. 4015, 1891; RS 1149; GS 1572; RGS 2774; CGL 4451; s. 2, ch. 26848, 1951; s. 7, ch. 73-334; s. 1, ch. 77-102; s. 1, ch. 77-431; s. 4, ch. 79-235; s. 1, ch. 80-170; s. 1, ch. 83-210; s. 1, ch. 87-75; s. 1, ch. 92-8; s. 1, ch. 92-297; s. 1, ch. 93-125; s. 245, ch. 95-147; s. 1, ch. 97-199; s. 2, ch. 2013-162; s. 1, ch. 2016-52.
Note.—Former s. 40.07.
40.015 Jury districts; counties exceeding 50,000.—
(1) In any county having a population exceeding 50,000 according to the last preceding decennial census and one or more locations in addition to the county seat at which the county or circuit court sits and holds trials, the chief judge, with the approval of a majority of the county commissioners, is authorized to create a jury district for each courthouse location, from which jury lists shall be selected in the manner presently provided by law. The creation of a jury district under this section may be initiated by either the chief judge or a majority of the county commissioners.
(2) In determining the boundaries of a jury district to serve the court located within the district, the chief judge or the board of county commissioners shall seek to avoid any exclusion of any cognizable group. Each jury district shall include at least 6,000 registered voters.
History.—s. 1, ch. 76-114; s. 2, ch. 79-235; s. 1, ch. 98-98.
40.02 Selection of jury lists.—
(1) The chief judge or the chief judge’s designee shall direct the clerk of the court to select, by lot and at random, a sufficient number of names, with their addresses, from the initial juror candidate list of persons who are qualified to serve as jurors under s. 40.01 and to generate a final juror candidate list of not fewer than 250 persons to serve as jurors as provided for in s. 40.221. The final juror candidate list must be signed and verified by the clerk of the court as having been selected as aforesaid. The final juror candidate list may be created, updated, or supplemented as often as necessary to prevent the selection list from becoming exhausted, but in no case less than annually during the first week of January of each year, or as soon thereafter as practicable. A circuit judge in a county to which he or she has been assigned may also request that the final juror candidate list be updated or supplemented, or that a new list be created as necessary.
(2) When the final juror candidate list is prepared pursuant to the request of a chief judge or the chief judge’s designee, the previously prepared final juror candidate lists shall be withdrawn from further use. If, notwithstanding this provision, some names are not withdrawn, such error or irregularity does not invalidate any subsequent proceeding or jury. The fact that any person so selected had been on a former jury list or had served as a juror in any court at any time shall not be grounds for challenge of such person as a juror. If any person so selected shall be ascertained to be disqualified or incompetent to serve as a juror, such disqualification shall not affect the legality of such list or be cause of challenge to the array of any jury chosen from such list, but any person ascertained to be disqualified to serve as a juror shall be subject to challenge for cause, as defined by law. The set of juror candidate lists, although they may be defective or irregular in form or other formal requirement, or in the number or qualification of the persons so named, shall be the lists from which the names of persons for jury service are to be drawn as prescribed by law.
(3) The clerk of the court shall be responsible for preserving the security of the source and juror candidate lists.
(4) The clerk of the court shall perform the duties set forth in this section and in ss. 40.221, 40.23, and 40.231 in counties having an approved, computerized jury selection system, the provisions of any special law or general law of local application to the contrary notwithstanding. However, the chief judge may designate the court administrator to perform these duties if the county provides funding to the court administrator to provide the personnel and other costs associated with jury services.
History.—s. 2, ch. 4015, 1891; s. 2, ch. 4122, 1893; GS 1571; s. 1, ch. 6531, 1913; RGS 2772; s. 2, ch. 12068, 1927; CGL 4444; s. 1, ch. 28281, 1953; s. 3, ch. 67-154; s. 6, ch. 73-334; s. 3, ch. 79-235; s. 246, ch. 95-147; s. 61, ch. 2003-402; s. 8, ch. 2012-100.
