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2013 Florida Statutes

F.S. 934.50
934.50 Searches and seizure using a drone.
(1) SHORT TITLE.This act may be cited as the “Freedom from Unwarranted Surveillance Act.”
(2) DEFINITIONS.As used in this act, the term:
(a) “Drone” means a powered, aerial vehicle that:
1. Does not carry a human operator;
2. Uses aerodynamic forces to provide vehicle lift;
3. Can fly autonomously or be piloted remotely;
4. Can be expendable or recoverable; and
5. Can carry a lethal or nonlethal payload.
(b) “Law enforcement agency” means a lawfully established state or local public agency that is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime, local government code enforcement, and the enforcement of penal, traffic, regulatory, game, or controlled substance laws.
(3) PROHIBITED USE OF DRONES.A law enforcement agency may not use a drone to gather evidence or other information.
(4) EXCEPTIONS.This act does not prohibit the use of a drone:
(a) To counter a high risk of a terrorist attack by a specific individual or organization if the United States Secretary of Homeland Security determines that credible intelligence indicates that there is such a risk.
(b) If the law enforcement agency first obtains a search warrant signed by a judge authorizing the use of a drone.
(c) If the law enforcement agency possesses reasonable suspicion that, under particular circumstances, swift action is needed to prevent imminent danger to life or serious damage to property, to forestall the imminent escape of a suspect or the destruction of evidence, or to achieve purposes including, but not limited to, facilitating the search for a missing person.
(5) REMEDIES FOR VIOLATION.An aggrieved party may initiate a civil action against a law enforcement agency to obtain all appropriate relief in order to prevent or remedy a violation of this act.
(6) PROHIBITION ON USE OF EVIDENCE.Evidence obtained or collected in violation of this act is not admissible as evidence in a criminal prosecution in any court of law in this state.
History.s. 1, ch. 2013-33.