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HB 623 — Out-of-Country Foreign Money Judgments

by Rep. Byrd and others (SB 760 by Senator Bean)

This summary is provided for information only and does not represent the opinion of any Senator, Senate Officer, or Senate Office.

Prepared by: Judiciary Committee (JU)

This bill amends Florida’s Uniform Out-Of-Country Foreign Money-Judgment Recognition Act in ch. 55 F.S., to add two permissive grounds under which Florida courts may decline to recognize and enforce money judgments rendered by tribunals of foreign countries. The two additional permissive grounds permit a Florida court to decline to recognize and enforce a foreign judgment if:

  • There is “substantial doubt” about the “integrity” of the particular foreign court that rendered the judgment; or
  • There was a lack of due process afforded by the particular foreign court that rendered the judgment.

The Act currently provides a similar mandatory ground for nonrecognition if a foreign country’s court system is systematically unfair and fails to provide an impartial court system or compatible due process of law. The key difference between the current mandatory provision of the Act and the new permissive grounds is that the Act currently addresses only “systematic unfairness” in a foreign country’s court system; whereas, the two additional grounds address “specific unfairness” in a proceeding in a particular foreign court.

If approved by the Governor, these provisions take effect upon becoming law.

Vote: Senate 36-0; House 107-0