40.022 Clerk to purge jury selection lists; restoration.— (1) To ensure that the juror candidates summoned satisfy the requirements of ss. 40.01 and 40.013, each clerk of the circuit court shall, upon receipt of the list of persons in the department database from the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles and at least once each month thereafter, purge the final juror candidate lists of, at a minimum, the names of those persons:
(a) Adjudicated mentally incompetent;
(b) Convicted of a felony; or
(2) The Department of Health shall furnish monthly to each clerk of the circuit court a list containing the name, address, age, race, and sex of each person 18 years of age or older and a resident of such clerk’s county who died during the preceding calendar month.
(3) A person who has had his or her mental competency or civil rights restored and who wants to serve as a juror must execute the affidavit under oath as provided in s. 40.011.
(4) The Department of Law Enforcement shall establish procedures to enable the clerk of the court in each county to submit monthly the names and other identifying information about the persons selected for the jury list. The Department of Law Enforcement will search its databases and return an automated file of matching records that would assist the clerk in evaluating whether a member of the jury pool should be disqualified under the provisions of s. 40.013(1).
History.—s. 3, ch. 91-235; s. 1, ch. 91-424; s. 247, ch. 95-147; s. 2, ch. 99-8; s. 2, ch. 2002-76; s. 9, ch. 2012-100.
40.221 Drawing jury venire.—A clerk of the court, under supervision of a judge of any court of record, shall, in a manner deemed to produce a result by lot and at random, select from the final juror candidate list such number of persons as he or she deems necessary or expedient for a jury venire, to be returnable at such time as the judge shall specify, from which such venire or venires any jury may be organized, including a grand jury when drawn by or upon order of a judge of the circuit court. The clerk of the court shall keep the list in a secure place.
History.—s. 5, ch. 79-235; s. 248, ch. 95-147; s. 10, ch. 2012-100.
40.225 Jury selection plan.—
(1) Pursuant to s. 40.001, the chief judge of each circuit shall review and consent to the process for selecting juror candidates within his or her circuit. The clerk of court shall implement an automated electronic system in which the names of prospective jurors and other data pertinent thereto shall be maintained for the purpose of the drawing of juror candidates. This system shall be used as the exclusive method authorized by law for obtaining jury venires, if such drawing is by lot and at random and is approved by the Supreme Court as hereinafter provided. Subject to ss. 40.001 and 40.02, the clerk of the circuit court in each county shall have the administrative responsibility for developing the automated system of jury venire selection, obtaining approval for the juror candidate selection process, and operating and updating the system in accordance with this chapter and technical standards and procedures adopted by the Chief Justice.
(2) The clerk of the court, or the chief judge of the circuit if performing the duties of juror candidate selection as provided in s. 40.02, shall submit for approval a plan for the selection of juror candidates as required in this section to the Chief Justice. The plan must be reapproved whenever required by a change in the law, a change in the technical standards and procedures, or a change in the approved clerk-maintained hardware or software used in the automated system of jury venire selection. The proposed plan, if submitted by the clerk, must be approved by the chief judge of the judicial circuit in which the county is located, and must include a description of the equipment, methods, and mode of operation to be used, in a manner consistent with the technical standards and procedures established by the Chief Justice.
(3) The Chief Justice shall examine the proposed plan for compliance with applicable statutory requirements and with established technical standards and procedures. If the Chief Justice finds that the proposed plan is in compliance with applicable statutory requirements and established technical standards and procedures, will produce venires selected by lot and at random, and is otherwise feasible and practicable, an administrative order of approval of same shall be made and filed. Thereafter, the approved system for automated selection of jury venires shall be used in the county so authorized.
(4) This section does not require uniform equipment or methods throughout the state.
History.—s. 1, ch. 71-52; s. 6, ch. 79-235; s. 11, ch. 2012-100.
Note.—Former s. 40.371.
40.23 Summoning jurors.—
(1) The clerk of the court shall generate a venire as prescribed in s. 40.221 and shall summon the persons named in such venire to attend court as jurors at least 14 days prior to the sitting of such court by mailing to each person so named in the venire a written notice, addressed to his or her place of residence, and placing such notice in the United States mail with sufficient postage to carry the same. Upon order of the court, jurors may be summoned with less than 14 days’ notice.
(2) The jury service of any person who has been summoned may be postponed for a period not to exceed 6 months upon written or oral request. The request may specify a date or period of time to which service is to be postponed and, if so, shall be given consideration when the assignment of the postponed date of jury service is made.
(3) Any person who is duly summoned to attend as a juror in any court and who fails to attend without any sufficient excuse shall pay a fine not to exceed $100, which fine shall be imposed by the court to which the juror was summoned, and, in addition, such failure may be considered a contempt of court.
History.—s. 8, ch. 1628, 1868; RS 1155; GS 1585; RGS 2787; s. 1, ch. 9167, 1923; CGL 4464; s. 2, ch. 16410, 1933; s. 1, ch. 22766, 1945; s. 3, ch. 71-67; s. 7, ch. 79-235; s. 249, ch. 95-147.
40.231 Jury pools.—When persons named in a jury venire generated by the clerk are summoned to attend a court as jurors, they may be placed in a jury pool from which the court may draw persons to serve as jurors. Persons placed in said jury pool may, when authorized by the court as an alternative to attending court, list a telephone number with the clerk of the court to which summoned, to be on call on an hour’s notice.
History.—s. 2, ch. 72-308; s. 1, ch. 76-118; s. 8, ch. 79-235.
40.235 Juror accommodations.—Whenever jurors are required by law or by order of court to be kept together during the conduct of a trial or while considering their verdict, or whenever by order of court lodging is required to be furnished juries, separate lodging and restroom facilities shall be provided for jurors of different sexes; and, under contemplation of law, jurors shall be deemed to have been kept together whenever the jurors of different sexes occupy the accommodations provided for their respective sexes.
History.—s. 9, ch. 79-235.
40.24 Compensation and reimbursement policy.—
(1) The compensation policy of this chapter shall be to prevent financial hardship being imposed upon any juror because of performance of juror service.
(2) Juror service constitutes being summoned and reporting for jury service as well as actual service on a jury. Juror service does not include days for which the juror was notified before reporting that his or her presence was not required. Regular employment includes full-time employment and part-time, temporary, and casual employment, as long as the employment hours of a juror can be reasonably determined by a schedule or by custom and practice established during the 3-month period preceding the term of service as a juror.
(3)(a) Jurors who are regularly employed and who continue to receive regular wages while serving as a juror are not entitled to receive compensation from the clerk of the circuit court for the first 3 days of juror service.
(b) Jurors who are not regularly employed or who do not continue to receive regular wages while serving as a juror are entitled to receive $15 per day for the first 3 days of juror service.
(4) Each juror who serves more than 3 days is entitled to be paid by the clerk of the circuit court for the fourth day of service and each day thereafter at the rate of $30 per day of service.
(5) Jurors are not entitled to additional reimbursement by the clerk of the circuit court for travel or other out-of-pocket expenses.
(6) A juror who receives reemployment assistance benefits does not lose such benefits because he or she receives compensation for juror service.
(7) Any juror who is excused from jury service at his or her own request is not entitled to receive any compensation under subsection (3).
(8) In circuits that elect to allow jurors to donate their jury service fee upon conclusion of juror service, each juror may irrevocably donate all of the juror’s compensation to the 26 U.S.C. s. 501(c)(3) organization specified by the guardian ad litem program or to a domestic violence shelter as specified annually on a rotating basis by the clerk of court in the circuit for the juror’s county of residence. The funds collected may not reduce or offset the amount of compensation that the guardian ad litem program or domestic violence shelter would otherwise receive from the state. The clerk of court shall ensure that all jurors are given written notice at the conclusion of their service that they have the option to so donate their compensation, and that the applicable program specified by the guardian ad litem program or a domestic violence shelter receives all funds donated by the jurors. Any guardian ad litem program receiving donations of juror compensation must expend such moneys on services for children for whom guardians ad litem have been appointed.
History.—s. 1, ch. 3853, 1889; RS 1161; s. 1, ch. 4385, 1895; GS 1586; s. 1, ch. 5647, 1907; s. 1, ch. 5900, 1909; s. 1, ch. 6219, 1911; RGS 2788; CGL 4473; s. 7, ch. 22858, 1945; s. 1, ch. 26868, 1951; s. 1, ch. 28247, 1953; s. 1, ch. 72-308; s. 1, ch. 73-264; s. 1, ch. 76-118; s. 3, ch. 77-431; s. 10, ch. 79-235; s. 2, ch. 92-297; s. 250, ch. 95-147; s. 2, ch. 97-199; s. 14, ch. 2008-111; s. 32, ch. 2012-30.
40.26 Meals and lodging for jurors.—The sheriff, when required by order of the court, shall provide juries with meals and lodging, the expense to be paid by the clerk of the circuit court.
History.—s. 1, ch. 3860, 1889; RS 1162; GS 1587; s. 10, ch. 7838, 1919; RGS 2789; CGL 4475; s. 15, ch. 2008-111.
40.271 Jury service.—
(1) No person summoned to serve on any grand or petit jury in this state, or accepted to serve on any grand or petit jury in this state, shall be dismissed from employment for any cause because of the nature or length of service upon such jury.
(2) Threats of dismissal from employment for any cause, by an employer or his or her agent to any person summoned for jury service in this state, because of the nature or length of service upon such jury may be deemed a contempt of the court from which the summons issued.
(3) A civil action by the individual who has been dismissed may be brought in the courts of this state for any violation of this section, and said individual shall be entitled to collect not only compensatory damages, but, in addition thereto, punitive damages and reasonable attorney fees for violation of this act.
History.—s. 2, ch. 74-379; s. 11, ch. 79-235; s. 251, ch. 95-147.
40.29 Payment of due-process costs.—
(1) Each clerk of the circuit court, on behalf of the state attorney, private court-appointed counsel, the public defender, and the criminal conflict and civil regional counsel, shall forward to the Justice Administrative Commission, by county, a quarterly estimate of funds necessary to pay for ordinary witnesses, including, but not limited to, witnesses in civil traffic cases and witnesses of the state attorney, the public defender, criminal conflict and civil regional counsel, private court-appointed counsel, and persons determined to be indigent for costs. Each quarter of the state fiscal year, the commission, based upon the estimates, shall advance funds to each clerk to pay for these ordinary witnesses from state funds specifically appropriated for the payment of ordinary witnesses.
(2) Upon receipt of an estimate pursuant to subsection (1), the Justice Administrative Commission shall endorse the amount deemed necessary for payment by the clerk of the court during the quarterly fiscal period and shall submit a request for payment to the Chief Financial Officer.
(3) Upon receipt of the funds from the Chief Financial Officer, the clerk of the court shall pay all invoices approved and submitted by the state attorney, the public defender, criminal conflict and civil regional counsel, and private court-appointed counsel for the items enumerated in subsection (1).
(4) After review for compliance with applicable rates and requirements, the Justice Administrative Commission shall pay all due process service related invoices, except those enumerated in subsection (1), approved and submitted by the state attorney, the public defender, criminal conflict and civil regional counsel, or private court-appointed counsel in accordance with the applicable requirements of ss. 29.005, 29.006, and 29.007.
(5) The Justice Administrative Commission shall provide funds to the clerks of the court to compensate jurors, to pay for meals or lodging provided to jurors, and to pay for jury-related personnel costs as provided in this section. Each clerk of the court shall forward to the Justice Administrative Commission a quarterly estimate of funds necessary to compensate jurors and pay for meals or lodging provided to jurors during the upcoming quarter. The Florida Clerks of Court Operations Corporation shall forward to the Justice Administrative Commission a quarterly estimate of the amount necessary to reimburse each clerk of the court for its personnel and other costs related to jury management. Upon receipt of such estimates, the Justice Administrative Commission shall determine the amount deemed necessary for payment to the clerks of the court during the upcoming quarter and submit a request for payment to the Chief Financial Officer. If the Justice Administrative Commission believes that the amount appropriated by the Legislature is insufficient to meet such costs during the remaining part of the state fiscal year, the commission may apportion the funds appropriated in the General Appropriations Act for those purposes among the several counties, basing the apportionment upon the amount expended for such purposes in each county during the prior fiscal year, in which case, the Chief Financial Officer shall issue the appropriate apportioned amount by warrant to each county. The clerks of the court are responsible for any compensation to jurors, for payments for meals or lodging provided to jurors, and for jury-related personnel costs that exceed the funding provided in the General Appropriations Act for these purposes.
History.—s. 1, ch. 4121, 1893; GS 1591; s. 1, ch. 7262, 1917; RGS 2793; CGL 4479; s. 1, ch. 65-483; s. 2, ch. 68-7; s. 6, ch. 69-353; s. 9, ch. 73-334; s. 12, ch. 79-235; ss. 2, 7, ch. 82-176; s. 252, ch. 95-147; s. 17, ch. 95-312; s. 1, ch. 98-92; s. 62, ch. 2003-402; s. 38, ch. 2004-265; s. 27, ch. 2005-236; s. 16, ch. 2008-111; s. 6, ch. 2017-126.
40.31 Justice Administrative Commission may apportion appropriation.—If the Justice Administrative Commission has reason to believe that the amount appropriated by the Legislature is insufficient to meet the expenses of witnesses during the remaining part of the state fiscal year, the commission may apportion the money in the treasury for that purpose among the several counties, basing such apportionment upon the amount expended for the payment of witnesses in each county during the prior fiscal year. In such case, each county shall be paid by warrant, issued by the Chief Financial Officer, only the amount so apportioned to each county, and, when the amount so apportioned is insufficient to pay in full all the witnesses during a quarterly fiscal period, the clerk of the court shall apportion the money received pro rata among the witnesses entitled to pay and shall give to each witness a certificate of the amount of compensation still due, which certificate shall be held by the commission as other demands against the state.
History.—s. 3, ch. 4121, 1893; GS 1593; s. 3, ch. 7262, 1917; RGS 2795; CGL 4481; s. 3, ch. 65-483; s. 4, ch. 68-7; s. 9, ch. 73-334; s. 14, ch. 79-235; s. 254, ch. 95-147; s. 19, ch. 95-312; s. 94, ch. 2003-261; s. 17, ch. 2008-111.
40.32 Clerks to disburse money; payments to jurors and witnesses.—
(1) All moneys drawn from the treasury under the provisions of this chapter by the clerk of the court shall be disbursed by the clerk of the court as far as needed in payment of witnesses, except for expert witnesses paid under a contract or other professional services agreement pursuant to ss. 29.004, 29.005, 29.006, and 29.007, for the legal compensation for service during the quarterly fiscal period for which the moneys were drawn and for no other purposes.
(2) The payment of jurors and the payment of expenses for meals and lodging for jurors under the provisions of this chapter are court-related functions that the clerk of the court shall fund from filing fees, service charges, court costs, and fines.
(3) Jurors and witnesses shall be paid by the clerk of the court in cash, by check, or by warrant within 20 days after completion of jury service or completion of service as a witness.
(a) If the clerk of the court pays a juror or witness by cash, the juror or witness shall sign the payroll in the presence of the clerk, a deputy clerk, or some other person designated by the clerk.
(b) If the clerk pays a juror or witness by warrant, he or she shall endorse on the payroll opposite the juror’s or witness’s name the words “Paid by warrant,” giving the number and date of the warrant.
History.—s. 4, ch. 4121, 1893; GS 1594; s. 4, ch. 7262, 1917; RGS 2796; CGL 4482; s. 1, ch. 59-88; s. 1, ch. 61-494; s. 4, ch. 65-483; s. 5, ch. 68-7; s. 9, ch. 73-334; s. 15, ch. 79-235; s. 255, ch. 95-147; s. 4, ch. 99-259; s. 39, ch. 2004-265; s. 18, ch. 2008-111; s. 1, ch. 2014-211; s. 8, ch. 2015-2.
40.33 Deficiency.—If the funds required for payment of the items enumerated in s. 40.29(1) in any county during a quarterly fiscal period exceeds the amount of the funds provided pursuant to s. 40.29(3), the state attorney, public defender, or criminal conflict and civil regional counsel, as applicable, shall make a further request upon the Justice Administrative Commission for the items enumerated in s. 40.29(1) for the amount necessary to allow for full payment.
History.—s. 5, ch. 4121, 1893; GS 1595; s. 5, ch. 7262, 1917; RGS 2797; CGL 4483; s. 5, ch. 65-483; s. 6, ch. 68-7; s. 9, ch. 73-334; s. 16, ch. 79-235; s. 256, ch. 95-147; s. 20, ch. 95-312; s. 95, ch. 2003-261; s. 40, ch. 2004-265; s. 19, ch. 2008-111.
40.34 Clerks to make triplicate payroll.— (1) The clerk of the court shall make out a payroll in triplicate for the payment of witnesses, which payroll shall contain:
(a) The name of each witness entitled to be paid with state funds;
(b) The number of days for which the witnesses are entitled to be paid;
(c) The number of miles traveled by each; and
(d) The total compensation each witness is entitled to receive.
(2) The form of such payroll shall be prescribed by the Chief Financial Officer.
(3) Compensation paid a witness shall be attested as provided in s. 40.32. The payroll shall be approved by the signature of the clerk, or his or her deputy, except for the payroll as to witnesses appearing before the state attorney, which payroll shall be approved by the signature of the state attorney or an assistant state attorney.
(4) The clerks of the courts shall forward two copies of such payrolls to the Justice Administrative Commission, within 2 weeks after the last day of the quarterly fiscal period, and the commission shall audit such payrolls.
History.—s. 6, ch. 4121, 1893; GS 1596; s. 6, ch. 7262, 1917; RGS 2798; CGL 4484; s. 1, ch. 25091, 1949; s. 1, ch. 61-494; s. 17, ch. 79-235; s. 257, ch. 95-147; s. 21, ch. 95-312; s. 96, ch. 2003-261; s. 20, ch. 2008-111.
40.355 Accounting and payment.—The clerk of the court shall, within 2 weeks after the last day of the state’s quarterly fiscal period, render to the state attorney, the public defender, and the criminal conflict and civil regional counsel in each circuit a full statement of accounts for state moneys received and disbursed under this chapter for the payment of witnesses.
History.—s. 28, ch. 2005-236; s. 22, ch. 2008-111.
40.361 Applicability of laws regarding state budgeting and finances.—The requirements contained within chapter 216, including the provisions of s. 216.192 related to release of funds, chapter 29, including ss. 29.015 and 29.016 related to use of contingency funds for due process services, and all other laws of this state relating to state budgeting and financing shall apply to all processes authorized or required under this chapter for the payment of the items enumerated in s. 40.29(1).
History.—s. 41, ch. 2004-265; s. 23, ch. 2008-111.
40.41 Petit jurors; length of service.—The length of the term of service for a petit juror shall not exceed 1 day unless the juror is assigned to or impaneled on a trial that is not completed in 1 day or unless the court orders otherwise. Petit jurors awaiting assignment to a trial must be discharged as early as possible after it has been determined that their services will not be needed.
History.—s. 6, ch. 21973, 1943; s. 3, ch. 92-297.
40.50 Jury duty and instructions in civil cases.—
(1) In any civil action immediately after the jury is sworn, the court shall instruct the jury concerning its duties, its conduct, the order of proceedings, the procedure for submitting written questions of witnesses, and the legal issues involved in the proceeding.
(2) In any civil action which the court determines is likely to exceed 5 days, the court shall instruct that the jurors may take notes regarding the evidence and keep the notes to refresh their memories and to use during recesses and deliberations. The court may provide materials suitable for this purpose. The court should emphasize the confidentiality of the notes. After the jury has rendered its verdict, any notes shall be collected by the bailiff or clerk who shall promptly destroy them.
(3) The court shall permit jurors to submit to the court written questions directed to witnesses or to the court. The court shall give counsel an opportunity to object to such questions outside the presence of the jury. The court may, as appropriate, limit the submission of questions to witnesses.
(4) The court shall instruct the jury that any questions directed to witnesses or the court must be in writing, unsigned, and given to the bailiff. If the court determines that the juror’s question calls for admissible evidence, the question may be asked by court or counsel in the court’s discretion. Such question may be answered by stipulation or other appropriate means, including, but not limited to, additional testimony upon such terms and limitations as the court prescribes. If the court determines that the juror’s question calls for inadmissible evidence, the question shall not be read or answered. If the court rejects a juror’s question, the court should tell the jury that trial rules do not permit some questions and that the jurors should not attach any significance to the failure of having their question asked.
(5) The court may give final instructions to the jury before closing arguments of counsel to enhance jurors’ ability to apply the law to the facts. In that event, the court may withhold giving the necessary procedural and housekeeping instructions until after closing arguments.
History.—s. 1, ch. 99-225.